Review of Body Systems for QuizTrue/ FalseThe heart and stomach make up the two major organs of the digestive system. a. True b. FalseIn the digestive system, the trachea functions to connect the mouth to the stomach. a. True b. FalseThe main structure where gas exchange occurs in the lungs is the alveoli. a. True b. FalseThe heart has four chambers. a. True b. FalseAll arteries carry oxygenated blood. a. True b. FalseThe central nervous system is composed of the cranial nerves and the spinal nerves. a. True b. FalseA neuron gets messages from branches of the cell called dendrites. a. True b. FalseMultiple ChoiceThe digestion of all types of nutrients is completed in the a. stomach b. esophagus c. small intestine d. large intestineThe organ that releases bile into the small intestine is the
a. gall bladder b. pancreas c. liver d. colonThe correct order of food passage through the digestive system is a. appendix, small intestine, rectum, large intestine b. large intestine, small intestine, rectum, anus c. small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus d. stomach, pancreas, liver, small intestineWhich of the following occurs when you inhale? a. ribs go up, diaphragm goes up. b. ribs go up, diaphragm goes down. c. ribs go down, diaphragm goes down. d. ribs go down, diaphragm goes up.The blood vessels directly involved in gas exchange are a. capillaries b. bronchioles c. arteries d. veinsWhat do red blood cells carry to the body? a. nerves b. sweat c. heat d. oxygenWhat is the purpose of the arteries? a. To check your pulse b. To carry blood away from the heart c. To help you think d. To carry blood to the heartWhat is the correct order of blood flow through a human body, from the point when oxygen physically enters the body? a. Lungs ¢ heart ¢ capillaries ¢ veins ¢ arteries b. Lungs ¢ heart ¢ arteries ¢ veins ¢ capillaries c. Lungs ¢ heart ¢ arteries ¢ capillaries ¢ veins d. Veins ¢ lungs ¢ heart ¢ arteries ¢ capillariesThe blood clot that forms when you cut yourself is helped by a. plasma b. white blood cells c. red blood cells d. platelets
Which statement is correctly associated with the circulatory system? a. The right side pumps blood directly to the lungs. b. Arteries carry blood to the heart. c. The main function of red blood cells is to carry carbon dioxide to the cells. d. Capillaries function to remove gases and nutrients from the lungs.Excretion is the a. removal of indigestible feces only b. liberation of energy from food c. removal of metabolic wastes d. dissolving of insoluble foodsWhich of these is not an organ of excretion? a. liver b. kidney c. skin d. stomachSome things that need to get out of a cell are a. carbon dioxide and oxygen b. carbon dioxide and liquid wastes c. blood and oxygen d. blood and carbon dioxideNephrons are to the kidneys as __________ are to the lungs. a. capillaries b. alveoli c. urethra d. mouthThe part of the nervous system that is your control centre for your whole body is a. nothing b. neuron c. brain d. spinal cordOne of these is not a component of the nervous system; it is a. blood b. brain c. sense organs d. spinal chord
Short AnswerWhat is the function of peristalsis in the digestive system?Describe mechanical and chemical digestion, and explain the differencebetween them.Explain where and how the nutrients are absorbed into the blood fromthe digestive systemWhat effect does exercise have on the breathing rate? Why?What is the function of the circulatory system?What system is very closely related to the excretory system? Explainhow these two systems interact with each other.If you were to touch a hot stove with a bare hand, how does themessage get back to the hand to pull away?