Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
CONGOLESECOLTAN<br />“The only loser in this huge business<br />venture is the Congolese people.”<br />from The United Nat...
The Democratic Republic of Congo<br /><ul><li>Abundant natural resources</li></ul>“Africa’s World War”<br /><ul><li>1996 -...
1998 – Government forces against Ugandan and Rwandan backed rebels
5.4 million people dead</li></li></ul><li>Poverty &<br />The Economy<br /><ul><li>85% unemployment
79% live on less than $2 per day
Minerals for the electronics industry</li></li></ul><li>Conflict Persists<br /><ul><li>Abductions
Looting
Child Soldiers
Rape
Poaching</li></li></ul><li>Conflict Minerals<br />
The 3T’s<br /><ul><li>Tungsten
Tin
Tantalum(Coltan)</li></li></ul><li>Coltan<br /><ul><li>“Magic Dust”
Mobile Phones
Computers
Surgical Equipment
Jet Engines
Chemical Reactors
And more…</li></li></ul><li>Mining<br /><ul><li>From 2,000 to just a few
“Artisanal”</li></ul>Armed Groups<br /><ul><li>Control mines
Dangerous conditions
Low pay
“Taxing” stakeholders
$185 million</li></li></ul><li>Supply Chain<br />
UN Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other forms of Wealth of the Democr...
Exploitation is systematic and systemic
Private sector participation
A ‘win-win’ situation for all belligerents</li></li></ul><li>Resource Capture<br />
Rwanda’s Role<br /><ul><li>Lucrative appeal
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Congolese Coltan team_7_sept_8_2011

1,424 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Travel, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Congolese Coltan team_7_sept_8_2011

  1. 1. CONGOLESECOLTAN<br />“The only loser in this huge business<br />venture is the Congolese people.”<br />from The United Nations’ Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation<br />of Natural Resources and Other Forms of Wealth of the<br />Democratic Republic of the Congo<br />Cohort A Team 7<br />Travis Reynolds| Dennis Maltais| Christina Kanjer| Michael Dinsmore| Amanda Berry<br />
  2. 2. The Democratic Republic of Congo<br /><ul><li>Abundant natural resources</li></ul>“Africa’s World War”<br /><ul><li>1996 - Following the Rwandan Genocide
  3. 3. 1998 – Government forces against Ugandan and Rwandan backed rebels
  4. 4. 5.4 million people dead</li></li></ul><li>Poverty &<br />The Economy<br /><ul><li>85% unemployment
  5. 5. 79% live on less than $2 per day
  6. 6. Minerals for the electronics industry</li></li></ul><li>Conflict Persists<br /><ul><li>Abductions
  7. 7. Looting
  8. 8. Child Soldiers
  9. 9. Rape
  10. 10. Poaching</li></li></ul><li>Conflict Minerals<br />
  11. 11. The 3T’s<br /><ul><li>Tungsten
  12. 12. Tin
  13. 13. Tantalum(Coltan)</li></li></ul><li>Coltan<br /><ul><li>“Magic Dust”
  14. 14. Mobile Phones
  15. 15. Computers
  16. 16. Surgical Equipment
  17. 17. Jet Engines
  18. 18. Chemical Reactors
  19. 19. And more…</li></li></ul><li>Mining<br /><ul><li>From 2,000 to just a few
  20. 20. “Artisanal”</li></ul>Armed Groups<br /><ul><li>Control mines
  21. 21. Dangerous conditions
  22. 22. Low pay
  23. 23. “Taxing” stakeholders
  24. 24. $185 million</li></li></ul><li>Supply Chain<br />
  25. 25. UN Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other forms of Wealth of the Democratic Republic of the Congo<br /><ul><li>Coltan, diamonds, copper, cobalt and gold
  26. 26. Exploitation is systematic and systemic
  27. 27. Private sector participation
  28. 28. A ‘win-win’ situation for all belligerents</li></li></ul><li>Resource Capture<br />
  29. 29. Rwanda’s Role<br /><ul><li>Lucrative appeal
  30. 30. Locals driven out
  31. 31. Mass looting
  32. 32. Systematic, efficient, and organized
  33. 33. Resource capture</li></li></ul><li>The “Engine for the Conflict”<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Barrick Gold<br /><ul><li>Housing, trucks, and other support
  36. 36. Hundreds of civilians killed</li></ul>Anvil Mining<br /><ul><li>Vehicles and planes
  37. 37. Crushed civilian uprising
  38. 38. Claims no choice</li></li></ul><li>The “Tragedy of the Commons”<br />
  39. 39. “Concentric Circle of Influence”<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform Act<br /><ul><li>Publicly traded companies
  42. 42. Report on measures taken</li></li></ul><li>Challenges with Dodd Frank<br /><ul><li>Complex supply chain
  43. 43. Cost of verification
  44. 44. “Sarbanes Oxley on Steroids”</li></li></ul><li>Contradictory Impacts<br /><ul><li>De facto embargo
  45. 45. Unemployment
  46. 46. Continued exploitation
  47. 47. Higher costs</li></li></ul><li>Proponents of Dodd Frank<br /><ul><li>Reporting measure, not prohibition
  48. 48. DRC support
  49. 49. “A legitimate source of livelihood”</li></li></ul><li>Conflict Free Smelter Program<br /><ul><li>Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (Washington)
  50. 50. Global E-Sustainability Initiative (Brussels)
  51. 51. Demonstrate that raw materials did not originate from conflict sources
  52. 52. Good information systems</li></ul>EICC<br />GeSI<br />
  53. 53. Canada’s Response<br /><ul><li>Trade in Conflict Materials Act
  54. 54. Naming and shaming</li></li></ul><li>Consumer Action<br /><ul><li>Pressure companies
  55. 55. Support legislation
  56. 56. Spread the word
  57. 57. Demand an alternative</li></li></ul><li>key learnings<br />Coltanand Conflict in the DRC<br />UN Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other forms of Wealth of the Democratic Republic of the Congo<br />Corporate Complicity<br />Consumer Complicity<br />Legislative Response<br />Call to Action<br />
  58. 58. bibliography<br />Banerjee, Sidhartha, “Congolese citizens sue Canadian mining company, alleging complicity in massacre,” 660 News, accessed August 30, 2011, http://www.660news.com/news/national/article/126273--congolese-citizens-sue-canadian-mining-company-alleging-complicity-in-massacre.<br /> <br />“A Comprehensive Approach to Congo’s Conflict Minerals,” The Enough Project Team with the Grassroots Reconciliation Group, April 2009.<br /> <br />Dent, Gwalgen Geordie, “Mining the Congo: Canadian mining companies in the DRC ,” The Dominion, May 26, 2007, http://www.dominionpaper.ca/articles/1195.<br /> <br />Dias, Elizabeth, “First Blood Diamonds, Now Blood Computers?,” Time World, July 24, 2009, http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1912594,00.html.<br /> <br />“The Dodd Frank Act's Section 1502 on conflict minerals,” Global Witness website, August 10, 2011, http://www.globalwitness.org/library/dodd-frank-acts-section-1502-conflict-minerals.<br /> <br />“Dodd-Frank Is Sarbanes-Oxley on Steroids,” CEB Views, September 15, 2009, http://cebviews.com/2010/09/15/dodd-frank-is-sarbanes-oxley-on-steroids/.<br /> <br />“Export Statistics,” National Bank of Rwanda (August 2008), http://www.bnr.rw/statistics.aspx. <br /> <br />“Fact Sheet: Measuring Mortality in Congo,” International Rescue Committee, accessed August 22, 2011, http://www.rescue.org/special-reports/congo-forgotten-crisis.<br /> <br />Garrett, Nicholas, “Artisanal Cassiterite Mining and Trade in North Kivu: Implications for Poverty Reduction and Security,” Communities and Small Scale Mining, June 2008.<br /> <br />Hamermesh, Daniel, “The Unintended Congo ‘Catastrophe’ of Dodd-Frank Conflict Mineral Provision,” Freakonomics website, August 22, 2011, http://www.freakonomics.com/2011/08/22/the-unintended-congo-catastrophe-of-dodd-frank-conflict-mineral-provision/.<br /> <br />Hayes, Karen and Richard Burge, “Coltan Mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo: How Tantalum- using industries can Commit to the Reconstruction of the DRC,” Flora and Fauna International Conservation Report, Cambridge, UK, 2003, p. 33.<br /> <br />Hemmerich, Clay, “The Coltan Conundrum: How a Mineral Essential to the Cellphone Industry Contributes to an Ongoing Human Rights Nightmare,” January 11, 2011, The Link, http://thelinknewspaper.ca/article/826.<br /> <br />“How Congress Devastated Congo,” The New York Times, August 8, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/08/opinion/how-congress-devastated-congo.html?_r=4&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha212.<br />
  59. 59. bibliography cont’d<br /> <br />Lasker, John, “Of Blood and Gold: How Canadian Mining Companies Loot the Congo,” Tower Freedom, February 26, 2009, http://www.towardfreedom.com/africa/1534-of-blood-and-gold-how-canadian-mining-companies-loot-the-congo.<br /> <br />“Lessons Unlearned: How the UN and Member States Must Do More to End Natural<br />Resource-Fuelled Conflicts,” Global Witness, January 2010.<br /> <br />Magnowski, Daniel, “Tin price spike shows Congo’s growing origin role,” Reuters, October 30, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSLU661455. <br /> <br />Marlow, Iain and Omar El Akkad, “Industry groups move to clean up sourcing of ‘blood minerals’,” The Globe and Mail, December 7, 2010, updated December 13, 2010, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/industry-groups-move-to-clean-up-sourcing-of-blood-minerals/article1829018/.<br /> <br />Marlow, Iain and Omar El Akkad, “Smartphones: Blood stains at our fingertips,” The Globe and Mail, December 3, 2010, updated December 8, 2010, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/smartphones-blood-stains-at-our-fingertips/article1825207/.<br /> <br />OECD (2011), OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264111110-en.<br /> <br />Ojo, Bolaji, “Conflict Metals Law: Good Intentions Gone Bad?,” EBN Online, May 24, 2011, http://www.ebnonline.com/author.asp?section_id=1038&doc_id=206879.<br /> <br />“Overview,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, accessed August 23, 2011, http://www.ushmm.org/genocide/take_action/atrisk/region/dr-congo.<br /> <br />Petrou, Michael, “Canadian mining company accused of complicity in Congo massacre,” Maclean’s, November 8, 2010, http://www2.macleans.ca/2010/11/08/canadian-mining-company-accused-of-complicity-in-congo-massacre/.<br /> <br />“Report of the Panel of Experts on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources and Other Forms of Wealth of the Democratic Republic of the Congo,” United Nations, 2001, http://www.un.org/News/dh/latest/drcongo.htm.<br /> <br />Schurr, Matthew A. and Larry A. Swatuk, Critical Environmental Security: Rethinking the links between natural resources and political violence, Chapter 7, Center for Foreign Policy Studies: Dalhousie University, 2010.<br /> <br />Vesperini, Helen, “Congo’s Coltan Rush,” BBC World News Service, August 1, 2001, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1468772.stm.<br /> <br />Ware, Natalie D., “Congo War and the Role of Coltan,” acessed August 27, 2011, http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:PtvaC2EMPYJ:www1.american.edu/ted/ice/congo-coltan.htm+interahamwe+control+of+DRC+coltan&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ca&source=www.google.ca.<br />
  60. 60. Cohort A Team 7<br />Travis Reynolds| Dennis Maltais| Christina Kanjer| Michael Dinsmore| Amanda Berry<br />

×