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Regulatory Updates and Initiatives


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Regulatory Updates and Initiatives

  1. 1. Regulatory Updates and Initiatives Triumvirate Environmental April 9, 2009
  2. 2. Today’s Speakers <ul><li>Sandra J. Perry, Triumvirate Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consulting Services and Treatment Technologies Manager / Principal Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rick Foote, Triumvirate Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior Environmental Compliance Advisor and Industrial Consulting Services Manager, New England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AND FEATURING: </li></ul><ul><li>William Taylor, Esq., Pierce Atwood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Attorney – Practice Areas: water law, waste discharge, NPDES, stormwater, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stephen Perkins, U.S. EPA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deputy Regional Administrator of EPA’s New England Office; Dir. Office of Ecosystem Protection </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Today’s Topics <ul><li>EPCRA </li></ul><ul><li>TURA </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenhouse Gas Initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States – New England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Greenhouse Gas Initiative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MassDEP Proposed Regulation Amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MassDEP Proposed Air Permit Streamlining </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Today’s Topics <ul><li>Hazardous Waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed MassDEP Hazardous Waste Regs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed Universal Waste – Addition of Pharmaceuticals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Proposed Lab Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NH – Adoption of Nitro Exemption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil SPCC – Dec 2008 Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater and Storm Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MassDEP Sewer Users Mercury Prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NPDES Non-Contact Cooling Water General Permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial StormWater </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EPA Audit Policy – Interim Approach </li></ul>
  5. 5. Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know Act and MassDEP Toxics Use Reduction
  6. 6. EPCRA – Chemical Inventory Reporting <ul><li>Tier I and Tier II Forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed from CFR, now on EPA website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAICS code required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical or common name on MSDS must be provided </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Chemical Inventory Reporting for Chemicals in Mixtures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Threshold quantity determination for EHSs must be total quantity of pure form and in mixtures </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. EPCRA – Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Reporting (TRI) <ul><li>Effective for July 1, 2009 filing deadline </li></ul><ul><li>All reports on persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) chemicals must be submitted on &quot;Form R&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>For all other chemicals, Form A may be used if the annual reporting amount is 500 lbs or less and less than 1 million pounds manufactured, processed or otherwise used. </li></ul><ul><li>(3,500 additional facilities nationwide are now required to report) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Massachusetts Toxic Use Reduction Act – Planning Amendments <ul><li>October 2007- voted to add three chemicals as “higher hazard substances”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trichloroethylene (TCE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmium compounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>301 CMR 41.00 (Toxic or Hazardous Substance List) amended on December 28, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Effective for reporting year 2008  </li></ul>
  9. 9. What facilities are affected? <ul><li>Applicability Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TURA-covered SIC or NAICS codes, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use 1,000 pounds or more of these higher hazard substances in 2008 or subsequent years, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employ at least 10 full-time employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must report on use, </li></ul><ul><li>Pay a fee, and </li></ul><ul><li>Submit reduction plans to MassDEP beginning with reporting year 2008 </li></ul>
  10. 10. When are reports, fees, and plans due? <ul><li>2008 Toxics Use reports due July 1, 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MassDEP assesses toxics use fees based on the reports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continued use above the reporting threshold requires preparation of a Toxics Use Reduction Plan by July 1, 2010 and every two years thereafter. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Air Emissions Greenhouse Gas Initiatives
  12. 12. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative <ul><li>The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, Inc. (RGGI, Inc.) – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-profit corporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO2 Budget Trading Programs – ten participating states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fossil fuel electricity generators </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative <ul><li>RGGI, Inc. provides technical and support services for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development and maintenance of a data reporting system to track CO2 allowances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of a platform to auction CO2 allowances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring the market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing technical assistance for emissions offset projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing technical assistance to evaluate proposed changes to the states' RGGI programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate Registry General Reporting Protocol – emission factors </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ten States Involved with RGGI <ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Maine </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Vermont </li></ul><ul><li>The first mandatory cap-and-trade program in the United States to reduce global warming gas emissions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cap-and-Trade System <ul><li>Market-based cap and trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set amount of allowances for CO 2 emissions are issued through auctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 allowance= X tons of CO 2 emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facilities can buy, sell and trade allowances for current market value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentive to abate emissions and sell allowances for $ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies that can’t afford to abate; purchase more allowances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gradually the number of allowances being introduced into the market will decrease </li></ul><ul><li>RESULT: Emitters are forced to permanently lower emissions </li></ul>
  16. 16. Greenhouse Gases – States
  17. 17. New England States <ul><li>VT – Proposed CO2 Budget Trading Program (to establish the Vermont component of the RGGI </li></ul><ul><li>NH – Proposed Voluntary Greenhouse Gas Emissions Registry and CO2 Budget Trading, Offset Projects and Allowance Auction Programs </li></ul><ul><li>CT – Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program and Emission Offset Projects; Final rules effective July 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>ME – Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Act of 2007; Budget Trading Program and Auction Provisions; First in the nation carbon emissions allowance auction (Sept. 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>RI – Implementation of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Act; Budget Trading Program and Trading Allowance Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>MA - Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008 </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Applicability  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title V Facilities under the Federal Clean Air Act (implemented under 310 CMR 7.00: Appendix C) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities that emit greater than 5,000 tons/year Carbon Dioxide Equivalent (CO2e) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All retail sellers of electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>electric distribution companies, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>municipal electric departments, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>municipal light boards, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>competitive suppliers </li></ul></ul></ul>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008
  19. 19. Fuel Usage Reporting Thresholds <ul><li>The emission factors are based on the Climate Registry's General Reporting Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 short tons of CO2 would be produced by burning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8.3 million cubic feet of natural gas ( emission factor 0.0546 kg CO2/standard cubic foot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>421,000 gallons of #1, 2 or 4 fuel oil (emission factor 10.15 kg CO2/gallon). </li></ul></ul>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008
  20. 20. MassDEP – Implementation Deadlines <ul><li>January 1, 2009: Prepare to collect and retain information needed to calculate and document CO2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>April 15, 2009: Register with MassDEP </li></ul><ul><li>April 15, 2010: Report 2009 CO2 emissions from the combustion of fuels </li></ul><ul><li>April 15, 2011: Report 2010 emissions of all 6 greenhouse gases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CO2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrous oxide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydroflurocarbons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfluorocarbons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur hexafluoride </li></ul></ul>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008
  21. 21. MassDEP Proposed Revised Rules – March 10, 2009 <ul><li>Revised the definition section </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Added new items including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approved Verification Body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biogenic Greenhouse Gas Emission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emission Source </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Applicability – added only 2009 CO2 emissions need to be considered for reporting in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Added to the reporting requirements to include Tiering and estimation rules from the Climate Registry’s General Reporting Protocol </li></ul>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008
  22. 22. MassDEP Proposed Revised Rules -March 10, 2009 <ul><li>Added the following sections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements for Certification, Recordkeeping and Public Release of Facility Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triennial Verification of Facility Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Reporting by Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting Requirements for Electricity Providers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Hearing to be held on April 30 th </li></ul>MassDEP Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Emergency Regulation – Dec. 2008
  23. 23. Greenhouse Gases - EPA
  24. 24. Proposed EPA Greenhouse Gas Initiative <ul><li>Reporting threshold is 25,000 metric tons of CO2 per facility per year </li></ul><ul><li>- Schools/Universities are not exempted </li></ul><ul><li>- An estimated 13,000 facilities will be required to report </li></ul><ul><li>- Industries include suppliers of fossil fuel and industrial chemicals, manufacturers of motor vehicles and engines, and large direct emitters of greenhouse gases </li></ul><ul><li>First report due in 2011 for calendar year 2010, except for vehicle and engine manufacturers which would begin reporting for model year 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated cost for private sector is $160 million for the first year and $127 million each subsequent year ($13K/facility) </li></ul><ul><li>April 24, 2009 Deadline for Written Comments </li></ul>
  25. 25. MassDEP Regulation Amendments - VOCs
  26. 26. MassDEP VOC Amendments, Consumer Products, & Solvent Metal Degreasing <ul><li>March 6, 2009- 310 CMR 7.10 and 7.18(8) emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)  </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer products manufacturers - DEP will now recognize an Alternative Compliance Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allows averaging of VOC emissions among a group of products  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold Cleaning Degreaser Exemptions </li></ul>
  27. 27. MassDEP Boiler, Engine, Turbine, and ERP Amendments – December 2007 <ul><li>ERP – Environmental Results Program </li></ul><ul><li>Applicability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An owner/operator who installs, after March 23, 2006: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an emergency engine with a rated power output > 37 kW, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an emergency combustion turbine with a rated power output < one MW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Emission limits </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Clean fuel </li></ul><ul><li>300 hours cap </li></ul><ul><li>Non-turnback hour counter </li></ul><ul><li>No pre-construction plan approval </li></ul><ul><li>Submit certification within 60 days </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for quick replacement </li></ul>
  28. 28. EPA Emergency Generators – Fuel Criteria <ul><li>October 1, 2010 - Stationary Compression Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (CI ICE) sources with a displacement of less than 30 liters/cylinder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>must use non-road diesel fuel that meets sulfur content, cetane index, and maximum aromatic content requirements (40 CFR 80.510(b)) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. MassDEP Proposed Air Permit Streamlining Regulations
  30. 30. MassDEP Proposed Air Permit Streamlining <ul><li>MassDEP proposes to amend 310 CMR 7.02 Plan Approval and Emission Limitations including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifies procedures to allow administrative amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases the threshold for a Non-Major CPA from five to ten tons per 12-month period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows consolidation of multiple plan approvals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elaborates on the emission control requirements for plan approval, specifically BACT </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. MassDEP – Proposed Revisions to Hazardous Waste Regulations
  32. 32. Proposed MassDEP Haz Waste Regs – December 2008 <ul><li>6 public hearings held in December 2008; comment period ended 12/19/08 </li></ul><ul><li>Current status: To be finalized in April 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Revised definition of oil and used waste oil (310 CMR 30.010) </li></ul><ul><li>Crime of moral turpitude defined (310 CMR 30.813(3)) </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest definition – correction </li></ul>
  33. 33. Proposed MassDEP Haz Waste Regs – December 2008 <ul><li>Adoption of federal exclusion for medicinal nitroglycerine (310 CMR 30.104) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently regulated as a listed hazardous waste under 310 CMR 30.136 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial adoption of 40 CFR 261.3(g)(1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished dosage forms, e.g., tablets or capsules, may be disposed as a non-hazardous waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emptied dosage bottles and packages will no longer need to be triple-rinsed to be considered “empty” and also a non-hazardous waste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MassDEP agrees with EPA that finished dosage forms do not exhibit hazardous waste characteristic </li></ul>
  34. 34. Proposed MassDEP Haz Waste Regs – December 2008 <ul><li>Recyclable material shipments (310 CMR 30.010, 30.222(1), 30.222(4)(b) and 30.223(3) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarification that shipments sent off the site of generation must go DIRECTLY to the appropriate authorized facility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shipments and transportation of Class A Regulated Recyclable Materials (RRMs) </li></ul><ul><li>Signage requirements for accumulation areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed references to NFPA Code for signage </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Proposed MassDEP Haz Waste Regs – December 2008 <ul><li>Clarification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>off-spec used oil fuel cannot be shipped to a B(3) facility that is only permitted to accept specification used oil fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a marketer may ship to another marketer or to a burner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a generator of specification used oil fuel shipped using a marketer/transporter does not need a Class A permit </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. U.S. EPA & NH DES Hazardous/Universal Waste Rule Amendments
  37. 37. EPA Proposed Amendment to the Universal Waste Rule – Addition of Pharmaceuticals <ul><li>Proposed Dec. 2, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Comment period extended until March 4, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Defines “pharmaceutical” </li></ul><ul><li>Waste determination: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P-listed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U-listed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Could affect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharmacies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physician’s offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other healthcare practitioners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outpatient care centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambulatory health care services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential care facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary clinics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reverse distributors </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. EPA Proposed Amendment to the Universal Waste Rule – Addition of Pharmaceuticals <ul><li>Exceptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syringes containing residue of a P- or U- listed drug hazardous waste only if the residue exhibits a hazardous waste characteristic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epinephrine salts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinal nitroglycerin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accumulation time limit </li></ul><ul><li>Small and large quantity handlers </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking shipments </li></ul><ul><li>Employee training </li></ul>
  39. 39. NH DES – Hazardous Waste Rule Amendments <ul><li>Env-Hw 401.03 Exemptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(b)(24)Nitroglycerine listed as PO81 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used for medicinal purposes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does not exhibit a hazardous waste characteristic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Effective Jan. 28, 2009 </li></ul>
  40. 40. U.S. EPA – “Lab Rule” Adoption
  41. 41. EPA “Lab Rule” <ul><li>Dec. 1, 2008 – Part 262 Subpart K </li></ul><ul><li>Alters and relieves several traditional RCRA standards for labs in “eligible academic entities” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleges and universities, teaching hospitals, or non-profit research institutions with formal affiliation agreement with a college or university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only applicable in laboratory areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based on Laboratories XL Project (Boston College, UMV, UMass) </li></ul>
  42. 42. EPA “Lab Rule” <ul><li>Example provisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulation of unwanted chemicals/chemical waste for up to 6 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excludes annual lab clean-outs from hazardous waste generator status determination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible container labeling and accumulation start date marking standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delegation of hazardous waste determination responsibilities form lab personnel to trained individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optional standard - requires written Laboratory Management Plan </li></ul>
  43. 43. EPA “Lab Rule” √ Department of Environmental Protection New Jersey √ Department of Environmental Conservation New York √ Department of Environmental Management Rhode Island √ Department of Environmental Protection Connecticut √ Department of Environmental Services New Hampshire √ Department of Environmental Conservation Vermont √ Department of Environmental Protection Maine Department of Environmental Protection Massachusetts Northeast Region Haven’t Decided Not Likely to Adopt Likely to Adopt by 2010 Lab Rule Promulgation Forecast Regulatory Agency State
  44. 44. Federal Oil SPCC Regulations
  45. 45. Oil SPCC – 2008 Amendments <ul><li>Amends the facility security requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Amends integrity testing for bulk storage containers for greater flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Sector-specific changes for agriculture and oil production facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Amends integrity testing requirements for certain types of animal fat or vegetable oil </li></ul>
  46. 46. Oil SPCC – Dec. 2008 Amendments <ul><li>UPDATE: Effective date extended to JANUARY 14, 2010; comment period ends May 1, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Streamlining and additional flexibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tier I Qualified Facilities <10,000 gallon AST and largest tank no greater than 5000 gallons may use EPA Plan Template and Self-Certify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amends the definition of “facility” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amends the facility diagram requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines “loading/unloading rack” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amends the general secondary containment requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exempts non-transportation-related tank trucks from sized secondary containment requirements </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Wastewater and Storm Water Updates – State and Federal
  48. 48. NPDES Non-Contact Cooling Water (NCCW) General Permit – MA and NH <ul><li>Effective July 31, 2008; 5 year term </li></ul><ul><li>Replaces General Permits expired on April 25, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Covers direct dischargers up to 1 MGD (with exceptions) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes permit eligibility, NOI requirements, effluent limits, standards, prohibitions and management practices </li></ul><ul><li>NOI must be submitted to both EPA and State Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Individual permit may be required </li></ul>
  49. 49. NPDES NCCW General Permit Conditions <ul><li>Monitoring, weekly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discharge temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water body temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, monthly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Residual Chlorine (water-quality based limit based on dilution ratio) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute Toxicity (LC50 & C-NOEC,%) – at request of agency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Technology Available (BAT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor and management program for impinged fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOI must include a facility-specific BTA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recordkeeping and reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monthly DMRs </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. MassDEP Sewer User Regulatory Requirements – revised 2007 <ul><li>MassDEP Permits for Industrial Sewer Users (applications were due in Jan. 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury prohibition: 1 ppb (effective May 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Performance standard: pH limits narrowed to 5 – 10 su </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting on toxic pollutants forthcoming </li></ul>
  51. 51. Who Does the Mercury Prohibition Rule Apply to? <ul><li>All industrial wastewater dischargers located outside the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA) sewer service area </li></ul>
  52. 52. Including but not Limited to… <ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>Medical schools/laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Airports </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial laundries </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial physical and biological research </li></ul><ul><li>Electric and gas production </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance facilities for motor freight transport </li></ul><ul><li>Dry-cleaning, carpet, upholstery cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Automotive services </li></ul>
  53. 53. What are the requirements? 314 CMR 7.05 - Section 2.f <ul><li>July 12, 2007 – Determine possible sources of mercury in the discharge and take all reasonable steps to eliminate the mercury </li></ul><ul><li>May 1, 2009 – No industrial user shall introduce into a POTW or its wastewater collection system the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than one part per billion (ppb) mercury </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Reminder… <ul><li>This is a Massachusetts DEP regulation…you must also comply with local sewer use ordinances and permits issued by the local POTW! </li></ul>
  55. 55. Storm Water – Industrial Activities <ul><li>MA and NH - EPA NPDES MSGP (Sept. 29, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>CT – General Permit Renewal without modifications; effective April 1, 2009 – expires Sept. 30, 2010. (March 21, 2009; comments due April 21, 2009) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New registration and fee of $300 required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ME – General Permit reissued Oct. 11, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>VT – General Permit issued Aug. 18, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>RI – MSGP effective May 1, 2006 </li></ul>
  56. 56. EPA Multi-Sector General Permit – Stormwater from Industrial Activities (Sept. 2008) <ul><li>Notice of Intent – additional information required </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmark monitoring values updated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmark monitoring schedule changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storm event criteria changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmark exceedence corrective action requirements </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. EPA Multi-Sector General Permit – Stormwater from Industrial Activities (Sept. 2008) <ul><li>MSGP Corrective Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions Requiring Review and Revision to Eliminate Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions Requiring Review to Determine if Modifications are Necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water-Quality Based Control Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Numeric Technology Based Effluent Limits </li></ul>
  58. 58. Storm Water – Construction Activities <ul><li>MA – Joint NPDES Construction General Permit </li></ul><ul><li>CT – Stormwater Construction General Permit 10/1/08 </li></ul><ul><li>ME – Maine Construction General Permit; expired 1/20/08 – administrative continuance </li></ul><ul><li>NH – EPA NPDES Construction General Permit </li></ul><ul><li>VT – Construction General Permit; amended Feb. 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>RI – General Permit for Construction Activities 9/26/08 </li></ul>
  59. 59. EPA Interim Approach to Applying the Audit Policy to New Owners
  60. 60. Interim Approach - Audit Policy <ul><li>“ New Owner” – prior to the transaction the new owner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>was not responsible for environmental compliance, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>did not cause violations being disclosed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>could not have prevented occurrence, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The violation must have originated with the prior owner, and </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to transaction , neither buyer or seller had the largest ownership share of the other entity or a common corporate parent </li></ul>
  61. 61. EPA Audit Policy – Interim Approach (8/1/08) <ul><li>New owners – incentive to address environmental noncompliance that began prior to acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives include penalty mitigation beyond what the Audit Policy provides </li></ul><ul><li>New owners remain eligible for the Interim approach up to nine months after the transaction closing date </li></ul><ul><li>Upfront Audit Agreement with EPA or Disclosure within 21 days of discovery or within 45 days of the closing (whichever is shorter) </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Self-Disclosure available </li></ul>
  62. 62. Interim Approach – Audit Policy: Which new owners should consider it? <ul><li>May already be auditing and assessing their new facilities </li></ul><ul><li>May have funding available to fix problems </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to manage and reduce risk by addressing and disclosing noncompliance </li></ul>
  63. 63. Interim Approach – Audit Policy: Which new owners may not be interested? <ul><li>May still have to pay substantial civil penalties, unless economic benefit portion is insignificant </li></ul><ul><li>When many/complex new facilities are involved may be difficult to have a reasonable idea of the extent of noncompliance issues </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns about how EPA will treat self-disclosures </li></ul>
  64. 64. Interim Approach – Audit Policy: Nine Criteria <ul><li>Systematic Discovery Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Discovery Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Prompt Disclosure Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery and Disclosure Independent of Government of 3 rd Party </li></ul><ul><li>Correction and Remediation Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent Recurrence </li></ul><ul><li>No Repeat Violations Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Other Violations Excluded Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul>
  65. 65. Interim Approach – Audit Policy: Economic Benefit <ul><li>No penalties assessed against new owner for the period before the acquisition date </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties will be assessed for economic benefit associated with avoided operation and maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties will not be assessed against delayed capital expenditures if violations are corrected in accordance with Audit Policy (within 60 days) </li></ul><ul><li>EPA reserves the right to assess any economic benefit even when all Audit Policy conditions are met </li></ul>
  66. 66. Other <ul><li>MA New Vapor Intrusion Guidance (groundwater remediation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective: March 27, 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Groundwater Discharge regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlines existing permitting process and reduces the time it takes an applicant to obtain a groundwater discharge permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective: March 20, 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation: 310 CMR 5.00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link: </li></ul></ul>
  67. 67. Questions? <ul><li>Sandra J. Perry </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting Services Manager </li></ul><ul><li>617.686.7713 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Rick Foote </li></ul><ul><li>Senior Environmental Compliance Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>617.686.6184 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>