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Primer on workload_modelling_v0.2


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This article focuses on the basics of Workload Modelling from an SPE (Systems Performance Engineering) Standpoint across the delivery cycle. It touches upon the definitions, processes including activities involved.

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Primer on workload_modelling_v0.2

  1. 1. Fundamentals of Workload Modelling Practical Performance Analyst – 14th July 2012
  2. 2. Agenda Performance Engineering Life Cycle What is Proactive Performance Management Holistic View of Performance What is Workload Modelling Why is Workload Modelling Important Process for Workload Modelling Questions to ask during Workload Modelling Examples of Workload – Business & Infrastructure Challenges involved in Workload Modelling Deliverables for the Workload Modelling Process Resources & tools to assist with Workload Modelling process
  3. 3. Performance Engineering Life Cycle Software Development Life Cycle Functional Requirements Gathering Architecture & Design Build Application System Test, System Integrated Test & UAT Deploy Into Production Performance Engineering Life Cycle Non Functional Requirements Gathering Design for Performance & Performance Modelling Unit Performance Test & Code Optimization Performance Test Monitoring & Capacity Management
  4. 4. What is Proactive Performance Management Performance Requirements Analysis Performance Modelling & Capacity Planning Build & Optimization Performance Testing Performance Monitoring Capacity Management
  5. 5. Txn Performance - Response Times, etc. Application Performance – Operations/Sec, Messages/Sec, Transactions/Sec, etc. Infrastructure Performance – CPU Utilization, Memory Utilization, Disk IOPS, etc. Network Performance – Packet Loss, Jitter, Packet Re- ordering, Delay, etc. Holistic View of Performance
  6. 6. What Is Workload Modelling Let’s define Workload before we get into the concepts of Workload Modelling. Workload in essence is the work that gets done by the application which goes towards consuming system resources Workload can also be defined as the work that needs to be performed by the systems for the applications to process the incoming user requests Workload can be of two main types – Infrastructure workload & Business Workload Business Workload – Work done by the applications in processing the incoming user requests Infrastructure Workload – System resources consumed by the application for processing the incoming user requests Workload is an essential part of Performance. Workload is the “What” part of Performance Engineering. Workload modelling is required to understand the key players on the system that are responsible for consuming system resources and generating demand. Workload Modelling can thus be defined as the process of determining relevant ports of Business Workload & Infrastructure Workload that are important to the Performance Engineering processes you are undertaking Workload Modelling techniques can slightly vary based on the Performance Engineering activity you intend to use the Workload Models for (Performance Testing, Performance Monitoring or Capacity Management)
  7. 7. Why Is Workload Modelling Important Workload Modelling is important to the Practical Performance Analyst for the following reasons – Identifying relevant Business Workload Drivers is essential for you to understand the different aspects of Business Workload that are responsible for generating demand across the different application tiers Identifying relevant Infrastructure Workload Drivers is essential for you to understand the different metrics that need to collected for purposes of analysis, visualization and modelling for different Performance Engineering activities Identifying your Business Workload Drivers is essential for you to monitor, track and predict growth of business which would form the basis of your Non Functional Requirements Modelling your Performance Testing Workload using Little’s Law so that you are able to create realistic Workload Models that can be used as input to your Performance Testing Scenario Designs within the Performance Testing tool Identifying Workload for purposes of Capacity Management. An understanding of the right set of Business Workload Drivers and Infrastructure Workload Drivers is required to model Performance of the application and determine the underlying infrastructure capacity impacts due to increase in Business Workload. Identifying relevant aspects of the applications that need to get monitored across the different tiers so that you can proactively manage and monitor your SLA’s.
  8. 8. Workload Modelling Process Understand Business Objectives & Program Goals Understand Non Functional Requirements Identify Business & Infrastructure Workload Drivers Extract data for Workload Drivers from Production Environment Analyse & Visualize Data Extracts from Production Validate Non Functional Requirements based on Understanding of your Business Workload Extrapolate Workload Volumes based on Business Growth Assumptions Model Workload for Performance Testing Using Operational Theory / Little’s Law Review Workload With Business & Internal Stake Holders Model Workload for Monitoring, Modelling & Capacity Management Document & Sign Off Workload Review & Update Workload Drivers regularly
  9. 9. Questions to ask during Workload Modelling As a Practical Performance Analyst, here’s a list of questions you would want to ask your customer - Why does the application exist What is the functionality delivered by your application What are the key activities that your application performs to process incoming user requests How does the application process incoming user requests What unit of work best describes the work that is performed by your application Do you have Non Functional Requirements for any of the key activities performed by the application Do you have any key Customer SLA’s for these key activities performed by these applications Do you have any Infrastructure SLA’s for these key activities performed by these applications Does the list of activities we’ve discussed include all the key activities performance by your application
  10. 10. Examples of Workload (Business + Infrastructure) Examples of Business Workload across the application – OLTP (Online Transaction Processing) Workload – E.g. Txns/Hour, Orders/Hour, etc. Batch Workload – E.g. Records Processed Per Job, Volume of Data Processed Per Job, Time taken to complete Job, etc. Workflow Workload – E.g. Number of Workflow Requests/Hour, Rate of Processing of Workflow Requests/Hour, etc. Messaging Workload – E.g. Incoming Messages Per Queue/Hour, Outgoing Messages Per Queue/Hour, Messages Transformed in Queue/Hour, etc. Miscellaneous Workload Examples of Infrastructure Workload across the application – CPU Utilization Memory Utilization Disk IOPS Network IOPS Buffer Cache Utilization Etc.
  11. 11. Challenges involved in Workload Modelling Lack of access to Business SME’s to understand the application functionality Lack of access to SME’ s to understand the application architecture Lack of understanding of the true Business Workload Drivers being processed within the application Lack of understanding of the relevant Infrastructure Workload Drivers for the given application Lack of availability of data within the application to understand the Business Workload Lack of availability of metrics from the monitoring applications to understanding the Infrastructure metrics Challenges obtaining buy in from the application support teams to extract relevant Business Workload data from the applications in production Challenges obtaining Business & Infrastructure Workload data collected at regular time intervals for purposes of analysis, visualization and modelling
  12. 12. Deliverables – Workload Modelling Workload Models for Non Functional Requirements that document – Business Workload Metrics Infrastructure Workload Metrics SLA’s for key Workload metrics Growth for key Workload metrics Workload Models for Performance Testing that document – Business Workload Metrics List of Business Processes that drive the Business Workload metrics Infrastructure Workload Metrics SLA’s for key Workload metrics Growth for key Workload metrics to build Workload Models for Performance Test Workload Models for Performance Modelling, Monitoring & Capacity Management that document – Business Workload Metrics Infrastructure Workload Metrics SLA’s for key Workload metrics Growth for key Workload metrics
  13. 13. Resources & Tools Excel (Small Data Volumes) – Time Series Analysis Regression Modelling Time Series Forecasting Queuing Theory Universal Scalability Law JMT – Java Modelling Tools ( Queuing Networks Mean Value Analysis of Queuing Network Markov’s Chains based Simulation R-Project (Large Data Volumes) Time Series Modelling Regression Modelling Time Series Forecasting
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