Bruce Spence - Animal Health Emergency Table Top Exercise

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Animal Health Emergency Table Top Exercise - Bruce Spence, from NIAA's One Health: Implications for Animal Agriculture, March 15 - 17, 2010, Kansas City, MO, USA.

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Bruce Spence - Animal Health Emergency Table Top Exercise

  1. 1. Everything you need to know about emergency response and continuity of operations to a FAD event Presented by the dynamic duo……… Mr. Bruce Spence Training with Toys & Dr. Patrick Webb Director of Swine Health Programs 1 Your Investment. Your Future.
  2. 2. Who’s Who in the Room? 2 Your Investment. Your Future.
  3. 3. Business Continunity – Why care? 3 Your Investment. Your Future.
  4. 4. Animal Disease Disasters How did this incident start? – A suspect disease was reported to State Veterinary Officials 4 Your Investment. Your Future.
  5. 5. What should tip a producer off? 5 Your Investment. Your Future.
  6. 6. What should tip a producer off? 6 Your Investment. Your Future.
  7. 7. What should tip a producer off? 7 Your Investment. Your Future.
  8. 8. Animal Disease Disasters Critical control steps for rapid detection: – Producer called a veterinarian when their animals were sick. – Veterinarian reported a suspect FAD to the State Vet or Area Veterinarian In Charge (AVIC) 8 Your Investment. Your Future.
  9. 9. Animal Disease Disasters State Veterinarian / AVIC – Tasked out a Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostician (FADD) » Conducted a Foreign Animal Disease / Emerging Animal Disease Investigation (FAD/EDI) 9 Your Investment. Your Future.
  10. 10. Animal Disease Disasters Important Points: – Most FADD /EAD investigations are negative » Hundreds done every year! – Investigations are kept confidential » However……. – Producer support is essential! 10 Your Investment. Your Future.
  11. 11. Lets assume…. We have a confirmed positive case of FMD 11 Your Investment. Your Future.
  12. 12. Animal Disease Disasters Keys to Response – Rapid disease detection, containment and control Keys to Business Continuity – Proving containment – Determining where the disease is and is not Keys to Recovery – Maintain biosecurity – Disease surveillance » “Proof of freedom” 12 Your Investment. Your Future.
  13. 13. Quiz Time? Q: Why is commerce stopped during an FAD event? 13 Your Investment. Your Future.
  14. 14. Who needs information? 14 Your Investment. Your Future.
  15. 15. Accurate information is vital to…. Response – Disease detection / containment – Disease eradication / control – Regionalization / Compartmentalization – Business Continuity Recovery – Speed of response directly related to successful recovery! 15 Your Investment. Your Future.
  16. 16. In a perfect response…… Stand up the Incident Command System Set Zones Identify & Classify Premises Rapid Communication Rapid Tracing Rapid Surveillance 16 Your Investment. Your Future.
  17. 17. Buffer Vaccination Zone (BVZ) At Risk Premises (ARP) Suspect Premises (SP) Infected Premises (IP) Contact Premises (CP) Infected Zone (IZ) Control Area (CA) Buffer Zone (BZ) Monitored Premises (MP) Surveillance Zone (SZ) Vaccinated Premises (VP) Free Zone (FZ) 17 Your Investment. Your Future.
  18. 18. 18 Your Investment. Your Future.
  19. 19. Benefits of PIN’s 19 Your Investment. Your Future.
  20. 20. Communications 20 Your Investment. Your Future.
  21. 21. 21 Your Investment. Your Future.
  22. 22. Tracing 22 Your Investment. Your Future.
  23. 23. Surveillance Info (day of the event) 23 Your Investment. Your Future.
  24. 24. 24 Your Investment. Your Future.
  25. 25. Surveillance info (during the event) 25 Your Investment. Your Future.
  26. 26. 26 Your Investment. Your Future.
  27. 27. All this takes coordination ICS for Farmers! 27 Your Investment. Your Future.
  28. 28. Incident Standard Commander ICS Model POI Safety Liaison Operations Planning Logistics Finance Team A Staging Team B Team C
  29. 29. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  30. 30. Region 1 Region 3 Region 5 Region 2 Region 4 Region 6
  31. 31. National National Command Command POI Safety Liaison Region 1 Region 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations State A State A Staging Operations Staging Operations State B State B Operations Operations State C State C Operations Operations
  32. 32. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  33. 33. Branch 1 Branch 5 Branch 2 Branch 6 Branch 3 Branch 4 Branch 7
  34. 34. State State Command Command POI Safety Liaison Branch 1 Branch 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Operations Operations
  35. 35. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  36. 36. Branch 2 Division 1 Division 3 Div 5 Div 6 Division 4 Division 2
  37. 37. Branch Branch Command Command POI Safety Liaison Division 1 Division 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Operations Operations
  38. 38. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  39. 39. Division 2 Sector 1 Sector 5 Sector 3 Sector 2 Sector 4 Sector 6
  40. 40. Division Division Command Command POI Safety Liaison Sector 1 Sector 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Operations Operations
  41. 41. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  42. 42. Sector 2 Area 3 Area 1 Area 2 Area 4 Sector 2
  43. 43. Sector Sector Command Command POI Safety Liaison Area 1 Area 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Operations Operations
  44. 44. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  45. 45. Area 2 Area 3 Area 1 . . Sector 2 . Area 2 Area 4
  46. 46. Area Area Command Command POI Safety Liaison Farm 1 Farm 2 Planning Logistics Finance Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Staging Operations Operations Operations Operations
  47. 47. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  48. 48. Farm A Farm Commander Command POI Safety Liaison Operations ? Planning Logistics Finance Team A Staging Team B Team C
  49. 49. Federal Command Region State Branch Division Sector Area Farm
  50. 50. Incident Standard Commander ICS Model POI Safety Liaison Operations Planning Logistics Finance Team A Staging Team B Team C
  51. 51. The IC at our house holding her Policies & Procedures manual
  52. 52. The Senario 53 Your Investment. Your Future.
  53. 53. The Agent: Foot and Mouth Disease Virus 54 Your Investment. Your Future.
  54. 54. Foot and Mouth Disease • Picornaviridae, Aphthovirus −7 distinct serotypes − Not cross protective • Affects cloven-hoofed animals • Inactivated at − pH below 6.5 and above 11 • Survives in milk, milk products, bone marrow, lymph glands Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University - 2004
  55. 55. Morbidity/ Mortality • Morbidity 100% in susceptible animal population − United States, Canada, Mexico, others • Mortality less than 1% − Higher in young animals and highly virulent virus strains − Animals generally destroyed to prevent spread Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University - 2004
  56. 56. Animal Transmission • Respiratory aerosols − Proper temperature and humidity − Survives 1-2 days in human respiratory tract • Direct contact − Ingestion of infected animal parts − AI, biologicals, hormones • Indirect contact via fomites Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University - 2004
  57. 57. Human Transmission • Very rarely develop mild clinical signs • Type O, C, rarely A • Act as a transmitter to animals − Harbor virus in respiratory tract for 1-2 days − Contaminated boots, clothing, vehicles − Spread to susceptible animals • Ingestion of unprocessed milk or dairy products from infected animals Center for Food Security and Public Health Iowa State University - 2004
  58. 58. What FMD looks like: Cattle 59 Your Investment. Your Future.
  59. 59. What FMD looks like: Hogs 60 Your Investment. Your Future.
  60. 60. What FMD looks like: Sheep 61 Your Investment. Your Future.
  61. 61. What FMD looks like: Sheep http://km.fao.org/eufmd/index.php/Main_Page 62 Your Investment. Your Future.
  62. 62. The Scenario 63 Your Investment. Your Future.
  63. 63. Senario Foot and Mouth Disease confirmed in swine at a local sale barn in south east Missouri. State and Federal Animal Health Officials have set up the initial control area in order to focus response activities. The infected zone incorporates sections of 4 states: MO, OK, AR, and KS. 64 Your Investment. Your Future.
  64. 64. Senario The rest of each state not included in the infected zone has been designated as a buffer zone States surrounding those 4 states are included in the surveillance zone. All other states are currently considered free areas. 65 Your Investment. Your Future.
  65. 65. Current Response Zones You are here 66 Your Investment. Your Future.
  66. 66. The rules 67 Your Investment. Your Future.
  67. 67. Control Area A Federal quarantine prohibiting interstate commerce of susceptible livestock has been established in the control area. The State Animal Health Official (SAHO) also issued a state- level quarantine prohibiting intrastate movements of susceptible livestock. Movements of people, livestock conveyances, feed conveyances, farm equipment and susceptible livestock inside the control area will be limited, and if movements are allowed by SAHO they will be by permit only. Movement regulations will change as the scope of the outbreak is determined. 68 Your Investment. Your Future.
  68. 68. Buffer Zone Susceptible livestock are not be allowed to leave the buffer zone without permission and movements within or out of the zone will be by permit. 69 Your Investment. Your Future.
  69. 69. At Risk Premises At risk premises are those premises that have susceptible livestock and are located in the buffer zone or, in some cases, inside the surveillance zone. At risk premises within the buffer zone may be allowed to move within the zone under permit provided that the appropriate biosecurity measures have been implemented. 70 Your Investment. Your Future.
  70. 70. Monitored Premises Monitored premises are in close proximity to infected premises, and are located in the infected zone or buffer zone. Premises can only be classified as monitored when they objectively demonstrate that they are not to be designated as infected premises, contact premises, suspect premises, or at-risk premises, following complete epidemiological investigation, biosecurity risk assessments, and diagnostic testing(surveillance). 71 Your Investment. Your Future.
  71. 71. Lets get started! To the Table! 72 Your Investment. Your Future.
  72. 72. 1st Assignment: Premises Identification In your group: – Discuss how your industry can support rapid identification of premises and industry assets in the buffer zone 73 Your Investment. Your Future.
  73. 73. 2nd Assignment: Communication In your group: – Discuss how your industry can support rapid communication of premises and industry assets in the buffer zone – Discuss what information should be delivered to producers – Discuss what information should be gathered from producers 74 Your Investment. Your Future.
  74. 74. 3rd Assignment: Biosecurity In your group: – Discuss what farm level bio security protocols should be implemented to demonstrate to Authorities that the level of protection has been increased – Discuss how you coordinated with industry to implement the appropriate bio security – Discuss how you communicate that information and assure compliance. 75 Your Investment. Your Future.
  75. 75. 4th Assignment: Surveillance In your group: – Discuss what “proof negative” means to you. – Discuss what surveillance protocols should be implemented at the farm level to demonstrate to State and Federal Animal Health Authorities your definition of “proof of negative” – Discuss how you coordinated with industry to accomplish disease surveillance. 76 Your Investment. Your Future.
  76. 76. 5th Assignment: Controlled Movements In your group – Discuss what components need to be addressed in order to support controlled movements of animals or animal products during an FAD event 77 Your Investment. Your Future.
  77. 77. 6th Assignment: Vaccination In your group – Discuss what role vaccination is expected to play in an FAD event for your industry – Discuss how you coordinated with industry to implement the appropriate vaccination plans – Discuss how you implement vaccination and assure compliance. 78 Your Investment. Your Future.
  78. 78. 7th Assignment: Regionalization/ Compartmentalization In your group: – Discuss what role compartmentalization and regionalization will play in assuring business continuity – What are the key steps to developing a compartmentalization plan for each industry? 79 Your Investment. Your Future.
  79. 79. 8th Assignment: Business Continuity In your group: – Outline the 3 biggest obstacles to moving forward on business continuity planning – Outline prospective solutions to overcome each obstacle identified 80 Your Investment. Your Future.
  80. 80. Thanks for your time Questions? 81 Your Investment. Your Future.

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