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Leman Hot Topics Session 2013
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus
Warning Shot for national biosecurity
and foreign animal dis...
Raise awareness of Foreign Animal Disease
Preparedness and Response programs
Utilize our PEDV experience as a springboard ...
Private swine veterinary practice
1992-1998: Sheridan & Heuser Swine Health
Heartland Swine Health
2007-2011: Snider Veter...
University of Minnesota – July 2011 to July 2013
Veterinary Public Health & Preventive Medicine
Residency
Multiple Project...
Original Movement Control
and Stamp Out only approach
now includes ‘Continuity of
Business’
USDA FAD Response Goals
1. Detect, control, and contain disease asap
2. Eradicate disease using strategies that seek to
st...
Minimize the risk of moving infected but undetected animals or animal products
1998 - Presidential Decision Directive 63
2001 – Executive Order 13228
Bioterrorism Act of 2002
2002 Farm Bill
2003 - Home...
US Policy Review
Key Points for Animal Agriculture
Agriculture and food supply = Critical
Infrastructure
Vulnerable to dis...
US Policy Review
Key Points for Animal Agriculture
USDA mandate to improve emergency response
National Animal Health Labor...
US Policy Review
Key Points for Animal Agriculture
Homeland Security - Centers of Excellence
National Center for Food Prot...
Communique #1
Initial AASV Memo to Members – May 17/13
Not included on the USDA or OIE lists of foreign animal diseases
US...
Communique #2
AASV Quick Facts for Public - May 17/13
Not a listed disease of the World Organization for Animal
Health (OI...
What is the proper disease terminology for
PEDV?
Emerging
Detected for the first time in a location
Detected in a specific population for the first time
A clarified link t...
Foreign Animal Disease (FAD)
High Impact diseases for which individual countries are
negative.
Individual countries, provi...
Transboundary Animal Disease
(TAD)diseases that are of significant economic, trade
“those
and/or food security importance ...
PEDV Questions
What is the proper disease terminology for
PEDV?

Emerging
Foreign
Transboundary
What is the OIE list of diseases? How used?
Why is PEDV not on the OIE’s list of ‘diseases of
interest’ but TGEV is?
What ...
Countries cooperate in the interest of trade/commerce
Motivated to control spread of FADs
World Organization for Animal He...
OIE International Committee (CVO) maintains a
single unified list of reportable diseases
130 diseases of interest (OIE 200...
OIE – Reportable Disease (Swine)
African Swine Fever
Classical Swine Fever
Nipah virus encephalitis
Porcine Cysticercosis
...
Anthrax
Aujeszky’s Disease
Bluetongue
Brucellosis (abortus, melitensis, suis)
Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic fever
Echinococco...
*OIE delegate reports to OIE Central Bureau (<24 hours)*

Criteria:
First time occurrence or re-occurrence
First time occu...
Frequency of Reporting:
Weekly update reports on the evolution of the incident
until eradicated or endemic
Report every 6 ...
Notify all OIE member countries and territories
Post information on World Animal Health
Information Database (WAHID) www.o...
International Trade Response to
FAD
Sovereign nations independently determine

their trade response to any change in statu...
Emerging Diseases – Porcine
Viral
PEDV Questions
Where are the opportunities to improve our
response to PEDV and similar future diseases
including both non ...
Slide Courtesy of Dr William Hueston – CAHFS UMN
Awareness of potential emerging diseases
Awareness of international and domestic response
Awareness that adopting Secure P...
As Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) for proactive risk
assessment work for permit guidance
Continued development of comprehen...
Raise awareness of Foreign Animal Disease
Preparedness and Response programs
Utilize our PEDV experience as a springboard ...
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response
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Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response

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PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response - Dr. Tim Snider, Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, from the 2013 Allen D. Leman Swine Conference, September 14-17, 2013, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

More presentations at http://www.swinecast.com/2013-leman-swine-conference-material

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Dr. Tim Snider - PEDV-Warning Shot for National Biosecurity and Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response

  1. 1. Leman Hot Topics Session 2013 Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Warning Shot for national biosecurity and foreign animal disease preparedness and response Allen D Leman Swine Conference – 2013 Dr Timothy Snider – University of Minnesota
  2. 2. Raise awareness of Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response programs Utilize our PEDV experience as a springboard to encourage producers and veterinarians to capitalize on industry and regulatory development to prepare for future challenges
  3. 3. Private swine veterinary practice 1992-1998: Sheridan & Heuser Swine Health Heartland Swine Health 2007-2011: Snider Veterinary Services Corporate swine veterinary practice 1998 – 2001: Cotswold Canada & USA 2001 – 2007: Maple Leaf Foods (Eastern Mb & Ontario) 2011 – Present: TOPIGS USA Academia – Veterinary Population Medicine July 2013 – Present: Instructor at University of Minnesota
  4. 4. University of Minnesota – July 2011 to July 2013 Veterinary Public Health & Preventive Medicine Residency Multiple Projects including: Facilitating Public Private Partnerships – USDA “FAD PReP” Proactive Risk Assessments: Broilers, Turkeys & Swine Sectors Masters of Public Health – Executive Program 25% of full time commitment Coursework, Masters Project, Field Experience
  5. 5. Original Movement Control and Stamp Out only approach now includes ‘Continuity of Business’
  6. 6. USDA FAD Response Goals 1. Detect, control, and contain disease asap 2. Eradicate disease using strategies that seek to stabilize animal agriculture, food supply, economy, and protect public health 3. Provide science- and risk-based approaches and systems to facilitate continuity of business for noninfected animals and non-contaminated animal products
  7. 7. Minimize the risk of moving infected but undetected animals or animal products
  8. 8. 1998 - Presidential Decision Directive 63 2001 – Executive Order 13228 Bioterrorism Act of 2002 2002 Farm Bill 2003 - Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 2003 - Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7 2004 - Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9
  9. 9. US Policy Review Key Points for Animal Agriculture Agriculture and food supply = Critical Infrastructure Vulnerable to disease, pest, or poisonous agents Natural, Unintentional, OR Intentional introduction Increased funding for USDA partnerships with higher education Improve research/analysis of agro-terrorism issues
  10. 10. US Policy Review Key Points for Animal Agriculture USDA mandate to improve emergency response National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) National Animal Health Emergency Management System (NAHEMS) Office of Emergency Management and Homeland Security (OEMHS) National Response Management Team (NRMT)
  11. 11. US Policy Review Key Points for Animal Agriculture Homeland Security - Centers of Excellence National Center for Food Protection and Defense (NCFPD - UMN) National Center for Foreign Animal And Zoonotic Disease (FAZD - Texas A&M) Center of Excellence for Emerging and Zoonotic Animal Diseases (CEEZAD - KSU)
  12. 12. Communique #1 Initial AASV Memo to Members – May 17/13 Not included on the USDA or OIE lists of foreign animal diseases USDA considers this to be a “Transboundary Disease” No requirement to report the detection to OIE as an Immediate Report but will likely be reported on the USDA’s routine six month or annual report No plans to institute quarantines or movement controls
  13. 13. Communique #2 AASV Quick Facts for Public - May 17/13 Not a listed disease of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Not considered a foreign animal disease in the United States No interstate trade restrictions Not a zoonotic disease Not a food safety concern
  14. 14. What is the proper disease terminology for PEDV?
  15. 15. Emerging Detected for the first time in a location Detected in a specific population for the first time A clarified link to a chronic disease or syndrome Re-emerging Present in the past and considered eradicated or controlled (S.S. Morse. Factors in the Emergence of Infectious Diseases. Emerging Infectiou
  16. 16. Foreign Animal Disease (FAD) High Impact diseases for which individual countries are negative. Individual countries, provinces, and states regulate through legislation…. ‘reportable’, ‘notifiable’, ‘named’ diseases Limitation of FAD terminology  it does not account for emerging or re-emerging animal diseases of ‘domestic’ origin
  17. 17. Transboundary Animal Disease (TAD)diseases that are of significant economic, trade “those and/or food security importance for a considerable number of countries; which can easily spread to other countries and reach epidemic proportions; and where control/management, including exclusion, requires cooperation between several countries.” Transboundary Animal Diseases: Assessment of socio-economic impacts and institutional responses (Feb 2004) UN Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) Terminology created by FAO to address ‘foreign’ animal diseases of ‘domestic’ origin
  18. 18. PEDV Questions What is the proper disease terminology for PEDV? Emerging Foreign Transboundary
  19. 19. What is the OIE list of diseases? How used? Why is PEDV not on the OIE’s list of ‘diseases of interest’ but TGEV is? What are the international reporting responsibilities regarding emerging diseases? How do sovereign nations determine their trade restriction response or lack thereof?
  20. 20. Countries cooperate in the interest of trade/commerce Motivated to control spread of FADs World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) & the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) work together to preserve public good regarding animal health Considerations include: Animal health & welfare, socioeconomic impact, and public health USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  21. 21. OIE International Committee (CVO) maintains a single unified list of reportable diseases 130 diseases of interest (OIE 2005) Listed as species specific and multispecies groupings Criteria: International Spread Significant spread within naïve populations Zoonotic potential Emerging diseases USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  22. 22. OIE – Reportable Disease (Swine) African Swine Fever Classical Swine Fever Nipah virus encephalitis Porcine Cysticercosis Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Swine Vesicular disease Transmissible gastroenteritis USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  23. 23. Anthrax Aujeszky’s Disease Bluetongue Brucellosis (abortus, melitensis, suis) Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic fever Echinococcosis/hydatidosis Epizootic Haemorrhagic Ds Equine Encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Foot & Mouth Disease Heartwater Japanese encephalities USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008 New world screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax) Old world screwworm (Chrysomya bezziana) Paratuberculosis Q fever Rabies Rift Valley Fever Rinderpest Surra (Trypanosoma evansi) Trichinellosis Tularemia Vesicular Stomatitis West Nile Fever
  24. 24. *OIE delegate reports to OIE Central Bureau (<24 hours)* Criteria: First time occurrence or re-occurrence First time occurrence of a new strain Sudden increase in distribution, incidence, mortality/morbidity Emerging disease with significant mortality/morbidity or zoonotic potential Evidence of change in the epidemiology of listed disease (host range, pathogenicity, strain) USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  25. 25. Frequency of Reporting: Weekly update reports on the evolution of the incident until eradicated or endemic Report every 6 months on absence/presence and evolution of listed diseases & epidemiology of interest to other countries Report annually on any other information of interest to other countries USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  26. 26. Notify all OIE member countries and territories Post information on World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) www.oie.int USAHA FAD – The Gray Book 2008
  27. 27. International Trade Response to FAD Sovereign nations independently determine their trade response to any change in status with regard to a Transboundary Animal Disease Response Related to: Assessment of risk (i.e. animal health, continuity of business, public health) related to spread Politics Trade relationship Special interest groups
  28. 28. Emerging Diseases – Porcine Viral
  29. 29. PEDV Questions Where are the opportunities to improve our response to PEDV and similar future diseases including both non listed and high impact OIE listed transboundary animal diseases (i.e. FADs)?
  30. 30. Slide Courtesy of Dr William Hueston – CAHFS UMN
  31. 31. Awareness of potential emerging diseases Awareness of international and domestic response Awareness that adopting Secure Pork Supply Plan is a voluntary State level decision and will facilitate USDA’s Continuity of Business efforts Encourage State level adoption of this and other ‘secure’ plans to achieve a standardized response on a national level
  32. 32. As Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) for proactive risk assessment work for permit guidance Continued development of comprehensive well documented biosecurity programs Explore USDA Funded developments that facilitate disease management (i.e. Domestic and FAD PReP Disease) FAZD tools– AgConnect, ERSS, EPS Promote data validation & geospatial disease management initiatives ARC & E programs VDLs and Premise ID Cooperative laboratory surveillance efforts
  33. 33. Raise awareness of Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness and Response programs Utilize our PEDV experience as a springboard to encourage producers and veterinarians to capitalize on industry and regulatory development to prepare for future challenges

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