Robotics Seminar
Biomimetic Robots
By
NIRMAL THOMAS
M.Tech Robotics
SRM UNIVERSITY
Confusing Terms
Biomimetic
 Bio-Inspired
 Bionic Robots

Biomimetic
Biomimetic refers to human-made processes,
substances, devices, or systems that imitate
nature.
 The art and s...
Biomimetic Robot


Fully Replicating from
nature



The
biomimetic
approach
most
commonly
strives
to
achieve this goal b...
Bio-Inspired Robot
Bio-Inspired
This approach aims to
discover and capture an
essential
idea
that
underpins a biological
s...
Bionic Robots


biology + electronics

• Integrating Electro
Mechanical system to
living organisms
• Bionics usually mean...
Which is Best?
•

•

•

These approaches are not mutually exclusive, i.e., in
many cases a biomimetic solution can provide...
History
387 BC Archytas of Tarentum allegedly built a
kind of flying machine, a wooden pigeon
balanced by a weight suspend...
When the real biomimetic Robot Came?


1970s,Robotic LOBSTER (designed by Joseph
Ayers, a biology professor)
Robotic Lobster


The actions of real lobsters have been
reverse-engineered and programmed into a
library of actions whic...
Biomimetic Sensors








Vision Sensor - photosensitive devices to Binocular vision Cameras
Audition Sensor – Mic,V...
Actuators
Pneumatic Muscles
 Shape Memory alloys
 Conducting Polymers
 Hydraulic Actuators
 Magnetic Actuator

Where it is going ?


From Nature

Artificial Intelligence

Structure

Bio-Inspired Sensors


Bio-inspired Actuators

Co...
Locomotion's in Robots









Crawling (To move slowly on the hands and knees
or by dragging the body along the ...
Control Architecture
Self Learning Robots
 Evolving Robots
 Collective Robots (Swarm)

Current Advancement
FESTO Albatross
 PETMAN – Robotic Soldier (30 DOF)
 Resistive & Capacitive Skin

Applications
Defense (where the most funding goes…..)
 Entertainment (AZIMO by HONDA)
 Search and Rescue
 Underwater Re...
Reference
Handbook of Robotics – Springer
 Wikipedia
 Google
 Festo.com
 Boston Dynamics etc.

THANK YOU
Biomimetic robots
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Biomimetic robots

  1. 1. Robotics Seminar
  2. 2. Biomimetic Robots By NIRMAL THOMAS M.Tech Robotics SRM UNIVERSITY
  3. 3. Confusing Terms Biomimetic  Bio-Inspired  Bionic Robots 
  4. 4. Biomimetic Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature.  The art and science of designing and building biomimetic apparatus is called biomimetic, and is of special interest to researchers in nanotechnology, robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), the medical industry, and the military 
  5. 5. Biomimetic Robot  Fully Replicating from nature  The biomimetic approach most commonly strives to achieve this goal by reproducing some aspects of the biological system, for example, early plane designs that involved flapping wings can be considered as biomimetics of birds.
  6. 6. Bio-Inspired Robot Bio-Inspired This approach aims to discover and capture an essential idea that underpins a biological system, so that the same idea can be implemented technologically.  Taking the Idea  Not Fully replicating it  Inspired from Nature 
  7. 7. Bionic Robots  biology + electronics • Integrating Electro Mechanical system to living organisms • Bionics usually means the replacement or enhancement of organs or other body parts by mechanical versions or electrical add-ons
  8. 8. Which is Best? • • • These approaches are not mutually exclusive, i.e., in many cases a biomimetic solution can provide the best technological implementation of a bio-inspired design, but a biomimetic solution is not always optimal from an engineering prospective. Fixed-wing aircraft turns out to be a more efficient solution for carrying cargo than are designs that replicate flapping wings of birds. Not too surprising, perhaps, as typical birds did not evolve based on capacity to carry heavy cargo across long distances. All these approach has its own Advantage and Disadvantage
  9. 9. History 387 BC Archytas of Tarentum allegedly built a kind of flying machine, a wooden pigeon balanced by a weight suspended from a pulley, and set in motion by compressed air escaping from a valve (Biomimetic)  105 AD, Ts' ai Lun from China credited with inventing paper, after watching a wasp create its nest (Bio Inspiration) 
  10. 10. When the real biomimetic Robot Came?  1970s,Robotic LOBSTER (designed by Joseph Ayers, a biology professor)
  11. 11. Robotic Lobster  The actions of real lobsters have been reverse-engineered and programmed into a library of actions which give the robotic lobster a similar behavior as the real ones.  They not only resemble its physical shape and movements but the way its artificial nervous system responds to variable conditions in its environment- such as temperature and heat.
  12. 12. Biomimetic Sensors      Vision Sensor - photosensitive devices to Binocular vision Cameras Audition Sensor – Mic,Vibration Detection, echolocation behavior etc (Crickets,Bats,Dolphins) Touch Sensor – Pressure sensor, Piezoelectric,capacitative,Electromagnetic Smell Sensors – Electronic Noses Taste Sensors -
  13. 13. Actuators Pneumatic Muscles  Shape Memory alloys  Conducting Polymers  Hydraulic Actuators  Magnetic Actuator 
  14. 14. Where it is going ?  From Nature Artificial Intelligence Structure Bio-Inspired Sensors  Bio-inspired Actuators Combing these we are making biomimetic robots….. Insects, Dragonfly's, Birds……..(Where) ………………………….. Humanoid Robots……. which will perform as like Human
  15. 15. Locomotion's in Robots         Crawling (To move slowly on the hands and knees or by dragging the body along the ground ) Walking (2Leg,4Leg) Climbing Swimming Jumping Flying Grasping drilling
  16. 16. Control Architecture Self Learning Robots  Evolving Robots  Collective Robots (Swarm) 
  17. 17. Current Advancement FESTO Albatross  PETMAN – Robotic Soldier (30 DOF)  Resistive & Capacitive Skin 
  18. 18. Applications Defense (where the most funding goes…..)  Entertainment (AZIMO by HONDA)  Search and Rescue  Underwater Research (95% oceans are still mystery)  Industrial Application (Human hand is the most versatile)  Nanotechnology  Aerospace (Aerial Photography) 
  19. 19. Reference Handbook of Robotics – Springer  Wikipedia  Google  Festo.com  Boston Dynamics etc. 
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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