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Breathing new life into old data - How opening your collection can spark imagination and inspire creative re-use

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This presentation was given by Doug Holland and Trish Rose-Sandler at the Missouri Libraries Association conference held in St Louis MO in Oct 2013. There is a significant online literature and image repository called the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL). Content from this repository has inspired a range of users to re-contextualize the BHL data in new, previously unimagined roles including: scientists creating visualizations of species names publishing; citizen scientists blogging about fascinating creatures; designers incorporating marine life into wedding invitations, artists creating collages of animal illustrations and nature photography ; and home decorators adding punch and wit to the walls of their kids bedrooms. Using the example of BHL and its open data principles, the presentation will discuss what open data is and how libraries can expand the impact and reach of their collections through open data methods.

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Breathing new life into old data - How opening your collection can spark imagination and inspire creative re-use

  1. 1. Breathing new life into old data: How opening your collection can spark imagination and inspire creative re-use Doug Holland, Library Director, Missouri Botanical Garden Trish Rose-Sandler, Data Project Coordinator, Missouri Botanical Garden 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO
  2. 2. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO What is BHL? • A consortium of natural history, botanical libraries and research institutions • An open access digital repository for historic biodiversity literature • An open data repository of taxonomic names and bibliographic information
  3. 3. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Member Institutions • Academy of Natural Sciences Library and Archives • American Museum of Natural History Library • California Academy of Sciences Library • Cornell University Library • The Field Museum Library • Harvard University Botany Libraries • Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology • Library of Congress • Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library • Missouri Botanical Garden Library • Natural History Museum, London, Library & Archives • The New York Botanical Garden • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Library & Archives • Smithsonian Institution Libraries • United States Geological Survey Libraries
  4. 4. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO
  5. 5. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO What is Art of Life? • Full title - The Art of Life: Data Mining and Crowdsourcing the Identification and Description of Natural History Illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) • Grant given to Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis • Funded by National Endowment for the Humanities • Runs May 2012-April 2014
  6. 6. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO What is open content? 1. Artists/Designers 2. Biologists/Taxonomists/ “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.”
  7. 7. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO What are some content types ripe for opening up? Bibliographic records Vocabularies Content files • Literature published before 1923 (public domain) • Primary source materials • manuscripts • photographs • maps • artifacts • audio and video recordings • oral histories • postcards • posters • Local history – Genealogical collections
  8. 8. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – bibliographic recordst /
  9. 9. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – bibliographic recordst /
  10. 10. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – vocabularies /
  11. 11. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – vocabularies /
  12. 12. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – primary resources /
  13. 13. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of open content – primary resources /
  14. 14. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Why is open content important to cultural heritage institutions? “it is now the mark—and social responsibility—of world-class institutions to develop and share free cultural and educational resources.” Initiative to building a global cultural commons for everyone to use, access and enjoy. Getty holds “the conviction that understanding art makes the world a better place, and sharing our digital resources is the natural extension of that belief. “
  15. 15. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO How to open your data One click downloads
  16. 16. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO How to open your data Bulk data BHL provides metadata & content via • Export files • OAI-PMH • APIs • OpenURL
  17. 17. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO How to open your data Share with other portals
  18. 18. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO How to open your data Share with other portals
  19. 19. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Copyright and Licensing Make public domain content available – make it clear its copyright status=public domain. For copyrighted content if you are the copyright holder, dedicate it to the public domain or license content as openly as possible CCO CC-BY CC-BY-SA CC-BY-NC PDDL ODC-By ODC-ODbL
  20. 20. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Open Content and Copyright
  21. 21. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Examples of re-use of BHL Open Content
  22. 22. iTunes U
  23. 23. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Scholarly and commercial publications And the “price” of open content.
  24. 24. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Artists/Graphic Designers Artists/Graphic Designers Nonprofit fund raising Natural Histories: Extraordinary Rare Book Selections from the American Museum of Natural History
  25. 25. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Citizen scientists/enthusiasts
  26. 26. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/photos/0,,20612661_2118724 9,00.html Citizen scientists/enthusiasts
  27. 27. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Educators/Outreach Educators
  28. 28. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Henry Curtis-Williams @All Rights Reserved http://www.flickr.com/photos/67312941@N03/850422509 8/in/photostream/ Artists/Graphic DesignersArtists/Graphic Designers
  29. 29. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Artists/Graphic Designers http://www.missmoss.co.za/2013/06/24/biodiversity-heritage-library/
  30. 30. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Artists/Graphic Designers Artists/Graphic Designers
  31. 31. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Commentary on Miss Moss blog Artists/Graphic Designers Artists/Graphic Designers
  32. 32. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Artists/Graphic Designers Artists/Graphic Designers
  33. 33. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Artists/Graphic Designers Artists/Graphic Designers Public Art in Denver Light Rail Stations Created by artist Nancy O’Neil
  34. 34. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Benefits to open content? • Fulfills public mission of libraries • Promotes your collection to new audiences • Stimulates creative reuse • Increases discoverability • Enables Data enrichment • Less taxing on staff resources
  35. 35. 10/4/13 Missouri Library Association conference, St Louis MO Further information about open content and libraries • Open Bibliographic Data Guide http://obd.jisc.ac.uk/ • OpenGLAM http://openglam.org/ • LODLAM http://lodlam.net/

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