Opinion ParagraphsOpinion ParagraphsHow well can youorganize and expressyour ideas in writtentext to convince thereader of yourposition?
WHAT IS AN OPINION PARAGRAPH? In an opinion paragraph, the writerexpresses and supports an opinion on aparticular topic or issue. The writer mustgive reasons and examples that helppersuade the reader to agree with him orher. In opinion/persuasive writing, a writer takesa position FOR or AGAINST an issue andwrites to convince the reader to believe ordo something.
FACTS or OPINIONS A FACT is something that is true. It can be proven to betrue. If you can find proof or evidence for something,then it is a FACT. Facts are true statements that noone can disagree with.1. The earth orbits the sun.2. Rabbits are mammals.3. George Washington was the first president of theUnited States.4. Women could not vote in the United States until 1920.5. There are books in the library.6. Maha said, “I like chocolate cake.”
An OPINION is what someone thinks or believes; itcannot be proven true or false. It is your personal feelingor point of view. People can disagree with opinions.1. Friends should always be honest.2. White lies are dangerous.3. It is better to make your friends angry than to lie tothem.4. It is always safer to lie than to tell the truth.5. Women should stay at home than work.6. Using a cell phone while driving is completely fine.7. We had a great winter this year.FACTS or OPINIONS
Activity 1: Look at the following and decide if the sentence is Opinion (O) or a Fact (F):1. Learning English is easier for girls than for boys.2. Good teachers don’t give too much homework.3. Our teacher gave us homework last week.4. English is an easier language to learn than French.5. Owls are birds that hunt at night6. I was born in New York City7. Internet use has increased every year since itsbeginning.8. Engineering is the best career choice9. Many people carry cell phones these days.10. My favourite clothes are all blue.11. Winter in Gaza is quite mild.
Activity 2: For each topic below, write one fact and one opinion:1. Green Tea2. Violent video games3. Money4. Sports5. University degree
Supporting Sentences with Opinions and Examples:In your topic sentence andsupporting sentences, you cansupport your opinion bygiving examples and detailswhich can be facts orexperiences you have had.
Supporting Your Ideas:The major ways to support an opinionStatisticsFactsEvidencePredictionObservationComparisonExperienceAnalysis
Activity 3: Decide if the following are Opinions (O) or Examples (E):1. Smoking should be banned in all places.2. Smoking is banned in restaurants in our city.3. The air is cleaner and healthier in non-smoking restaurants.4. I believe that customers prefer non-smoking restaurants.5. My clothes smelled horrible when I hadlunch with a friend who was smoking.6. In my country, smoking is banned in cars,buses and all public buildings.
OrganizationTopic Sentence: (You show whether youagree or disagree with something)Reasons and Supporting Details:(Examples or evidence to show youragreement or disagreement)Explanation: explains how your examplessupport your point and/or your overall argumentConcluding sentence: (You summarizethe main points or state the topic sentencein different words)
Exercise: Complete the following paragraph outline providing reasons and details:Are cell phones necessary in our lives?First reason: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Second Reason: ________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Third Reason: _________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Exercise: Complete the following paragraph outline providing reasons and details:TS: People who practice sports are healthier.First reason: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Second Reason: ________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________Third Reason: _________________________________________________________________________________________________Detail: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Paragraph Organization: Another way to flow smoothly throughyour paragraph is to use “connectives”accordingly again for example although beyondconversely first as a result secondly finallysimultaneously also for instance hence thenadditionally next nevertheless on thecontraryotherwiseconsequently thus in addition second at the sametime
Use the Following Expressions to Give Your Opinion:As far as I am concerned, …I am (not) convinced that …In my opinion/view …My opinion is that …I (firmly)believe …I (definitely) feel/think that …I am inclined to believe that …
Opinion Writing TopicWriting SituationMany public school systems across the countryrequire students to wear uniforms. Some educatorsbelieve that wearing uniforms will help studentsconcentrate more on their school work. On the otherhand, some students argue that having to wearuniforms prevents them from expressing theirindividuality or personality. Your principal isconsidering whether students at your school shouldwear uniforms.Directions for WritingWrite a paragraph expressing your view on schooluniforms. Provide convincing reasons and specificexamples to support your position.
Model ParagraphWearing uniforms to school is a necessary part of agood school environment. First, the uniform helps build asense of community and school spirit among students. Itallows students to experience appropriate dress in aprofessional environment. Second, a school is a place forlearning, not a fashion show. Many students seem to feel itis more important to look good, when the real purpose ofgoing to school is to focus on their studies. The third reasonfor wearing the uniform is that it sets an equal standardfor everybody. If it were not for the uniform, school wouldbe more competitive, divisive and biased against those withless money. To conclude, school uniforms are verybeneficial for students and create a healthy learningenvironment.
Revise and EditLook for obvious errors in grammar:1. Sentence fragments2. Run-on sentences/ comma splices3. Spelling4. Punctuation5. Capitalization6. Transitions7. Sentence variety8. Organization
Adjective Clause1. The adjective clause is used to modify anoun or a pronoun. They do what regularadjectives do – they describe nouns.2. An adjective clause is a dependent clausethat modifies or describes a noun.3. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who,whose, whom, which, and that) or asubordinate conjunction (when, where, andsince).4. Those are the only words that can be usedto introduce an adjective clause.
Examples:1. The book which I like is on thetable.2. The man who wants the book ishere.3. The student whose hand was upgave the wrong answer.4. The car that Ahmed is driving isnot here.
Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tellwhich word it modifies.1. I play a kind of music that nobody likes.2. The man whom you saw was not the famous actor.3. I remember the day when I took my first airplanetrip.4. I have a neighbor whose parents live in Australia.5. The book which I like is on the table.6. The man whom you saw on stage is my friend.7. The teacher who gives the English classes lives nextdoor.8. The man whose leg was broken was taken to thehospital.9. This is the place where the accident happened.
Who and Whom are used only for people. Who is the subject of the clause. After Whoyou should see a verb. Whom is the object of the clause. AfterWhom you should see a subject noun orpronoun. Which is used for things. That is used for things (and people ininformal English). That can be both subjectand object of the clause.
Use an adjective clause to combine the following sentences using who,whose, whom, which, that.1. They followed the strange man. He had just comefrom the dark alley.2. I bought Jim a book. The book is about magic.3. The doctor examined the patient. The patient hadfallen from a cliff.4. The mechanic repaired my sisters car. The car hada broken window.5. The restaurant had closed permanently. Thecustomers were shot there.6. The parents had great respect for the teacher. Theteacher had taught their children.
Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses Adjective Clauses come in two types:restrictive and nonrestrictive1. Restrictive adjective clauses: They identifythe noun or pronoun modified. They givenecessary information needed in order to knowwho or what the pronoun refers to. The doctor who lives in California is mysister. The car that has broken headlights belongs tomy brother.
Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses2. Nonrestrictive adjective clauses give extrainformation about the noun or the pronoun but is notneeded to identify it. Always put commas around anonrestrictive clause.The key, which was lost, belongs to my father.All individuals,, who bought tickets,, will beadmitted.The Eiffel Tower has an elevator, which I rodeto the top.
Fragments 1 Fragments look like sentences but are missing asubject or a verb, or don’t express a complete thought.Fragment Error1. told everyone to get out of theway.No subject2. However, they in theapartment.No verb3. Before he answered the phone A dependent clauseby itself4. John working extra hard on hisproject lately.No subject-verbrelationship
Fragments 2 There is another kind of fragments when there is only anoun and an adjective clause.1. The children who had been lost2. The place which was covered with grass.3. The minute when Ahmed announced histravel plans.4. The artist who was going to paint the portrait.5. the photos which we showed to our friends
Correct the fragments in the adjective clauses:1. The ride which I took at the amusement park2. The place where the plane wrecked3. The student who answered the question4. The dress that the Queen is wearing5. Our pizza that is in the freezer6. The person who owns the car7. The time when I broke my leg8. the man whom you admire greatly9. The man on your left who will be the nextspeaker