Factors influencing participation in pa

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Factors influencing participation in pa

  1. 1. Factors Influencing Participation in Physical Activity PE Unit 2 AOS 2
  2. 2. Factors • Demographics • Social • Environmental
  3. 3. What are the influences? • Individual attitudes • Childhood (5-12 years) • Adolescence (12-18 years) • Adulthood • Older adults • Gender • • • • • • • Socioeconomic class Ethnicity Parents Schools/workplaces Peers The media Physical environment
  4. 4. Individual Attitudes • As you grow up you go through different phases of development. – Different commitments – Developing identity – Influenced by different groups and ideas – Attitude • All of these things will shape a persons attitude towards PA
  5. 5. Childhood • Children experiment with PA in the forms of play, modified games and competitive activities • They learn the basic skills required to be successful in future PA pursuits.
  6. 6. Adolescence • Experiences for boys and girls differ greatly at this state of development • Both groups experience intense physical development, as well as identity and personality • The experiences gained during adolescence can shape PA attitudes and behaviours
  7. 7. Adults • PA for adults is based on priorities and motivations, and a result of lifestyle and experiences gained during adolescence. • Opportunities are based on time available, money, study and the influence of peer groups
  8. 8. Older Adults • Time available greatly increases • However, money, health, peer groups and mobility are factors that will limit or increase participation in PA
  9. 9. Gender • Historically, females had less access and fewer opportunities to participate in PA • Often they were not encouraged to be active by family, schools or the community
  10. 10. Gender • Social attitudes have changed gradually, and females are encouraged to participate in most forms of PA • Coverage of women’s sports in the media has helped to provide role models and opportunities for goal setting and aspirations.
  11. 11. Socioeconomic Class • Opportunities and access to PA are often dictated by available money, time, facilities and equipment. • Concider sports such as snow-sports, sailing and other motorised water sports, polo and other horse-based sports.
  12. 12. Ethnicity • Australia is a multicultural society with an eclectic mix of ethnic groups. • A person’s access to activities and the variety of activities available often differ according to the country the person lives in or where they’re from.
  13. 13. Parents • Parents are a major influence on children's attitudes to PA • They can encourage participation by showing interest • Parental support is critical (money, transport, coaching, role-models) • Research tells us that if a parent is physically active, the child is more likely to be active as well.
  14. 14. School/Workplaces • Schools provide meaningful PE and Sport programs • 7-10 students are mandated to participate in at least 100-minutes of PE and 100-minutes of Sport per week • Primary age students are required to participate in at least 3-hours per week
  15. 15. School/Workplaces • Employers recognise the benefits of having a healthy workforce • The are consistently developing new strategies to get they employees more physically active: – Providing gym memberships – Bike racks – Showers at work
  16. 16. Peers • Your friends (usually have the same interested and of a similar age) • A peer group’s favorable attitude towards participation in PA will have a strong influence on individual members of the group • Negative attitudes are equally as powerful
  17. 17. The Media • The media plays a significant role in influencing people to participate in PA in various forms: – Exposure of activities (sport, comps, venues) – Promoting role models – Promoting lifestyle campaigns – Encouraging greater female participation
  18. 18. Physical Environment • Research has shown that the characteristics of a neighborhood can influence a person’s participation in PA • Access to facilities • Proximity to facilities • Safety of facilities and nearby surroundings • Environmental changes (speed-zones, street lights, speed-humps, footpath and bike-path/road separation)

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