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Akuntabilitas Dalam Kerangka Akuntabilitas Global


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Disampaikan dalam FGD RUU Akuntabilitas
Kementerian PAN & Reformasi Birokrasi
Jakarta, 24 Mei 2011

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Akuntabilitas Dalam Kerangka Akuntabilitas Global

  1. 1. AkuntabilitasdlmKerangka Global Accountability<br />Tri Widodo W Utomo<br />DisampaikandalamFGD RUU Akuntabilitas<br />Kementerian PAN & ReformasiBirokrasi<br />Jakarta, 24 Mei 2011<br />PKMK LAN-RI<br />
  2. 2. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Accountabilitydefined …<br /><ul><li>The processes through which an organization makes a commitment to respond to and balance the needs of stakeholders in its decision making processes and activities, and delivers against that commitment.</li></ul>(One World Trust’s Global Accountability Framework, 2005)<br /><ul><li>It is not a theoretical pursuit; it’s about holding power to account and enabling people to input into the decisions affecting them in their daily lives.</li></ul>(Robert Lloyd, Jeffrey Oatham and Michael Hammer, 2007, Global Accountability Report).<br />
  3. 3. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Accountabilitydefined …<br /><ul><li>Suatukondisidimanaseseorangygmemilikidanmenggunakansesuatukewenangantertentudiharapkandapatdikendalikandanternyatadapatdibatasiruanglingkuppenggunaankekuasaandankewenangannyaituolehintrumenataualatpengendalianeksternal, termasukolehsistemnilai internal ygberlakudalaminstitusiybs.</li></ul> (McKinney and Howard, 1979, Public Administration: Balancing Power and Accountability).<br />
  4. 4. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Accountabilitydefined …<br /><ul><li>Accountability is the lowest cost, most practical, and most productive form of risk management and quality assurance that can be implemented across an organization.</li></ul>(Mike Myatt, Why Accountability Matters, N2growth)<br /><ul><li>To account for something is to explain or justify the acts, omissions, risks and dependencies for which one is responsible to people with a legitimate interest .</li></ul>(The Institute of Social and Ethical AccountAbility, 1999, AccountAbility 1000 (AA1000) Framework: Standards, Guidelines and Professional Qualification, UK)<br />
  5. 5. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability<br />(AA1000)<br />Transparency<br />Complaint & Response<br />Participation<br />Accountability = f (Tr+Res+Com)<br />Evaluation<br />
  6. 6. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability<br />Transparencyconcerns the duty to account to those with a legitimate interest – the stakeholders in the organization. <br />Responsiveness concerns responsibility of the organization for its acts and omissions, including the processes of decision-making and the results of these decisions. Responsiveness entails a responsibility to develop the organization's processes and targets to support the continuous improvement of the organization's performance,<br />Responsiveness concerns the duty to comply with agreed standards regarding both organizational policies and practices, and the reporting of policies and performance.<br />
  7. 7. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Source of control & expectation<br />External<br />Internal<br />High<br />Degree of control & autonomy<br />Low<br />Dimensions of Accountability<br />(Romzek & Dubnick, 1987)<br />
  8. 8. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability<br />(GAR)<br />Transparency<br />Complaint & Response<br />Participation<br />Accountability = f (Tr+Par+Ev+CR)<br />Evaluation<br />
  9. 9. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability - 1<br />Transparencyis the provision of accessible and timely information to stakeholders and the opening up of organizational procedures, structures, and processes to their assessments. Doing so enables stakeholders to monitor an organization’s activities and hold it to account for its commitments, actions, and decisions. Its criteria includes:<br />Respond to all information requests within a certain timeframe and justify denials;<br /> Identify a narrowly defined set of conditions for non disclosure of information;<br /> Have in place an appeals process for denied information requests.<br />
  10. 10. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability - 2<br />Participationis the active engagement of both internal and external stakeholders in the decisions and activities that affect them. At a minimum, participation must include the ability to influence decision making, not just seek approval or acceptance of a decision or activity. Its criteria includes:<br />Clearly identify the activities and level (operational, policy, strategy) at which stakeholders can expect to be engaged;<br /> Communicate in a timely manner the purpose of any engagement and the scope for stakeholder influence;<br /> Disclose the outcomes of engagement, unless requested not to by stakeholders;<br /> Change policy or practice as a result of engagement or else provide an explanation to stakeholders why the input was not taken on board.<br />
  11. 11. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability - 3<br />Evaluation is the process through which an organization monitors and reviews its progress against goals and objectives, feeds learning from this into future planning, and reports on the results of the process. Evaluation ensures that an organization learns from and is accountable for its performance. Its criteria includes:<br />Engage external stakeholders in the evaluation of activities that impact them<br /> Use evaluation results to inform future decision making<br /> Be open and transparent about evaluation results<br /> Evaluate performance in relation to strategic plan, internal administrative and management policies, issues specific policies, and operations<br />
  12. 12. PKMK LAN-RI<br />Dimensions of Accountability - 4<br />Complaint & Response are channels developed by organizations that enable stakeholders to file complaints on issues of non-compliance or against decisions and actions, and that ensure such complaints are properly reviewed and acted upon. Its criteria includes:<br />Maintain confidentiality of external complainants;<br /> Guarantee non-retaliation;<br /> Provide a clear description of how external complaints can be made and how they will be investigated;<br /> Ensure independence of those assessing, investigating, and responding to external complaints; <br /> Have in place an appeals process for external complaints unsatisfied with the outcome of an investigation.<br />
  13. 13. PKMK LAN-RI<br />SkorAkuntabilitasIGO’s 2007<br />
  14. 14. akuntabilitas = akumulasifungsimanajemenpublik<br />
  15. 15. Tri Widodo W. Utomo<br />PKMK LAN-RI<br />Thank You …<br /><br /><br /><br />