unlocking doorsrecent initiatives in open and linked data at        National Library of Scotland                          ...
agenda o "widening access to knowledge" o opening data to social media services o the move to open data o finding our way ...
widening access to knowledge"we will make     digital resources accessible        through           communications media  ...
widening access to knowledge"we will improve     access to our collections           by finding              new ways     ...
social media servicesFlickr www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland    •   2,500 images    •   1,500 views per day    •   1.8 mil...
social media servicesFlickr                                                      52,000 views                             ...
social media servicesYou Tube                                             102 videos                                      ...
social media servicesLicensing, copyright and rights•   out of copyright and/or copyright owner•   to gain benefits you mu...
social media servicesLessons learned....•   minimal investment for improved access•   taster of the Librarys collections• ...
open datais the concept that data     is made available           so others can use              and re-use it            ...
open dataif you created the metadata     then you can license it as you wishif you create or own the resource     then you...
open data       CC.0
open dataThe 5 easy steps to open data                                1. licensed                                2. struct...
open dataThe 5 easy steps to open data•   licensed           CC.O•   structured           Solr XML, MARC21, Dublin Core•...
open data   http://thedatahub.org/dataset/nls-forthbridge
linked open dataWhat we dont have ....   experience                          skills                          resourcesWhat...
linked open dataWhat we did until April 2012stop ... start ... stop ... start ... stop ... start •   went to school to lea...
linked open dataAnd then we spoke to our friends:freeYourMetadata.org  "you should use Google Refine to discover URIs"Open...
linked open datalocal & closed           global & open                     X    DOD                     S       LOD in    ...
linked open datalocal         global & open               structure& closed       tDescription.title               tKeywor...
linked open datalocal          global & open& closed           structure                   tDescription.title             ...
linked open data
linked open data
linked open dataChallenges with vocabularies we use•   Arts & Architecture Thesaurus•   Thesaurus for Geographic Names•   ...
linked open data AAT label            LCSH                 Dewey                  TGM Cantilever bridges   sh85016866     ...
linked open dataNext (small) steps .... • keep learning .... keep asking! • publish structure and data to theDataHub.org  ...
Thank you ....References                                                        Me• NLS at Flickr & YouTube               ...
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Unlocking doors: recent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland

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Presentation given on 21 Sept 2012 at Cataloguing and Index Group (Scotland) seminar on "Opening Library Linked Data to National Heritage: Perspectives on International
Practice" http://www.slainte.org.uk/events/EvntShow.cfm?uEventID=2999

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Unlocking doors: recent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland

  1. 1. unlocking doorsrecent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland Gill Hamilton Digital Access Manager g.hamilton@nls.uk
  2. 2. agenda o "widening access to knowledge" o opening data to social media services o the move to open data o finding our way with linked open data
  3. 3. widening access to knowledge"we will make digital resources accessible through communications media which are effective in promoting the use and discovery of our collections."
  4. 4. widening access to knowledge"we will improve access to our collections by finding new ways for our users to interact with us and others."
  5. 5. social media servicesFlickr www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland • 2,500 images • 1,500 views per day • 1.8 million views in total • 10% have comments
  6. 6. social media servicesFlickr 52,000 views 114 favorited 20 comments "It is a Lee Enfield gun .." "Im doing a presentation, may I use the image?"http://www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland/3012796098/
  7. 7. social media servicesYou Tube 102 videos 300,000 views 186 comments "Fab wee motor." "My parents had onehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z9l01vy7y3w of these"
  8. 8. social media servicesLicensing, copyright and rights• out of copyright and/or copyright owner• to gain benefits you must give away some or all control• Flickr The Commons
  9. 9. social media servicesLessons learned....• minimal investment for improved access• taster of the Librarys collections• the world is full of knowledgeable people• to gain benefits you have to give something up• findability beyond the Library website• open ... but not open enough
  10. 10. open datais the concept that data is made available so others can use and re-use it without restrictions of copyright or control mechanisms
  11. 11. open dataif you created the metadata then you can license it as you wishif you create or own the resource then you can license it as you wish
  12. 12. open data CC.0
  13. 13. open dataThe 5 easy steps to open data 1. licensed 2. structured 3. documented 4. published 5. publicised "Give us raw data and give it to us NOW!"
  14. 14. open dataThe 5 easy steps to open data• licensed  CC.O• structured  Solr XML, MARC21, Dublin Core• documented  dont make assumptions• published  thedatahub• publicised  twitter, blog, conference
  15. 15. open data http://thedatahub.org/dataset/nls-forthbridge
  16. 16. linked open dataWhat we dont have .... experience skills resourcesWhat we do have ... great data lots of enthusiasm friends to help
  17. 17. linked open dataWhat we did until April 2012stop ... start ... stop ... start ... stop ... start • went to school to learn RDF • tried mapping our data to DC Terms • tried to discover URIs • created RDF for a single resource • wondered what to do next • wondered if it was worth our while
  18. 18. linked open dataAnd then we spoke to our friends:freeYourMetadata.org "you should use Google Refine to discover URIs"Open Knowledge Foundation "use theDataHub.org for publishing & use CC.0"Metadata Management Associates "let us help you model your data because we have a theory ..."
  19. 19. linked open datalocal & closed global & open X DOD S LOD in data L DC TstructuretDescription.titletKeyword.keywordtWho.who
  20. 20. linked open datalocal global & open structure& closed tDescription.title tKeyword.keyword tWho.who DOD data DOD in LOD
  21. 21. linked open datalocal global & open& closed structure tDescription.title R ISBD tKeyword.keyword tWho.who D MARC DOD F data DOD in DC m LOD a EDM p
  22. 22. linked open data
  23. 23. linked open data
  24. 24. linked open dataChallenges with vocabularies we use• Arts & Architecture Thesaurus• Thesaurus for Geographic Names• LC Subject Headings• LC Name Authority• Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
  25. 25. linked open data AAT label LCSH Dewey TGM Cantilever bridges sh85016866 624.219 not found Cantilever bridges Cantilever bridges skos:exactMatch skos:exactMatch Construction sh99005337 624 tgm002475 (assembling) construction Civil engineering construction skos:broadMatch skos:relatedMatch skos:broadMatch Railroad bridges Sh85110864 385.312 tgm008548 Railroad bridges The way Railroad bridges skos:exactMatch skos:closeMatch skos:exactMatch TGN label GeoNames Dewey Forth Bridge 6695705 388.132094134 Forth Bridge Bridges—Edinburgh skos:exactMatch skos:broadMatch Forth, Firth of 2649175 551.483094131 Firth of Forth Stirling etc skos:exactMatch skos:relatedMatch SKOS mapping properties http://www.w3.org.TR/2009/REC-skos-20090818/#mapping
  26. 26. linked open dataNext (small) steps .... • keep learning .... keep asking! • publish structure and data to theDataHub.org o Forth Bridge o Haig photos o Everything! • think about NLS URIs • record vocabulary URIs at metadata creation • address licensing issues with vocabularies • hope someone uses it!
  27. 27. Thank you ....References Me• NLS at Flickr & YouTube Gill Hamilton o http://www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland/ g.hamilton@nls.uk o http://www.youtube.com/user/NLofScotland• NLS at thedatahub o http://thedatahub.org/dataset/nls-forthbridge• NLS DOD at The Open Metadata Registry o http://metadataregistry.org/schemaprop/list/schema_id/64.html• Open Knowledge Foundation o http://okfn.org/• Metadata Management Associates o http://managemetadata.com/• freeyourmetadata.org• thedatahub.org

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