PACE in Mo. Ppt11


Published on

Commercial funding for alternative energy efficiencies

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

PACE in Mo. Ppt11

  1. 1. P A C E 2010 <ul><li>Property Assessed Clean Energy </li></ul><ul><li>In Missouri </li></ul><ul><li>James Trout </li></ul><ul><li>WELCOME </li></ul><ul><li>v11 </li></ul>
  2. 2. PACE = P roperty A ssessed C lean E nergy <ul><li>Is a mechanism for municipalities to offer an arms length financing program for commercial, industrial, and residential property owners to implement energy efficiency and renewable energy improvements that pay for themselves. Local government can establish PACE boards to qualify and administrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Funds are provided from the sale of bonds, which are secured by voluntary property tax assessment contracts with participating property owners, and an associated tax lien on their property to repay it over the life of the improvements, up to 20 years. Assessment runs with the land. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Process <ul><li>Municipality enables PACE through an ordinance and establishes a PACE Board to oversee projects and consultants. </li></ul><ul><li>Property Owners sign-up and can make a wide-range of energy improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Loans are underwritten through a municipal bonds and paid back through special voluntary tax assessments. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>When the General Assembly passed House Bill 1692 during its 2010 legislative session, Missouri joined a growing number of states that have enabled property assessment clean energy (PACE) projects. Because the special assessments have a “senior tax lien” status (i.e., in the event of foreclosure, the special assessments along with property taxes get paid before a mortgage holder), bonds secured by the special assessments may be able to attract favorable interest rates. Originally a residential improvement finance too, PACE is being implemented commercially due to market demand. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits to PACE <ul><li>There are several benefits to this financing structure. Property owners who wish to participate do not need to pay cash or provide other upfront funding. By accessing capital through the issuance of bonds, PACE programs should be able to generate favorable net borrowing costs for participating property owners. Because the special assessments necessary to pay the cost of the energy efficiency or renewable energy improvements can be spread out over up to twenty years, it is possible for a property owner to realize immediate positive cashflow so long as the annual energy cost savings resulting from improvements exceeds the annual special assessment. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Missouri <ul><li>A number of energy efficiency experts in Missouri looked at practical barriers to PACE implementation around the country, and decided to develop a model here that would work well from day one, chiefly on commercial. </li></ul><ul><li>This stakeholder group is crafting a best practices “playbook” for boards, driven by an energy audit, standardized M&V, and project qualifications. </li></ul><ul><li>This model should remove barriers, be scalable, stimulate our economy and create jobs, leverage the private sector to act, assure quality and build confidence, reduce risk to cities, lenders, and consumers, and provide maximum, sustainable benefits. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Additional benefits <ul><li>- Missouri imports 90% of its energy, and exports those energy dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>Green jobs can’t be exported; green savings get spent locally. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a public benefit, jobs, local commerce, and reduces energy consumption, pollution and property expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue Neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to greater building comfort, health, affordability, and value </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advantages <ul><li>Allows for secure financing of comprehensive projects over a longer term that enhances payback </li></ul><ul><li>Repayment obligation passes with ownership, overcoming hesitancy to invest in longer payback measures </li></ul><ul><li>Taps into private capital, such as the municipal bond market vs business loan </li></ul><ul><li>Allows governments to encourage energy efficiency and renewable energy without putting their general funds at risk </li></ul>
  9. 9. . Mo. ranks 41st in Energy Efficiency
  10. 10. Energy use issue addressed <ul><li>America’s Building Stock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly 40% of our nation’s energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) are from buildings and homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Homes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of Units: 5 million 100 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approximate % of US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Consumption: 20% 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Number of Units Per </li></ul><ul><li>1% of Nation’s Energy Usage: 250,000 5 million </li></ul>
  11. 11. > Office Electric Consumption
  12. 12. . Manufacturing Electric Consumption
  13. 13. Cost effective energy improvements identified by an audit <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>• Energy management systems </li></ul><ul><li>• Insulation & air sealing </li></ul><ul><li>• HVAC systems </li></ul><ul><li>• Boilers & furnaces </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment, processes </li></ul><ul><li>• Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>• Energy recovery & redistribution systems </li></ul><ul><li>• Motors & drives </li></ul><ul><li>Water Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>• Greywater systems, High efficiency toilets, Waterless urinals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>• Geothermal, Bio-gas, Solar hot water and Solar photo-voltaics </li></ul>
  14. 14. Commercial Property Types <ul><li>Multi-family (greater than 4 units) </li></ul><ul><li>• Condominiums </li></ul><ul><li>• Apartment complexes </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>• Office buildings </li></ul><ul><li>• Malls, retail </li></ul><ul><li>• Gas stations </li></ul><ul><li>• Restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>• Factories </li></ul><ul><li>• Warehouses </li></ul><ul><li>• server farms </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry farms and feedlots </li></ul>
  15. 15. Financing <ul><li>Pathways </li></ul><ul><li>Pooled Bond PACE applications are aggregated, and a revenue bond is issued to fund projects </li></ul><ul><li>Stand-Alone Bond For sufficiently large projects, a revenue bond is issued to fund an individual or small number of associated projects </li></ul><ul><li>Owner-Arranged Bond An owner arranges project financing with a private lender and the lender accepts PACE securitization and payback framework until aggregation drives bond activity </li></ul>
  16. 16. Advantages to Property Owners <ul><li>INCENTIVE - Provides an alternative to loans, and an incentive to undertake EE/RE improvements, improve comfort, value, & savings </li></ul><ul><li>CREDIT - Does not affect credit, secured by assessment contract, lien runs with the land </li></ul><ul><li>SAVES MONEY - Required to be cash-flow positive, so improved finances. Savings increase over time. </li></ul><ul><li>INVESTMENT - Improves property value – voluntary program </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCED RISK – less concern with recouping costs on resale, since assessment contract stays with the property; benefits stay too. </li></ul><ul><li>NO UPFRONT COST – no down payment required typically </li></ul>
  17. 17. Advantages for Municipalities <ul><li>NO NET COST – Bond issue can include funds for program admin, legal, marketing, reserve fund. A budget-neutral incentive </li></ul><ul><li>JOBS - real, permanent, green jobs, such as: energy auditors, design, insulators, HVAC, solar installers, windows installers, etc. unlikely to be off-shored. </li></ul><ul><li>LIMITED LIABILITY – Liability lies with separate board set up to administer the program. Property liens take first position. </li></ul><ul><li>MEET CLIMATE GOALS – move quickly to reduce energy use </li></ul>
  18. 18. Advantages to Lenders <ul><li>Existing Mortgage Lenders: </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowers cash flow/credit profile improves (energy savings > annual tax cost) </li></ul><ul><li>Property/collateral value increases </li></ul><ul><li>Lender: </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually no risk of loss as property tax liens are senior to mortgage debt </li></ul><ul><li>97% of property taxes are current & losses are less than 1% </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sample project <ul><li>$12,000 project </li></ul><ul><li>The total project cost is $13,200 (including audit, financing and administration costs) </li></ul><ul><li>Yearly tax assessment = $660 </li></ul><ul><li>Resulting yearly energy savings = $1,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Net result = ($1000-660=$340+) </li></ul><ul><li>Typical commercial = x 100 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recommended Anti-fraud <ul><li>PACE has many ways to prevent fraud and ensure accountability: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual reports to boards and then state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require use of certified contractors/energy auditors, permits, standardized metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verification of project metrics at completion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct pay of contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White House and Missouri “Best Practices” </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Combine Audits & Energy savings for a range of EE measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Rebates, incentives, Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to financing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ID Qualified contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance measurement & evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer education & marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering with community institutions </li></ul></ul>A potential “one-stop-shop” for energy improvements:
  22. 22. Recommended Commercial Audit Qualifications: <ul><li>Commercial Auditor Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Auditors conduct ASHRAE energy audits at commercial project sites, IAC protocols for Industrial sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified energy auditors may possess one of the following credentials: </li></ul><ul><li>1) A four-year technical degree from an accredited university or college and relevant experience in commercial and industrial auditing </li></ul><ul><li>2) A two-year technical degree with at least five years experience in commercial and industrial auditing. </li></ul><ul><li>3) A Professional Engineers (PE) or a Certified Energy Managers (CEM) license with experience in commercial and industrial auditing. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Recommended Residential Audit Standards <ul><li>Mo. DNR accredited BPI, RESNET, or similar training protocol as approved by Mo. DNR, </li></ul><ul><li>using REMdesign reporting software model, or any DoE “Best Test” system. </li></ul><ul><li>Positive cash flow </li></ul><ul><li>Re-testing after substantial envelope improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>3rd party verification recommended in minimum of 1-5% of audits. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Recommended “BEST PRACTICES ” <ul><li>Savings-to-Investment Ratio (SIR) Greater Than One </li></ul><ul><li>The Term Should Not Exceed the Life of the Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>PACE Lien Non-Acceleration Upon Owner Default </li></ul><ul><li>Employ Quality Assurance and Anti-Fraud Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Compound PACE benefit with Rebates and Tax Credits </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Consumer and government Education </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for data collection, standardized metrics, M&V </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Assessment Underwriting Best Practices Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Include Debt/Property Valuation, Owner’s Ability to Pay </li></ul>
  25. 25. Potential property disqualifications <ul><ul><li>Delinquent status of taxes or any mortgages on property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existence of involuntary liens on property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent default or foreclosure history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent bankruptcy history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property is “underwater” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unacceptable projects or contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unqualified Owner </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Assessment Board Startup <ul><li>Separately formed “political subdivision” board from the sponsoring municipality </li></ul><ul><li>CEDB Created by ordinance </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed Board members </li></ul><ul><li>Powers include, but are not limited to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issuing bonds or otherwise borrowing money to finance PACE programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entering into Assessment Contracts with Property Owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recording liens for assessments due under Assessment Contracts </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Clean Energy Development Boards <ul><ul><li>Created by one or more municipalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administers the PACE program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>via Assessment Contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between Board and Property Owner (and/or lender, manager) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property Owner agrees to annual assessment in exchange for financing of Energy Efficient or Renewable Energy Improvement </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Ordinance or order adopted by municipality <ul><ul><li>Should address both residential and commercial/industrial properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should work in concert with the municipality’s current zoning and land use requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May establish program guidelines, application requirements and financing criteria (e.g. the protections identified as “best practices”) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Jurisdictional cooperation, aggregation <ul><li>Municipalities may cooperate to form a regional boards and may cooperate to aggregate special assessment revenues into a larger bond financing. Such cooperation may allow projects to be financed on a tax-exempt basis even without an allocation of QECBs - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 353 real property tax abatement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 100 industrial revenue bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other dev. lease/purchase structures </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. the Board Contract <ul><li>Description of the Project, including estimated energy cost savings </li></ul><ul><li>Verification and accountability measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount financed cannot exceed final project costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgment by Property Owner of special benefit received and agreement to pay annual assessments for up to 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Records binding future owners of property </li></ul><ul><li>Special requirements if property is subdivided in the future </li></ul>
  31. 31. Assessment security <ul><li>Annual assessments due under Assessment Contracts are paid and collected in the same manner as property taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Senior tax lien status; no acceleration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of foreclosure, outstanding PACE assessments (and other property taxes and assessments) will be paid prior to mortgage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e.: If property owner uses PACE to finance a $20,000 project through 20 years of annual assessments, but defaults in Year 2, only the Year 2 assessment is outstanding. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Recording and reporting <ul><li>The municipality will record an </li></ul><ul><li>assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Auditors report metrics to boards </li></ul><ul><li>The current property owner and any future owner will make payments inside their regular property tax bills. </li></ul><ul><li>The payments over the life of the assessment will fully cover program costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Boards report to Mo. DNR annually </li></ul>
  33. 33. PACE-MO Municipality (or cooperating groups of municipalities, counties) Start Up Funding Grants, LLR, local lenders DNR & Muni Oversight, reporting PACE Board (Clean Energy Development Board) 3-5 person, appointed by Mayor PACE Program Ongoing Funding Bond Issues & Fees Property Owners Commercial, Residential efficiency Contractors Consultants or Hired Staff Assess.contract w/board (Payment Collection)
  34. 34. Sample: <ul><li>. </li></ul>Bonds Local Board #2 May do gap funding with local banks Local Board #1 Local Board #3 May aggregate communities ie: EIERA O WNER O O O O O Assessment Assessment Assessment
  35. 35. . <ul><li>. </li></ul>. <ul><li>. </li></ul>White House Policy “ In sum, PACE programs have the potential to increase the accessibility and affordability of energy saving measures, consequently lowering energy bills to owners and reducing the environmental footprints of participating localities. Adoption of best practices, including strong contracting standards in the selection of those doing the retrofits, will help deliver the type of market transformation we need to see retrofitting scale up and achieve our goals. “
  36. 36. Key…. <ul><li>Establishing Coalitions with </li></ul><ul><li>Municipalities and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying start up funding </li></ul><ul><li>“Packaging” with other programs, incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Embedding quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Providing measurement and metrics </li></ul>
  37. 37. Application <ul><li>Critical components of the application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form which gives info on property, ownership, mortgage liens, and proposed retrofits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lender notification/consent, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bids from approved contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy audits to verify target savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application fees if any </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Typical Lender Requirements <ul><li>Clear Title: Participants must prove they are the owners and have no agreements that conflict with the assessment </li></ul><ul><li>No uncured defaults </li></ul><ul><li>Participation requires that… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Property taxes are current </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No outstanding tax liens on the property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No notices of default for the past three years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property is current on all mortgage debt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No negative equity financing </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. FANNIE MAE 5/5/10 Letter - current residential barrier <ul><li>Fannie Mae has received a number of questions from seller-servicers regarding government-sponsored energy loans, sometimes referred to as Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) loans. PACE loans generally have automatic first lien priority over previously recorded mortgages. The terms of the Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac Uniform Security Instruments prohibit loans that have senior lien status to a mortgage. As PACE programs progress through the experimental phase and beyond, Fannie Mae will issue additional guidance to lenders as may be needed from time to time. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Status <ul><li>DoE and FHFA have issues to work out over the upcoming months regarding residential applications of PACE. </li></ul><ul><li>States improving on commercial standards and practices may help build confidence among Fannie May members. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial applications are unaffected by Fannie May. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Summary <ul><li>PACE  is an innovation that solves </li></ul><ul><li>the financing problems associated with energy efficiency & retrofit investments </li></ul><ul><li>PACE benefits virtually all stakeholders, including owners, communities and existing lenders, while creating job growth, with no credit risk to municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>PACE has the potential to dramatically accelerate the energy retrofit of our nation’s building stock </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Design best practices </li></ul><ul><li>QA, audit-centric program – buy-in up to DNR </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Board start-up kits for cities </li></ul><ul><li>Identify gap funding and loan loss security </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize audit, contracting and M&V </li></ul><ul><li>Provide efficient bond issuance </li></ul><ul><li>Design competent underwriting standards, contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Assure adequate consumer protections </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage public-private collaborations, outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Explore commercial opportunities first </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate cities, contracts and loans </li></ul>
  43. 43. Needs <ul><li>Program Design </li></ul><ul><li>Design/ development of program guidelines, creation of clear underwriting standards, alignment with local goals and policies, and integration with existing funding programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology/ website set-up and customization. </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing/ market demand analysis; promotional and outreach campaign coordination. </li></ul><ul><li>craft a start-up boilerplate board kit and contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance applying for state and federal funds/grants. </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer outreach </li></ul>
  44. 44. Needs <ul><li>Administration Design </li></ul><ul><li>Education & Marketing: development of materials, workshops, and direct outreach. </li></ul><ul><li>Application Processing: property/project screens and underwriting. </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Service: addressing property owner and contract questions. </li></ul><ul><li>On-Going Technology and Reporting Management: tracking of program goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Origination and Closing Process Management: project quality assurance, closing documentation, and funding disbursement. </li></ul><ul><li>Audit / metrics / QA / reporting qualifications </li></ul>
  45. 45. Needs <ul><li>Financial Services </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptable Financing Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Recapture </li></ul>
  46. 46. Recommendations to accelerate and standardize the process and program statewide <ul><li>Statewide “best practices” for assessment boards to be formulated first </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment Board Implementation Start-up Kit to be developed and distributed statewide </li></ul><ul><li>Loan Loss and start-up funding to be secured for statewide access </li></ul><ul><li>Competent underwriting standards to be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer protection standards established </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality or gov. subdiv. creates a Clean Energy Development Board </li></ul><ul><li>Board helps market PACE with business associations, engineers, auditors, contractors, bankers, realtors, broker-property managers, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Property owner gets an energy audit and applies to board for project funding – may apply on-line or through local banks </li></ul>
  47. 47. Recommendations continued…. <ul><li>Board promulgates standard boilerplate agreement with banks to provide initial project consulting and financing subject to certain standard underwriting criteria & best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Board approves project and initiates a PACE contract with property owners based on audit, REM report and improvement contract. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements executed, contractors paid, QA standards met </li></ul><ul><li>Board sells micro-bond to bank for cost of project; proceeds of micro-bond sale are then paid to contractor; micro-bond is secured by special assessments due under the assessment contract; additional loan loss security may draw down cost of funds further </li></ul><ul><li>EIERA/others may periodically issue a large portfolio bond to refund various micro-bonds issued by Boards throughout the state - alternately, large boards could issue bonds themselves to refund the micro-bonds; assessment contract revenues pledged to bonds.  </li></ul>
  48. 48. Short list of Stak e holders <ul><li>Property owners, tenants, managers, brokers </li></ul><ul><li>Facility management, vendors, consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities, regional councils, municipal league </li></ul><ul><li>Bond companies, underwriters, attorneys </li></ul><ul><li>Cities, counties, and other gov. districts </li></ul><ul><li>ESCOs, engineers, auditors, consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Schools, bankers, realtors, trade unions </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, alternative energy advocates </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement contractors and trades </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>PACE Concerns & White House Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>PACE Programs, Historical Precedent </li></ul><ul><li>PACE Bloomberg Law Article on PACE Land-Secured Districts </li></ul><ul><li>The 10 Must Haves for PACE State Enabling Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Barclays Capital Memo – PACE Seniority is Mandatory </li></ul><ul><li>“Recovery Through Retrofit” Report </li></ul><ul><li>White House PACE Policy Framework/Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>VP Biden YouTube Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary Chu YouTube Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary Donovan YouTube Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>PACE Resources
  50. 50. Contact: [email_address] <ul><li>Other info links </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Financing, incentive links </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>