Christianity and peace


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For the Studies of Religion HSC Course

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Christianity and peace

  1. 1. Christianity and Peace Year 12 SOR II Religion and Peace Monday, 28 June 2010
  2. 2. John Lenon- “Give Peace a Chance”- 5 minutes 2 Monday, 28 June 2010
  3. 3. Syllabus Points Outline the principal teachings about peace (in TWO religious traditions) Monday, 28 June 2010
  4. 4. Christianity and Peace In the Christian story, Jesus Christ gave his followers the gift of peace. Monday, 28 June 2010
  5. 5. On the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5–7), he declared ‘Blessed are the peacemakers’ and re-interpreted the commandment ‘You shall not kill’ to non-retaliation to aggression and love of enemies. Monday, 28 June 2010
  6. 6. For over twenty centuries Christians have varied in their interpretation of what this challenge to peace and non- violence means for their everyday lives. Monday, 28 June 2010
  7. 7. 222 people arrested marching for peace-4 minutes 7 Monday, 28 June 2010
  8. 8. Respect for human life is an enduring feature of Christianity: intentional killing of the innocent is forbidden. Monday, 28 June 2010
  9. 9. Everyday Christian living is meant to be marked by the qualities of gentleness and compassion proposed in the Bible (e.g. Colossians 3). Monday, 28 June 2010
  10. 10. Colossians 3 (8) “But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.” (15) “And let the peace of God rule in your hearts” 10 Monday, 28 June 2010
  11. 11. Safeguarding “Peace” Examples of the Christian response to ‘peace’ Monday, 28 June 2010
  12. 12. The issue of safeguarding the peace is more complex. Monday, 28 June 2010
  13. 13. Many early Christians refused to serve in the Roman army. Monday, 28 June 2010
  14. 14. The Testimony of Peace (1660) of the Society of Friends (sometimes called Quakers) declares that they will never fight and engage in war against others. Monday, 28 June 2010
  15. 15. On the other hand, most Christians recognise the need for legitimate defence by military force in time of war. Monday, 28 June 2010
  16. 16. The traditional ‘just war’ doctrine, developed in the thirteenth century sought not to rationalise violence and war, but to limit its scope and methods. Monday, 28 June 2010
  17. 17. This doctrine allows war only when a legitimate authority declares war as a last resort for a just cause….. Monday, 28 June 2010
  18. 18. ...(e.g. certain, severe danger) with good intention, reasonable hope of success and proportionality between the evil of war and the good to be gained. Monday, 28 June 2010
  19. 19. The nuclear age has firmed up many Christian’s approach to violence. Monday, 28 June 2010
  20. 20. In the nuclear age, Christian churches have consistently condemned the arms race and ‘nuclear deterrence theory’ because it has the potential to destroy everything Monday, 28 June 2010
  21. 21. Furthermore, Christian groups recognise that justice and respect for human rights are the precondition of peace and they work extensively to overcome injustice. Monday, 28 June 2010
  22. 22. These Christians are normally horrified at events like the invasion of Iraq by Western forces, often using ‘Christian principles’ (freedom and human rights) as their justification. Monday, 28 June 2010
  23. 23. Just War Handout and Activity 23 Monday, 28 June 2010
  24. 24. End Monday, 28 June 2010