SALON ECOLOGY FOR BRAIDERSMICROBIOLOGYSalonFashion xx (n.d.)All Braids and Hair Care Braider Sanitation CourseBacteria, Viruses, and FungiDisinfectants: Sanitation & Sterilization
Welcome to the study of “Salon Ecology for Braider Practitioners” with emphasis onbacteria, viruses, sanitation and sterilization in this first unit Chapter two of your 30 hour course.Microbiology
MicrobiologyChapter Two of Salon Ecology presents threemain concepts: microbiology, infectioncontrol, and first aid and safety.Microbiology Objectives:The first major goal of this chapter is tointroduce you to the study of microbiologyAfter the microbiologypresentations, readings, discussions, androle-play, the student will be able torecognize and name the structure andfunction of bacteria and viruses by their:• Types• Classifications• Growth and reproduction patterns• Relationship to the spread of infectionAlso, you will learn the foundation for safeinfection control practices and procedures.What you learn will be useful in all parts ofyour education and career working in a salonas a professional braider.Salon EcologyLola braiding hair for extensions
After reading and viewing videos about bacteria, viruses and fungi, you should be able todemonstrate your ability to:1. To list classifications of micro-organisms2. To describe how bacteria and viruses reproduce3. To describe how fungi reproduce4. To explain procedures that prevent the spread of micro organisms in theenvironment5. To discuss the different methods of sanitation/sterilization6. To describe how disease can be prevented7. To pronounce biological terminologyChapter Two: MicrobiologyLearning Goals
Bacteria Everywhere…Even on your hands, agar dish(JamJarMMX, 2012)
MICROBIOLOGYMicrobiology—what a big word to describe the study of a small organism! Yetthat’s exactly what microbiology is, the study (ology) of small (micro) living (bio)organisms called microbes, such as bacteria.Here’s a hint about how toremember these words. TheGreek word pathos meanssuffering. Pathogenicbacterial cause disease andtherefore suffering.Nonpathogenic =sufferingA basic knowledge ofmicrobiology is important sothat you can prevent the spreadof disease through properdisinfection within the salon.
BacteriaBacteria are sometimes called germs or microbes. They are one-celledmicro-organisms. The study of bacteria is referred to as bacteriology.1. Nonpathogenic: no disease producing bacteria2. Pathogenic: disease – producing bacteriaThere are thousands of different kinds of bacteria, they can generally beclassified into two types:Virus on the attack amongst bacterial cells
Nonpathogenic BacteriaNonpathogenic bacteria are harmless and can be verybeneficial. Some bacteria have medical applications.Stock PhotoOther bacteria, like somefound in certain dairyproducts (such asyogurt), have healthenhancing properties.
Saprophytes (SAP-ro-fights) are nonpathogenic bacteria that live ondead matter and o not produce disease.Approximately 70% of all bacteria are nonpathogenic and many live onthe surface of the skin.Nonpathogenic BacteriaOther bacteria cause decay of refuse or vegetation; hence, improves thefertility of soil
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Words1. Microbiology2. Bacteria3. Viruses4. Fungus5. Non pathogenic bacteria6. Pathogenic bacteria7. Bacterial shapes8. Microscopic organisms9. Disease10. Infection11. Antiseptics12. External Parasites13. Immunity16. Sanitation17. Disinfection18. Sterilization19. Implements20. Infection Control Guidelines21. Bloodborne pathogen disinfection22. Disinfectant products23. Efficacy labels24. Read the label and follow directions25. Cocci (KOK –si)26. Staphylococci (staf-i-lo-KOK-si)27. Streptococci (strep-to-KOK-si)28. Diplococci (dip-lo-Kok-si)29. Bacilli (ba-SIL-i)30. Spirilla (speye-RIL-a)Upon completion of this vocabulary terminology lesson from Chapter 2 of Salon Fundamentals, you will learnto say and define the following words:
What’s the Difference Between Bacteria and Viruses?Cherishyourhealthtv (2012, September 12)
Pathogenic BacteriaBacteria live everywhere in our environment andeven exist inside our bodies!Several different types of pathogenic bacteria areharmful; they cause infection and diseases andsome produce deadly toxins.
Infectious bacteria are easily spread by using:Ways in Which Infectious Bacteria Spread Unsanitary styling implements Towels Dirty hands and fingernailsCan you think of more ways infectious bacteria and virusesare spread?
Only within the last 100 years have scientist,such as Louis Pasteur and Alexander Fleming,discovered these microscopic bacteria andinvented solutions to destroy many of themto combat the spread of infection.Background in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases
Pathogenic BacteriaPathogenic bacteria have their own distinct shapes thatscientist use to identify them under a microscope.Do you know when a disease spreads, from one person toanother via contact, it is called “contagious orcommunicable?”
After viewing the following video, provideexamples of contagious diseases and howthey reproduce to cause infection.Your Task
Virus StructureHepatitis virusViral behavior on the attackViral shape (head)
Bacterial StructuresBacteriaYou will learn more as you link to other parts of this courseand through your course readings.Can you nameshapes A thru F?
A Complete Look at the Structure of a Bacteria Cell
Virus and bacteria structures are similar.True FalseCheckup Washing your hands with soap kills all microbes.OR Some types of bacteria is good for you. Penicillin kills viruses and bacteria
Sweep , mop, scrub, and launder?Can you tell what’s wrong withthis picture? What should youdo? Click on buttons you feelare proper things you shoulddo to “clean” your workstation.Salon Ecology: SanitationPick up and organize? Sterilize, disinfect, and sanitize?
If you chose all ofthose, you are correct!Click the bottom toconduct sanitaryprocedures.
What else is wrong with this picture?Opened storageand bathroomdoor. Why?
Heres a clean, orderly, sanitized and sterilized salon environment.Courtesy of Folashade Oloye-Jordan
Braider Responsibilities To protect client’s health To protect your own health To protect your coworkers’ healthAs a braider practitioner your responsibilities are:
How do you protect yourself and your client’s health?Braider ResponsibilitiesBy taking the steps necessary to ensurethat potentially infectious organismsare not transmitted from one client toanother – or to yourself and otherbraiders – via sterilizing contaminated(dirty) styling tools, implements, andlaundry.
ReferencesCherishyourhealthtv. (2012, September 12). Bacteria and viruses - Whatis the difference between bacteria and viruses? Retrieved from YouTubewebsite: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-HThHRV4uo&feature=youtu.be.Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Penicillin [Video]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/449849/penicillin.Fashion xx. (n.d.). African-American braid hairstyles. Retrieved fromhttp://fashionxx.wordpress.com/page/6/.goBookee.com. (n.d.). Bacteria, viruses, and fungi - Natural Health.Retrieved fromhttp://www.feelgoodnow.co.nz/downloads/Bacteria_Viruses_Fungi.pdf.
JamJarMMX. (2012, April 20). GCSE Science Revision: Bacterialgrowth on hands. Retrieved from YouTube website:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xuEowtB7qg.Microbiology for Braider Health, Safety, Sanitation, and InfectionControl. (2013, June 13). Retrieved from Quizlet website:http://quizlet.com/24278842/microbiology-for-braider-health-safety-sanitation-and-infection-control-flash-cards/.NPR.Org. (n.d.). Flu Attack! How a virus invades your body. Retrievedfrom YouTube Website:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rpj0emEGShQ.References