Intro For Phil Group

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Intro for Philospphy Group

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  • Intro For Phil Group

    1. 1. General Stuff • Website Currently at www.tristanforsyth.com/ bmgsphilosophy (hopefully will be moved to school site) Blog@bmgsphilosophy.wordpress.com (linked/embedded into main site) • Want to get people posting on the blog!
    2. 2. What is philosophy?/Branches and types of Philosophy? Types of argument-straw man and ad hominem introduction to a community of Inquiry+community of Inquiry COI Group Presentation COI Group Presentation COI Group Presentation COI
    3. 3. An Introduction to ‘Philosophy’ “The unexamined life is not worth living.” --Socrates
    4. 4. Background
    5. 5. Background • Philosophy comes from two Greek words, philos, which means friend or lover, and sophia, which means wisdom.
    6. 6. Background • Philosophy comes from two Greek words, philos, which means friend or lover, and sophia, which means wisdom. • .: Philosophy is the love of wisdom
    7. 7. Background • Philosophy comes from two Greek words, philos, which means friend or lover, and sophia, which means wisdom. • .: Philosophy is the love of wisdom • And the philosopher is the friend of, or lover of wisdom.
    8. 8. What is philosophy?
    9. 9. What is philosophy? • Tries to provides definitive answers to fundamental questions
    10. 10. What is philosophy? • Tries to provides definitive answers to fundamental questions • Is also about “the good” for human beings, and how to obtain it
    11. 11. quot;Become wise yourself, or if you are incapable of it, let yourself be guided by one who is truly wise. --Plato
    12. 12. Goals of Philosophy?
    13. 13. Goals of Philosophy? • Strives to keep crucial questions open to intellectual review and public discussion,
    14. 14. Goals of Philosophy? • Strives to keep crucial questions open to intellectual review and public discussion, • BUT: quot;Merely having an open mind is nothing. The object of opening the mind, as of opening the mouth, is to shut it on something solid.quot; (G.K. Chesterton)
    15. 15. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE)
    16. 16. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE) • Helps us become more completely human
    17. 17. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE) • Helps us become more completely human • Knowledge is preferable to ignorance and awareness is better than innocence
    18. 18. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE) • Helps us become more completely human • Knowledge is preferable to ignorance and awareness is better than innocence • Helps us not be content with the trivial
    19. 19. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE) • Helps us become more completely human • Knowledge is preferable to ignorance and awareness is better than innocence • Helps us not be content with the trivial • Offers personal fulfillment and gives our lives meaning
    20. 20. Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation (ACE) • Helps us become more completely human • Knowledge is preferable to ignorance and awareness is better than innocence • Helps us not be content with the trivial • Offers personal fulfillment and gives our lives meaning • The capacity and willingness to get to the heart of what others take for granted is what separates the educated from the uneducated; gives intellectual resiliency
    21. 21. What is a philosophical question?
    22. 22. What is a philosophical question? • Group A:
    23. 23. What is a philosophical question? • Group A: • What was the score of last night's football game?
    24. 24. What is a philosophical question? • Group A: • What was the score of last night's football game? • What are the stages of cell mitosis?
    25. 25. What is a philosophical question? • Group A: • What was the score of last night's football game? • What are the stages of cell mitosis? • What is the value of pi to a hundred decimal places?
    26. 26. What is a philosophical question? • Group A: • What was the score of last night's football game? • What are the stages of cell mitosis? • What is the value of pi to a hundred decimal places? • How did the freezing of the Earth affect evolutionary forces?
    27. 27. What is a philosophical question? • Group A: • What was the score of last night's football game? • What are the stages of cell mitosis? • What is the value of pi to a hundred decimal places? • How did the freezing of the Earth affect evolutionary forces? • Can be answered by looking in a textbook, or a newspaper, or through scientific investigation.
    28. 28. • Group B:
    29. 29. • Group B:  Does God exist?
    30. 30. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?
    31. 31. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?
    32. 32. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?
    33. 33. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?  Do people have an obligation to their fellow human beings?
    34. 34. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?  Do people have an obligation to their fellow human beings?  What is knowledge, and how do we have any?
    35. 35. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?  Do people have an obligation to their fellow human beings?  What is knowledge, and how do we have any?  Is there some ultimate meaning to life?
    36. 36. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?  Do people have an obligation to their fellow human beings?  What is knowledge, and how do we have any?  Is there some ultimate meaning to life? • These questions are much less easily answered
    37. 37. • Group B:  Does God exist?  Who or what am I?  How should people behave?  Are some things clearly good and right or do values differ from time to time and place to place?  Do people have an obligation to their fellow human beings?  What is knowledge, and how do we have any?  Is there some ultimate meaning to life? • These questions are much less easily answered • Philosophy does not answer questions; it questions answers.
    38. 38. There are traditionally 5 main divisions, i.e.:- •LOGIC •AESTHETICS •METAPHYSICS •ETHICS •EPISTEMOLOGY
    39. 39. LOGIC This branch of Philosophy deals with the METHOD of argument. It offers answers to questions such as: • “Is that reasoning sound?” • “Is that statement true?” • “Is that conclusion valid ?”
    40. 40. AESTHETICS This branch deals with beauty in Music and Art. It offers answers to questions like: • “Is that good music?” • “Is that painting better than this one ?”
    41. 41. METAPHYSICS This branch deals with the question of REALITY and BEING. It deals with questions about the non-physical world, such as :- • “Is there a God?” • “What do we mean by real?”
    42. 42. ETHICS This branch is also known as MORAL PHILOSOPHY. It deals with questions about right and wrong, e.g. •“Is morality subjective?” •“What makes actions “right” and “wrong”?”
    43. 43. EPISTEMOLOGY This branch deals with the theory of knowledge. It considers questions like:- •“How do we know anything?” •“Is there such a thing as certainty?”
    44. 44. Philosophical questions • In small groups, collate a list of questions or ‘issues’ that we as a group, could address in future meetings NOTE: Need volunteer presenters on anything you want to present

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