Unlocking doors: recent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland


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Presentation given to "Data publication and linked data in the humanities" workshop at National Library of Wales, 12 November 2012. This presentation has developed from previous as it explains how and why the Library modelled its database structure in to RDF rather than use pre-existing schemas

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Unlocking doors: recent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland

  1. 1. unlocking doorsrecent initiatives in open and linked data at National Library of Scotland Gill Hamilton Digital Access Manager g.hamilton@nls.uk
  2. 2. about
  3. 3. widening access to knowledge"we will make digital resources accessible through communications media which are effective in promoting the use and discovery of our collections."
  4. 4. widening access to knowledge"we will improve access to our collections by finding new ways for our users to interact with us and others."
  5. 5. social media servicesFlickr www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland • 2,500 images • 1,500 views per day • 1.8 million views in total • 10% have comments
  6. 6. social media servicesFlickr 52,000 views 114 favorited 20 comments "It is a Lee Enfield gun .." "Im doing a presentation, may I use the image?"http://www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland/3012796098/
  7. 7. social media servicesYou Tube 102 videos 300,000 views 186 comments "Fab wee motor." "My parents had onehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z9l01vy7y3w of these"
  8. 8. social media servicesLicensing, copyright and rights• out of copyright and/or copyright owner• to gain benefits you must give away some or all control• Flickr The Commons
  9. 9. social media servicesLessons learned....• minimal investment for improved access• taster of the Librarys collections• the world is full of knowledgeable people• to gain benefits you have to give something up• findability beyond the Library website• open ... but not open enough
  10. 10. open datais the concept that data is made available so others can use and re-use it without restrictions of copyright or control mechanisms
  11. 11. open dataif you created the metadata then you can license it as you wishif you create or own the resource then you can license it as you wish
  12. 12. open stuff we’ve been doing CC.0
  13. 13. open dataThe 5 easy steps to open data 1. licensed 2. structured 3. documented 4. published 5. publicised "Give us raw data and give it to us NOW!"
  14. 14. open data http://thedatahub.org/dataset/nls-forthbridge
  15. 15. linked open data and usWhat we dont have .... experience skills resourcesWhat we do have ... great data lots of enthusiasm friends to help
  16. 16. linked open dataWhat we did until April 2012stop ... start ... stop ... start ... stop ... start • went to school to learn RDF • tried mapping our data to DC Terms • tried to discover URIs • created RDF for a single resource • wondered what to do next • wondered if it was worth our while
  17. 17. linked open dataAnd then we spoke to our friends:freeYourMetadata.org "you should use Google Refine to discover URIs"Open Knowledge Foundation "use theDataHub.org for publishing & use CC.0"Metadata Management Associates "let us help you model your data because we have a theory ..."
  18. 18. our 1st attemptlocal & closed global & open X DOD S LOD in data L DC TstructuretDescription.titletKeyword.keywordtWho.who
  19. 19. linked open data
  20. 20. linked open data
  21. 21. linked open data
  22. 22. we modelled the database http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/64.html
  23. 23. linked open datalocal global & open structure& closed tDescription.title tKeyword.keyword tWho.who DOD data DOD in LOD
  24. 24. linked open datalocal global & open schema& closed structure tDescription.title R .org tKeyword.keyword tWho.who D MARC DOD F data DOD in DC m LOD a EDM p
  25. 25. linked open data graph
  26. 26. some things lots of strings
  27. 27. things and stringsand vocabularies ……• Arts & Architecture Thesaurus• Thesaurus for Geographic Names• LC Subject Headings• LC Name Authority• Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
  28. 28. how to turn strings into thingsthisThing hasSubject “Cantilever bridges”thisThing hasSubject nlsURI9876nlsURI9876 hasLabel “Cantilever bridges”
  29. 29. turn nlsThings in to otherThingsthisThing hasSubject nlsURI9876nlsURI9876 hasLabel Cantilever bridgesnlsURI9876 skosExactMatch sh85016866nlsURI9876 skosExactMatch 624.219thisThing hasPlace nlsURI123nlsURI123 hasLabel Forth BridgenlsUR123 skosExactMatch 6695705
  30. 30. skos-ifying vocabularies AAT label LCSH Dewey TGM Cantilever bridges sh85016866 624.219 not found Cantilever bridges Cantilever bridges skos:exactMatch skos:exactMatch Construction sh99005337 624 tgm002475 (assembling) construction Civil engineering construction skos:broadMatch skos:relatedMatch skos:broadMatch Railroad bridges sh85110864 385.312 tgm008548 Railroad bridges The way Railroad bridges skos:exactMatch skos:closeMatch skos:exactMatch TGN label GeoNames Dewey Forth Bridge 6695705 388.132094134 Forth Bridge Bridges—Edinburgh skos:exactMatch skos:broadMatch Forth, Firth of 2649175 551.483094131 Firth of Forth Stirling etc skos:exactMatch skos:relatedMatch SKOS mapping properties http://www.w3.org.TR/2009/REC-skos-20090818/#mapping
  31. 31. finding things from strings• By hand by Gill• By the hands of students• By Google Refine• By some clever algorithmic cleverness
  32. 32. where are we right now?• PHP script that makes TTL triples• a triple store• the crudest interface in the world ALL ON A LAPTOP• basic linking outside the NLS domain• a workshop on Wednesday
  33. 33. where are we right now?
  34. 34. where are we right now?
  35. 35. linked open data• think about URIs• think about infrastructure• think about the vocabularies we use• publish Forth & Haig as DOD LOD• try to link internally• Haig and• WWI (Zeppelin?) maps• and diaries• perhaps build a service
  36. 36. Thank you ....References Me• NLS at Flickr & YouTube Gill Hamilton o http://www.flickr.com/photos/nlscotland/ g.hamilton@nls.uk o http://www.youtube.com/user/NLofScotland• NLS at thedatahub o http://thedatahub.org/dataset/nls-forthbridge• NLS DOD at The Open Metadata Registry o http://metadataregistry.org/schemaprop/list/schema_id/64.html• Open Knowledge Foundation o http://okfn.org/• Metadata Management Associates o http://managemetadata.com/• freeyourmetadata.org• thedatahub.org