เทคโนโลยีอวกาศ

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เทคโนโลยีอวกาศ

  1. 1. The Earth) 12,756 150 8Solar System) 96
  2. 2. Stars) Proxima Centauri)40 4.2 Galaxy) 2,000 1 1 3 2 3
  3. 3. galaxies) Supercluster) Group) Cluster)" The Local Group) The local supercluster) 10 2 Virgo cluster)Andromeda galaxy) 2.3 50 65
  4. 4. Universe) "Big Bang) 13,000
  5. 5. A) B) C)“ ” (free fall)
  6. 6. 1
  7. 7. Rocket) Gravity) 9.82 3“ ” 2 2
  8. 8. 3
  9. 9. 9.8 2 “” (Multistage rocket) Force) mass) 2:
  10. 10. 4 SR-71, X-15 Space ShuttleX-15, SR-71 Space Shuttle)SR-71 3X-15 6.7
  11. 11. 5)5
  12. 12. Payload) Missile) Spacecraft) Satellite)
  13. 13. Space Station) ISS(International Space Station) 6 ISS)
  14. 14. 5) 7
  15. 15. 7)
  16. 16. Spacecraft) Manned spacecraft) Unmanned Spacecraft)Space shuttle)
  17. 17. NASA 50 Nauticalmiles (92.6 80 Nautical miles (130 1-2 2 Bus Payload 1 BUS 6
  18. 18. Structure) - Carbon Fibers Plasma) -1358 30 - 6
  19. 19. 1.2 Power) - Solar cell) Primary Source) Silicon GaAs) 16 24
  20. 20. - Battery : Secondary Source) Solar cell Eclipse) 2 21 Spring Equinox Vernal Equinox 23 Autumn Equinox 22 90 72LEO) 14-15 550 36 4 2 20
  21. 21. 10 45 ; - 3055 - 1.4In-Orbit Propulsion Equipment) - - 3 Coldgas Mono-Propellant Thrusters)Bi-Propellant Thrusters
  22. 22. - Low Power Thruster )(2 - 3 2-3 - Medium and HighPower Thruster) (100 - 10,000 Kick Motor - 10 - 15
  23. 23. 2 - Spin Stabilization) Spin StabilizationThaicom - 1A, Thaicom - 2 Palapa - B4
  24. 24. - Three Axis Stabilization BodyStabilization) Momentum Wheels) 3 Sensor) Thaicom-3
  25. 25. 1.6 Tracking Telemetry and Command TT&C)Mode of Operation)
  26. 26. 0 180 Inclination) Incline Orbit) Ascending) 1 Equatorial Orbit) - 0 InternationalTelecommunication Union ITU 0 5
  27. 27. - 35,780 24 - 2 -Polar Orbit) - 90 - , , ,
  28. 28. 3 Direct PosigradeOrbit) - 00 - 90 0 - , Navigation/ GPS) 4 Indirect Retograde Orbit) - 900 - 180 0 - Remote Sensing) -
  29. 29. - 63.4 1000 39,420 Satellite OrbitAltitude) 3 1 Low Earth Orbit "LEO") - 1,000 - , - - Polar Orbit) -
  30. 30. 2 Medium Earth Orbit"MEO") - 1,000 - 3 Geostationary Earth Orbit"GEO") - - 35,780 -Equatorial Orbit) -
  31. 31. Infrared telescope) RadioTelescope) Optical telescope 2
  32. 32. primarymirror) Yerkes Observatory)
  33. 33. 11
  34. 34. NewtonianReflecter) 45 Cassigrain Reflecter) secondary mirror)
  35. 35. correcterplate)
  36. 36. 110
  37. 37. 2
  38. 38. azimuth) altitude)
  39. 39. Polar axis)Declination axis) - 1 1
  40. 40. Goddard SpaceFlight Center) Maryland)Space Telescope Science Institute)Baltimal) Reaction Wheels “ Tracking
  41. 41. - 9- 24- 2.4- Secondary Mirror)- 13 . 1- 4.3- 12 . 1 X2.4 http://hubblesite.org
  42. 42. - 610- 95- 27,700- 15- 1.5- 1997 2 Space ShuttleDiscovery) Mars Pathfinder)- 1999 Energatic Gamma-Ray Burster )- 2002
  43. 43. - 2002- 1995 Eagle Nebula)- 1999 Energatic Gamma-Ray Burster )- 2002- 1994 - 9 (Shoemaker – Levy 9 )
  44. 44. - 1993 Space Walk)“ COSTAR) “- 1999 Energatic Gamma-Ray Burster )- 2002- 1990 Space Shuttle Encleaver)
  45. 45. Sphereical Aberration) Main Mirror)- 1992 Massive Blackhole) M87- 1946 Lyman Spitzer )- 1977 NASA)
  46. 46. Horizon) Zenith)1990 “ ” CCDCamera) Near
  47. 47. http://www.tps.ac.th/~lop/astro/index_files/page0008.htmhttp://www.krugoo.net/archives/category/%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A8%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%95%E0%B8%A3%E0%B9%8C%E0%B9%81%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%B0%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A8/%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%B5%E0%B9%888-%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%84%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%99%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%A5%E0
  48. 48. 1)
  49. 49. Gravity)
  50. 50. 2
  51. 51. 3
  52. 52. 4
  53. 53. 5
  54. 54. 6
  55. 55. -
  56. 56. 7
  57. 57. (Weather Satellites)GSM-3 35,800 NOAA-8 NOAA-9 840-960 2 ( 1-8)
  58. 58. 8
  59. 59. -1
  60. 60. 9
  61. 61. 10

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