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Yr 12 christian intro ethics

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For the Studies of Religion HSC Course
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Yr 12 christian intro ethics

  1. 1. Christian Ethics Christianity Depth Study HSC Course Monday, 28 June 2010
  2. 2. Syllabus Point Students learn to: describe and explain Christian ethical teachings on bioethics OR environmental ethics OR sexual ethics Monday, 28 June 2010
  3. 3. Describe - Provide characteristics and features Explain - Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why and/or how Monday, 28 June 2010
  4. 4. Introduction Monday, 28 June 2010
  5. 5. Introduction Christian morality is based upon the will of God. Monday, 28 June 2010
  6. 6. Introduction Christian morality is based upon the will of God. Christians believe that God’s will is known and exampled through Jesus’ life and teaching. Monday, 28 June 2010
  7. 7. Introduction Christian morality is based upon the will of God. Christians believe that God’s will is known and exampled through Jesus’ life and teaching. Humanity finds out about these teaching via the New Testament Monday, 28 June 2010
  8. 8. Christian ethics can be divided into two very different approaches. Monday, 28 June 2010
  9. 9. Christian ethics can be divided into two very different approaches. Monday, 28 June 2010
  10. 10. Christian ethics can be divided into two very different approaches. Authority Monday, 28 June 2010
  11. 11. Christian ethics can be divided into two very different approaches. Authority Monday, 28 June 2010
  12. 12. Christian ethics can be divided into two very different approaches. Authority Natural Law Monday, 28 June 2010
  13. 13. Authority Christian ethics take the following as sources of authority: Monday, 28 June 2010
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  15. 15. The Scriptures (Bible) Monday, 28 June 2010
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  17. 17. Tradition (Authority of Church leaders) Monday, 28 June 2010
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  19. 19. Experience (Inspiration of the Holy Spirit) Monday, 28 June 2010
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  21. 21. Logic (Reason) Monday, 28 June 2010
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  23. 23. Monday, 28 June 2010 ?
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  25. 25. The main issue for a Christian who attempts to follow Christian morality is exactly how the four sources of authority should be used and how are they balanced or weighted when a decision is to be made. Monday, 28 June 2010
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  27. 27. Central to Christian ethics is the concept of agape or unconditional love for all people. Agape is an empathetic attitude of caring for everyone and anyone Monday, 28 June 2010
  28. 28. “You have heard it been said, You shall love your Central part of Jesus’ neighbour, and hate your enemy. teaching But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you” Matthew 5:43-44 Monday, 28 June 2010
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  30. 30. Another central belief….. “So in everything, do onto others what you would have them do to you” Matthew 7:12 Monday, 28 June 2010
  31. 31. ..which was summarised by Paul to; “Love your neighbour as yourself. Love does no harm to its neighbour. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.” Romans 13:9-10 Monday, 28 June 2010
  32. 32. Natural Law Based upon the concept of “perfect creation” Monday, 28 June 2010
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  34. 34. The belief is that God created everything perfectly and if we study the way life works, and learn the laws of nature, we will learn how to behave. Monday, 28 June 2010
  35. 35. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Developed the philosophy of Natural Law for the Catholic (universal) Church .: the Roman Catholic Church still makes great use of Natural Law today (especially in sexual ethics) Monday, 28 June 2010
  36. 36. Aquinas wrote…. •That human nature is defined by both reason and freedom of choice. Monday, 28 June 2010
  37. 37. Aquinas wrote…. •Reason allows us to determine the will of God whilst freedom of choice allows us to follow God’s will or not. Monday, 28 June 2010
  38. 38. Aquinas wrote…. •Obviously, it is hoped that humanity will equate freedom with the responsibility to act as if we made by God .: the expectation is for humanity to follow the natural law of God! Monday, 28 June 2010
  39. 39. The 1st principle of Natural Law The first principle is to do good and not evil .: the questions that follow from this are 1) What is good? 2) What is evil? 3) How do we distinguish between good and evil behaviour? Monday, 28 June 2010
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  47. 47. Aquinas argued that if something makes us “more human” then it is morally good and right. Monday, 28 June 2010
  48. 48. He also defined what it means to be human. The general purpose of humanity is to live, work, reproduce, educate children, have an ordered society and worship God! Following from this, actions that support these purposes are good, those that deny them are bad. Monday, 28 June 2010
  49. 49. Humanity Monday, 28 June 2010
  50. 50. Monday, 28 June 2010
  51. 51. Types of Ethical issues NOTE: You will be expected to be familiar with these individual issues Monday, 28 June 2010
  52. 52. Bioethics Examples include; • Genetic Bioethics is engineering concerned with • Cloning the ethical • Transplantation questions that • Organ donation arise from the relationship • Stem cell research between medicine • Animal and life. experimentation Monday, 28 June 2010
  53. 53. Environmental Examples Issues include; • Pollution Environmental ethics deal with the • Nuclear waste quality of life in the • Greenhouse present and in the gases future. • Global warming Interrelation • Disease between us and pandemics God’s creation. Monday, 28 June 2010
  54. 54. Sexual Issues Examples include; • Masturbation Related to sex! • Contraception Issue of • Homosexuality consensual and • Adultery nonconsensual • Pornography sexual acts has • Abortion to be (also be bioethical) considered in • Rape this area. Monday, 28 June 2010
  55. 55. End † www.metatemporal.com Monday, 28 June 2010

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