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Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Trish Rose-Sandler
Data Project Coordinator, Ce...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
What is BHL?
• A consortium of natural history,...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Member Institutions
• Academy of Natural Scienc...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
BHL
Global
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Why the need for Art of Life?
Problem statement...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
What is Art of Life?
• Full title - The Art of ...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
5 Primary Objectives of Art of Life
Objective 1...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Current status of Art of Life
• Development of ...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
How can this project benefit this community?
• ...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
BHL corpus provides verifiable identification o...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
The illustrations serve many purposes
Documenti...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
The illustrations serve many purposes
Providing...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
The illustrations serve many purposes
Represent...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
Thanks to Art of Life team!
PI
Trish Rose-Sandl...
Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
For more info
http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/A...
The George Engelmann
Correspondence Project
Digitizing Engelmann’s Legacy
Heuchera sanguinea Engelm. (Coral Bells)
Friedrich Adolph Wislizenus, 1846
Collection Overview
• 27+ boxes
• Oversized Boxes
• 550+ correspondents
• 5,000+ letters
• Transcriptions
• Translations
•...
5000 Letters
+ 8000 Specimens
Context ???
Small Letters
Big Data
Many Complications
Written: June 30, 1853
Origin: Fort Smith, Arkansas
Mailed: July 2, 1853
Destina...
Specimens also
have
locations, dates, a
nd other
information.
Workflow
Marc Record
OCLC, MBG Catalog, Botanicus
Update Finding Aid
Scan to barcode
.jpg and .tif
Activate
JPEG2000s to
P...
Buchenau to Gray
February 6, 1868
Feb 06, 1868 [1] Feb 06, 1868 [1] verso Feb 06, 1868 [2] Feb 06, 1868 [2] verso
Forwarde...
Insert vs. Forward
Different?
Multiple Authors
John Torrey visits Asa Gray
July 4, 1845
Boissier to Engelmann, June 28, 1860
Boissier’s
Letter
Engelmann’s
Notes
Letter  Transcription  Translation
19th Century: collection assembled in a network
20th Century: collection stored in isolation
21st Century: collection acce...
The Many Friends of Dr. George Engelmann
1820s – German Idealist, Agassiz and Braun
1830s – Immigrant, Meteorologist, Foun...
BHL Consortium Membership
Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia, PA)
American Museum of Natural History (New York, NY)...
Open
Platform
for the
Republic
of
Letters
Parry to Torrey
Asa Gray (Harvard)
George Engelmann (MBG) John Torrey (NYBG)
The Triumvirate
Wallace Correspondence Project
Darwin Correspondence Project
Three Collections and Two Projects
Different Method, Different Platform, Same Conversation
Revealing and Contextualizing the treasures of the Biodiversity Heritage Library: the Art of Life and Engelmann projects.
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Revealing and Contextualizing the treasures of the Biodiversity Heritage Library: the Art of Life and Engelmann projects.

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This talk focused on two projects being carried out by the Missouri Botanical Garden related to the Biodiversity Heritage Library - Art of Life and Engelmann Correspondence. The Art of Life, funded by NEH, is a project to identify and describe the rich natural history illustrations hidden within the pages of BHL literature. The Engelmann Correspondence project, funded by IMLS, is a project to digitize and make available in BHL letters sent to 19th century botanist, George Engelmann by his colleagues in the US and Europe. Both projects are providing new content types to the BHL portal http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/, helping contextualize its published literature, and expanding BHL audiences.

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Revealing and Contextualizing the treasures of the Biodiversity Heritage Library: the Art of Life and Engelmann projects.

  1. 1. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN Trish Rose-Sandler Data Project Coordinator, Center for Biodiversity Informatics Missouri Botanical Garden Daron Dierkes Project Manager, Engelmann Correspondence project Missouri Botanical Garden Revealing and Contextualizing the treasures of the Biodiversity Heritage Library – the Art of Life and Engelmann projects
  2. 2. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN What is BHL? • A consortium of natural history, botanical libraries and research institutions • An open access digital repository for historic biodiversity literature • An open data repository of taxonomic names and bibliographic information
  3. 3. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN Member Institutions • Academy of Natural Sciences Library and Archives • American Museum of Natural History Library • California Academy of Sciences Library • Cornell University Library • The Field Museum Library • Harvard University Botany Libraries • Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology • Library of Congress • Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library • Missouri Botanical Garden Library • Natural History Museum, London, Library & Archives • The New York Botanical Garden • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Library & Archives • Smithsonian Institution Libraries • United States Geological Survey Libraries
  4. 4. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN BHL Global
  5. 5. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
  6. 6. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
  7. 7. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
  8. 8. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN Why the need for Art of Life? Problem statement • How to provide better access to images? • How to broaden the audiences for BHL content?
  9. 9. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN
  10. 10. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN What is Art of Life? • Full title - The Art of Life: Data Mining and Crowdsourcing the Identification and Description of Natural History Illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) • Grant given to Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis • Funded by National Endowment for the Humanities • Runs May 2012-April 2014
  11. 11. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN 5 Primary Objectives of Art of Life Objective 1: Define an appropriate metadata schema for natural history illustrations Objective 2: Build software tools to automatically identify illustrations in the BHL corpus Objective 3: Enhance existing tools to enable the initial sorting, viewing, and editing of these identified visual resources. Objective 4: Integrate tagging applications to enable a community of users to edit descriptive metadata for the illustrations Objective 5: Integrate the descriptive metadata generated by users back into BHL portal both for access and preservation
  12. 12. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN Current status of Art of Life • Development of the algorithm is complete and we are running it across the entire BHL corpus • Draft schema for describing natural history illustrations available for public review http://tinyurl.com/9hm7nsb • Classifier tool complete
  13. 13. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN How can this project benefit this community? • Significant resource of natural history images that will be made openly accessible and reusable- resulting 1 million plus images and catalog metadata will be downloadable for free use and available in image platforms already familiar to you (e.g. ARTstor), • Content is very cross-disciplinary: appeals to a wide range of audiences including artists, biologists, humanities scholars, particularly historians of science; librarians, education and outreach. Anyone who uses images in their research and teaching.
  14. 14. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN BHL corpus provides verifiable identification of the occurrence of life on Earth, and form a rich digital library of texts documenting the history of science. The materials in BHL range from the 15th to 21st centuries and cover all geographic areas of the globe.
  15. 15. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN The illustrations serve many purposes Documenting life on Earth – with the current changes in global climate patterns and the rapid loss of natural habitat for many species, in some cases the historic illustrations contained within these texts represent the only available image documenting a species. For example, many of the rare orchids illustrated and described in early volumes of Curtis’s Botanical Magazine in continuous publication since the late 1700’s, were subsequently over-collected, and as such, the printed illustrations that are now digitized and made available through BHL are the only verifiable resource about those organisms and their existence on Earth.
  16. 16. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN The illustrations serve many purposes Providing public views of exotic creatures & collections – Many of the rare folios digitized and made available within BHL contain illustrated works that were often peoples’ first views of strange creatures from foreign lands. Pioneering expeditions like the H.M.S. Challenger resulted in preliminary reports and final published works that documented more than 4,000 new marine species, including the first illustrations of many deep- sea fishes, like the raspback skate.
  17. 17. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN The illustrations serve many purposes Representing the earliest discoveries and explorations of the “new world” – As discussed by Francesca Herndon-Consagra in her introduction to the exhibit, The Illustrated Garden, “by the mid-sixteenth century, European expeditions to foreign lands generated a flood of new information as explorers documented and collected specimens while abroad. Imports like vanilla, coffee, tea, and cocoa proved immensely lucrative, momentous to colonial land use, and revolutionary to European culture and medicine. These discoveries not only spurred the desire to produce illustrated botanical books, they also fostered patronage of further plant research”viii
  18. 18. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN Thanks to Art of Life team! PI Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Algorithm development Ed Bachta, Charlie Moad, Kyle Jaebker, Indianapolis Museum of Art Schema development Gaurav Vaidya and Robert Guralnick, University of Colorado, Boulder William Ulate, Missouri Botanical Garden Programming Mike Lichtenberg, Missouri Botanical Garden Consultants Doug Holland, Missouri Botanical Garden; Chris Freeland, Washington University (former PI for Art of Life)
  19. 19. Digital History and Philosophy of Science meeting Sept 2013 Bloomington IN For more info http://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/Art+of+Life http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org Contact: trish.rose-sandler@mobot.org
  20. 20. The George Engelmann Correspondence Project
  21. 21. Digitizing Engelmann’s Legacy Heuchera sanguinea Engelm. (Coral Bells) Friedrich Adolph Wislizenus, 1846
  22. 22. Collection Overview • 27+ boxes • Oversized Boxes • 550+ correspondents • 5,000+ letters • Transcriptions • Translations • Unprocessed Stuff • Old Finding Aid
  23. 23. 5000 Letters + 8000 Specimens Context ???
  24. 24. Small Letters Big Data Many Complications Written: June 30, 1853 Origin: Fort Smith, Arkansas Mailed: July 2, 1853 Destination: St. Louis, Missouri Received: July 15, 1853 Answered: February 17, 1855
  25. 25. Specimens also have locations, dates, a nd other information.
  26. 26. Workflow Marc Record OCLC, MBG Catalog, Botanicus Update Finding Aid Scan to barcode .jpg and .tif Activate JPEG2000s to Paginate Send to Finalize Web Presence Landing page, finding aid, BHL collection tags
  27. 27. Buchenau to Gray February 6, 1868 Feb 06, 1868 [1] Feb 06, 1868 [1] verso Feb 06, 1868 [2] Feb 06, 1868 [2] verso Forwarded, Crossing the Gutter
  28. 28. Insert vs. Forward Different?
  29. 29. Multiple Authors John Torrey visits Asa Gray July 4, 1845
  30. 30. Boissier to Engelmann, June 28, 1860 Boissier’s Letter Engelmann’s Notes
  31. 31. Letter  Transcription  Translation
  32. 32. 19th Century: collection assembled in a network 20th Century: collection stored in isolation 21st Century: collection accessed in a network 5000 Letters + 8000 Specimens Context ???
  33. 33. The Many Friends of Dr. George Engelmann 1820s – German Idealist, Agassiz and Braun 1830s – Immigrant, Meteorologist, Founder 1840s – Describes Plants of the Southwest 1850s – Missouri Botanical Garden Academy of Science 1860s – War, Darwin, Viticulture 1870s – President of Academy 1880s – Adventurer
  34. 34. BHL Consortium Membership Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia, PA) American Museum of Natural History (New York, NY) California Academy of Sciences (San Francisco, CA) Cornell University Library (Ithaca, NY) The Field Museum (Chicago, IL) Harvard University Botany Libraries (Cambridge, MA) Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, MA) Library of Congress (Washington, DC) Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, MA) Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis, MO) Natural History Museum (London, UK) The New York Botanical Garden (New York, NY) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Richmond, UK) Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington, DC) United States Geological Survey (Reston, VA)
  35. 35. Open Platform for the Republic of Letters Parry to Torrey
  36. 36. Asa Gray (Harvard) George Engelmann (MBG) John Torrey (NYBG) The Triumvirate
  37. 37. Wallace Correspondence Project Darwin Correspondence Project
  38. 38. Three Collections and Two Projects
  39. 39. Different Method, Different Platform, Same Conversation

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