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All creatures great and small: metadata for biodiversity illustrations

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This is a talk proposed by Gaurav Vaidya (University of Colorado Boulder), William Ulate (Missouri Botanical Garden), Robert Guralnick (University of Colorado Boulder), and Trish Rose-Sandler (Missouri Botanical Garden)

The Art of Life project is developing a metadata schema for describing and improving access to the natural history images contained in the 38 million pages digitized by the Biodiversity Heritage Library. These images paint a vibrant picture of Europeans’ first encounters with exotic plants and animals in the 17th and 18th centuries, drawn by some of the finest illustrators in the world. They also provide valuable documentation of when, where, and who first observed a species. We present our preliminary schema, which accommodates a variety of delivery systems, including Flickr and Wikimedia Commons, and varying levels of information detail.

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All creatures great and small: metadata for biodiversity illustrations

  1. 1. All creatures great and small :metadata for biodiversity illustrationsDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  2. 2. What is Art of Life?• Full title - The Art of Life: Data Mining and Crowdsourcing the Identification and Description of Natural History Illustrations from the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL)• Grant given to Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis• Funded by National Endowment for the Humanities• Runs May 2012-April 2014DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  3. 3. What is BHL? • A consortium of 14 natural history, botanical libraries and research institutions • An open access digital library for legacy biodiversity literature • An open data repository of taxonomic names and bibliographic information • An increasingly global effortDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  4. 4. DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  5. 5. Why the need for Art of Life? Problem statement – users want access to images, access to images is limited to page by page scroll or viewing selection of images in Flickr, not searchable by image content (e.g. corn, zea mays)DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  6. 6. Table ofcontents Page by page scroll DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  7. 7. DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  8. 8. 5 Primary Objectives of Art of Life Objective 1: Define an appropriate metadata schema for natural history illustrations Objective 2: Build software tools to automatically identify illustrations in the BHL corpus Objective 3: Enhance existing tools to enable the initial sorting, viewing, and editing of these identified visual resources. Objective 4: Integrate tagging applications to enable a community of users to edit descriptive metadata for the illustrations Objective 5: Integrate the descriptive metadata generated by users back into BHL portal both for access and preservation DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  9. 9. DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  10. 10. Current status of Art of Life • Development of the algorithm is about 70% complete and will be done by Jan 2013 • Draft schema available for public review http://tinyurl.com/9hm7nsb • Classifier tool – reusing an existing BHL tool developed by Joel Richard called Macaw http://code.google.com/p/macaw- book-metadata-tool/DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  11. 11. Art of Life Schema Needs to support three objectives: (1) to enable the discovery, description and use of the identified images by artists, biologists, humanities scholars, librarians, and educators; (2) to make BHL’s metadata and images available to other platforms; and (3) to import crowdsourced metadata generated in other platforms back into BHL.DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  12. 12. Schema landscape review – VRA Core 4.0 (borrowed 9 elements) – LIDO – Darwin Core (borrowed 2 elements) – Dublin CoreDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  13. 13. ART OF LIFE SCHEMA ELEMENTS red =required Title Type Date Copyright Source Agent Subjects Description InscriptionDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  14. 14. Example of illustration described using Art of Life schema Title Stictospiza formosa Type Paintings Date Publication: 1898 Agent Author: Arthur G. Butler (1844-1925) Illustrator: F.W. Frohawk (1861-1946) Description A pair of finches with green and yellow bodies resting on reeds Subjects Scientific name: Amandava formosa (Latham, 1790) Vernacular Name: Green Avadavat or Green Munia Accepted Name: Amandava formosa (Latham, 1790) Birds, finches Inscriptions bottom center: Green Amaduvade Waxbill (Stictospiza formosa) Source Butler, Arthur Gardiner. Foreign finches in captivity. Hull and London: Brumby and Clarke, limited,1889 (2nd edition). This image comes from the Biodiversity Heritage Library, and is available online at biodiversitylibrary.org/page/17195895 Rights Public domainDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  15. 15. Thanks to Art of Life team! Co-PIs: Doug Holland and Trish Rose-Sandler, from Missouri Botanical Garden Algorithm development: Ed Bachta and Charlie Moad; from Indianapolis Museum of Art Schema development: Gaurav Vaidya and Robert Guralnick, from University of Colorado, Boulder William Ulate, from Missouri Botanical Garden Programming: Mike Lichtenberg, Missouri Botanical Garden Former PI for Art of Life Chris Freeland, Washington UniversityDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  16. 16. Interested? Here’s how you can help • We welcome your feedback on the schema! http://tinyurl.com/9hm7nsb • If you know of scholars and users who would be interested in these types of images and would be interested either in participating in our survey or a brief focus groups about the schema please have them contact me trish.rose-sandler@mobot.org • Would love to talk with other folks about their experiences with crowdsourcing of metadata, particularly if you’ve used flickr or Wikimedia commonsDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  17. 17. Thanks!For more infohttp://biodivlib.wikispaces.com/Art+of+LifeContact:tweet@trosesandlertrish.rose-sandler@mobot.orgDLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project

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