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Differences in 1860


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Differences in 1860

  1. 1. Differences north and south
  2. 2. Bigger & stronger •Ever since the ratification of the Constitution in 1787, the states of the North and the states of the South had been moving in different directions.
  3. 3. Bigger & stronger •The North (the Union) had become much more urban and industrial than the South (the Confederacy) and its population was twice as large, including slaves.
  4. 4. Bigger & stronger •Irish and German immigrants moving into Northern cities had helped to make 9 of the 10 largest cities in the nation Northern cities.
  5. 5. Bigger & stronger •The expansion of the railroad throughout the North had reduced the cost and the time needed to ship goods from its point of production to its point of sale.
  6. 6. Bigger & stronger •By 1860, 70% of the railroad track in the country was in the North, which aided in the growth of previously small, outpost cities, such as Chicago.
  7. 7. Bigger & stronger •Southerners still relied heavily on water transportation, despite a growing railroad system.
  8. 8. Bigger & stronger •Communication also grew more quickly in the North, as the telegraph, patented by Samuel F. B. Morse, became more and more commonplace.
  9. 9. Bigger & stronger •The telegraph wires were set up along railroad lines, and so the North used the system of dots and dashes to communicate far more effectively than the South.
  10. 10. Bigger & stronger •By 1860, the North had 110,000 factories compared to 20,000 in the South and produced over $1.6 billion worth of goods as opposed to $155 million.
  11. 11. Bigger & stronger •What this meant was that vast majority of the wealth in the country was in the North and that its economy was far more diversified than was that of the South.
  12. 12. Bigger & stronger •The North also had the superior navy, which they planned to use as part of their war strategy, known as the Anaconda Plan.
  13. 13. Bigger & stronger • The Anaconda Plan, developed by Winfield Scott, would blockade the Confederacy by shutting off water routes (Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Mississippi River) to it and divide it in two.
  14. 14. Bigger & stronger •This would eventually suffocate the Confederacy, similar to the way an anaconda suffocates its victims, and allow the Union to control the war.
  15. 15. Bigger & stronger • The problem with it was that it was a plan that was going to take time, and given that Lincoln had asked for 90-day volunteers after Fort Sumter, time was not something the Union had.
  16. 16. Some advantages •This is not to say that the Confederacy had nothing going for it.
  17. 17. Some advantages •Their greatest advantage was the leadership that existed inside the Confederate army.
  18. 18. Some advantages •There had been a long tradition of enlisting in the military, and especially the military academies, in the South, and most male citizens were skilled riders and knew how to use a rifle.
  19. 19. Some advantages •This meant that far more of their soldiers and generals had gone to the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) or West Point than those of the Union.
  20. 20. Some advantages •This would give them enormous battlefield advantages when two groups faced each other.
  21. 21. Some advantages •The other great advantage that they had was that they fought primarily a defensive war, as most of the battles took place on Confederate soil.
  22. 22. Some advantages •The Confederates saw the war as protecting their way of life and believed that eventually the Union would lose the will to fight.
  23. 23. Some advantages •Fighting on their own land meant that they knew the terrain far better than their Union opponents and would use that to their advantage.