Acode 48 Emerging Technologies


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Presentation at the ACODE 48 workshop. Norwegian governmental e-learning project involving open content, new technoligiers.

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  • Hello, good morning everyone. Most of you I have already meet and
  • Acode 48 Emerging Technologies

    1. 1. (translated: education) Trond Håvard Hanssen [email_address] Head of Department ‘Learning resources and pedagogical use of ICT’ The Department’s goal is to: ”Help the individual with self-education by making digital learning resources more accessible ” Tromsø, the world’s nothernmost university city. Picture taken: 12:05 AM
    2. 2. <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short presentation of the Norwegian education system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short presentation of and our services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges when cooperation with universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A presentation of a new learning content project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questions, comments </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>All Universities and most University colleges and High schools are owned by the government </li></ul><ul><li>All courses/studies on government owned institutions are free of cost </li></ul><ul><li>All school books in lower levels including High school are free (All levels except universities) </li></ul><ul><li>Norway has 3 official languages Norwegian, New-Norwegian and Sami ( indigenous people ) </li></ul><ul><li>Norway has a small population (<5 mill). The market for producing educational content in the languages spoken is tiny. This market needs financial stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>The Norwegian educational sector has a centralized identity provider. </li></ul><ul><li>All educational content produced for lower levels has to be duplicated in both Norwegian and New Norwegian </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li> is a website owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research </li></ul><ul><li>The website is a national common gateway that provides easy access to everything you need to know about education </li></ul><ul><li> has no governing authority but is coordinating The Norwegian Cooperation of Websites in the Educational sector (SANU) </li></ul><ul><li>Our user groups are teachers and students from all ages (primary, secondary, high school, college, universities) </li></ul><ul><li> website is all designed on open source software </li></ul><ul><li>(staff: about 25 in total, and 9 in “ Learning resources and pedagogical use of ICT” ) </li></ul><ul><li> , Google translate version of the website </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>The website is mainly a metadata portal, the key services that we offer are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A national centralized repository with Course descriptions of “all” educations in Norway (course description metadata). CDM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A national centralized repository of learning object metadata (LOM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A framework for learning-content publishing (new!) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google translation of GUI: Courses , Learning content </li></ul>
    6. 6. Course providers University College Learning content Producers High school Publishing companies Teachers Learning content repository Course description directory Design companies Learning content Publishing
    7. 7. <ul><li>Harvesting Course description metadata. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of pilot institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data import directly from the their administration software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the institutional advantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status: Well working cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning object metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of pilot projects: Harvest those projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Custom dataflow (the goal is directly from the institutional LMS or repository) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the institutional advantages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status: only pilot projects, several issues to be solved </li></ul></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>It has been much harder to “sell” the concept of a national centralized learning content archive to the universities </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of domain specific sharing communities is more appealing than the big national repository </li></ul><ul><li>This type of initiatives has to evolve as a bottom up approach. </li></ul><ul><li>The institutions’ managements are slightly skeptical due to competition with other universities </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers like the idea of sharing but can’t find the time to do it </li></ul><ul><li>They are more skeptical of sharing educational content than research-based content </li></ul><ul><li>The teachers get economical and career development advantages when sharing research content but not when sharing educational content </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>The institutions have most of the educational content confined inside their LMS/VLE </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t have institutional control of the content </li></ul><ul><li>They have a LMS / VLE software that is not suitable for content sharing </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t have an extensive use of metadata tagging of their content </li></ul><ul><li>University teachers are much more concerned about licensing than lower level teachers </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li> offers this as a service for external editorial groups </li></ul><ul><li>By now it is offered to a cooperation of local governments. They use it for three different subjects at high school (soon 10 subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Their ambition is to make the content so comprehensive that it could (not Should) replace the traditional (paper) books </li></ul><ul><li>The content is partly produced by teachers and partly bought from publishing companies, broadcasting companies etc. </li></ul><ul><li>This is not a LMS (all content is open, no student / course management) </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is to have user participation thru Web. 2.0 </li></ul>
    11. 14. <ul><li>Multimedia learning-content with text, pictures, Flash, Video (streaming) etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Animations, Multiple choice, Interactive assignments </li></ul><ul><li>All media contents are tagged separately, searchable and reusable. </li></ul><ul><li>Classification and search based on each goal from the curriculum objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy filtered search based on IMS LOM field. (NORLOM) </li></ul>
    12. 15. <ul><li>Login / authentication with the use of a national educational identity provider. (Feide) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative commons licensing (and GNU FDL) with icons </li></ul><ul><li>Tip a friend functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Printer friendly presentation with support for chapters and a complete book print (and PDF) </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic Speech (We are now testing how to use those as podcasts) </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-language support (Three different Norwegian languages) </li></ul><ul><li>Coming soon wikibased user participation </li></ul>
    13. 16. <ul><li>All content was out on announcement of tender but: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only isolated learning objects and not the hole compound of the curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only open content and preferably Creative commons license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> several big publishing companies did not participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Big debate about the publishing marked, the role of the government and licensing scheme </li></ul></ul>
    14. 18. <ul><li>Questions, Comments, discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks for your attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trond Håvard Hanssen [email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>The ministry is these days working on a a reorganization and wants to make a new new sentralized organisation similar to becta in the U.K </li></ul><ul><ul><li> (Edna) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feide (Identity provider) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norgesuniversitetet (ACODE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NSSL (AICTEC) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A directory containing information about almost every bachelor’s, master’s and individual courses from: University, College, High school, Technical/Vocational college and County college </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata descriptions are harvested from external sources </li></ul><ul><li>The most common data flow comes directly from the institution’s administration software </li></ul>
    17. 21. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>NORLOM (Norwegian IMS LOM profile) (Australia: ANZ-LOM and vetadata) </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest metadata from learning-content producers and smaller collections </li></ul><ul><li>Service oriented architecture that will offer services to external partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Import : OAI-PMH, custom API, LOM files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Export: OAI-PMH, RSS, ATOM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are now offering to have the search within the VLE/LMS software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search: SRU, RSS, Search box’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search engine optimization is important </li></ul>
    18. 22. We are redesigning our website and the new GUI would look somthing like this.