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Sp needs k. baker


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Sp needs k. baker

  1. 1. Autism SpectrumAutism Spectrum DisordersDisorders Katrina BakerKatrina Baker
  2. 2. Autism Spectrum Disorders People with autism can be a little autistic or very autistic. A disorder that includes such a broad range of symptoms is often called a spectrum disorder. The most significant shared symptom is difficulty with social communication.
  3. 3. Autism is a developmental disability that impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Autism is a difficult thing to understand. One person with autism may have very different symptoms and behavioral characteristics than another. Because of these vast differences, doctors now think of autism as a "spectrum" disorder, in other words as a group of disorders with a range of similar features. Because of this, autism is now often called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
  4. 4. Autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. Autism has been estimated to effect as high as 1/4% to 1/2% of the population. *These estimates include those with autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD
  5. 5. May experience difficulty with: • communication which is both verbal and nonverbal • routines or repetitive behaviors like obsessively repeating words or body movements or even arranging belongings in a very specific way. • self-help skills, such as toileting, feeding, dressing, and teeth brushing • making and maintaining consistent eye contact with other people • attention span • social skills. Autistic people lean toward exclusive activities. Behavioral Characteristics
  6. 6. Asperger Syndrome (AS) is considered to be a part of the autism spectrum. The only significant difference between AS and High Functioning Autism is that people with AS usually develop speech right on time while people with autism usually have speech delays. People with AS are generally very bright and verbal, but have significant social deficits (which is why AS has earned the nickname "Geek Syndrome").
  7. 7. Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmenal disorder that affects girls almost exclusively. It is characterized by normal early growth and development followed by a slowing of development, loss of purposeful use of the hands, distinctive hand movements, slowed brain and head growth, problems with walking, seizures, and intellectual disability.
  8. 8. Childhood disintegrative disorder is a condition occurring in 3- and 4-year- olds who have developed normally to age 2. Over several months, a child with this disorder will deteriorate in intellectual, social, and language functioning from previously normal behavior.
  9. 9. Pervasive Development Disorders refers to a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, most notably the ability to socialize with others, to communicate, and to use imagination. Children with these conditions often are confused in their thinking and generally have problems understanding the world around them.
  10. 10. Educational Needs There are many specialized programs for autism. While any given setting may be perfect for any given child, every child with autism has unique needs. Even in an ideal world, "including" a child with autism in a typical class may not be the best choice. Decisions about autistic education are generally made by a team made up of parents, teachers, administrators and therapists who know the child well.
  11. 11. Teaching Strategies for Children With Autism
  12. 12. Many people with autism are visual thinkers. They think in pictures. They do not think in language. Thoughts are like videotapes running in my imagination. Pictures are their first language, and words are their second language. Nouns are the easiest words to learn because they can make a picture in their mind of the word. To learn words like "up" or "down," the teacher should demonstrate them to the child.
  13. 13. Many children with autism are good at drawing, art and computer programming. These talent areas should be encouraged. Talents can be turned into skills that can be used for future employment.
  14. 14. Some autistic children can sing better than they can speak. They may respond better if words and sentences are sung to them. Some children with extreme sound sensitivity will respond better if the teacher talks to them in a low whisper.
  15. 15. Fussy eating is a common problem. In some cases the child may be fixated on a detail that identifies a certain food. Hilde de Clerq found that one child only ate Chiquita bananas because he fixated on the labels. Other fruit such as apples and oranges were readily accepted when Chiquita labels were put on them. Try putting different but similar foods in the cereal box or another package of a favorite food. Another mother had success by putting a homemade hamburger with a wheat free bun in a McDonald’s package.
  16. 16. Resources • Simple Strategies that Work – Helpful Hints For All Educators That Work With Children With Asperger Syndrome, High Functioning Autism and Related Disabilities by Brenda Smith Myles, Diane Adreon and Dena Gitlitz • 101 Games for Children With Autism, Asperger’s and Sensory Processing Disorders By Tara Delaney
  17. 17. Organizations • Moms of Autism Spectrum Disorder Kids 2 p.m. the last Saturday of each month, Hillside Christian Church, Room 102, 6100 Soncy Road • Autism Society - • Autism Speaks -
  18. 18. Parent Resources • Families for Early Autism Treatment - • Lucas Works - support.html • Ten Things Ever Child With Autism Wishes You Knew by Ellen Notbohm • A Parent’s Guide to Asperger’s Syndrome and High Functioning Autism: How To Meet The Challenges and Help Your Child Thrive By Sally Ozonoff • Louder Than Words: A Mother’s Journey in Healing Autism By Jenny McCarthy
  19. 19. Bibliography • Autism by Carrie Fredericks • Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Complete Guide to Understanding Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder and Other ASD’s by Chantal Sicile-Kira