Changing The Way We Age


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Changing The Way We Age

  1. 1. Changing the way we age Colin Milner, CEO International Council on Active Aging
  2. 2. • What we can do to change the way we age? • Key trends in active aging? • What does this mean to you? Today we are going to look at…
  3. 3. The world is flat. Isn’t it
  4. 4. How to get the most out of this session: • Ask “what if”? • How can I take this and apply it to ME? • Take 2 ideas and implement them • Be engaged • Ask questions
  5. 5. 47 Source: Active Aging in America, Volume 1. Residential and Commercial Fitness, US 2005
  6. 6. Over the past 100 years we have added an additional 30 plus years to life expectancy. The challenge now is to ensure quality of life during these years.
  7. 7. The Accumulation Effect of Population Aging This single fact, longer life, is the root cause of a tidal wave of change that is impacting economies, businesses, governments, communities, families and individuals. And yes, you.
  8. 8. = The Accumulation Affect More years + More people + More disease + More costs = More challenges More research + More human potential + More wealth + More options and solutions = More opportunities
  9. 9. = One such opportunity, according to the World Health Organization: “Active aging.”
  10. 10. “Engaged in life” Active aging describes individuals and populations who live life as fully as possible within the seven dimensions of wellness (emotional, vocational, physical, spiritual, intellectual, social, environmental). The concept of active aging can be summed up in the phrase What is Active Aging?
  11. 11. Tapping our human potential
  12. 12. Jack Lalane and wife
  13. 13. Fauja Singh 6x world marathon record holder • Started running at 80 • Now 95 • Spokesperson for Adidas
  14. 14. The 7 dimensions of wellness are key to an active, healthy life SOURCE: National Wellness Institute Physical Intellectual Social Vocational Spiritual Emotional Creating a balanced lifestyle Environmental
  15. 15. The foundation for an active life Physical Activity
  16. 16. Quality of life [style] is a top concern for aging adults • losing their health (73%), • losing the ability to take care of oneself (70%), • losing mental abilities (69%) and • running out of money (60%) Source: 2005 poll by USAToday/ABC
  17. 17. Chronic diseases and disabilities were once thought inseparable from old age. This view is changing rapidly as one disease after another joins the ranks of those that can be prevented or at least controlled, often through changes in lifestyle.
  18. 18. Nine out of 10 cases of type 2 diabetes could be prevented if people exercised more, ate better, stopped smoking and adopted other healthy behaviors. SOURCE: 2009 Archives of Internal Medicine
  19. 19. Middle-aged and older adults face a 90% chance of developing high blood pressure during their lives SOURCE: JAMA 2002;287:1003-1010
  20. 20. More than 2,000 medicines for older Americans are currently being tested in clinical trials or are waiting for Food and Drug Administration approval Source: Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, Medicines in Development for Older Americans on the PhRMA 2008
  21. 21. “There are few things you can do that have a more profound effect on more bodily systems than exercise. When you do vigorous exercise, every body system revs up: metabolic, biochemical, hormonal, temperature regulation, function and cardiovascular respiration.” Dr. Steven Blair
  22. 22. Physical activity… • prevents or controls the most common chronic diseases (for example, diabetes and heart disease), • enables people to function independently so they enjoy and grow in their lives, and • allows them to stay part of the active lives of their children, grandchildren and communities.
  23. 23. One example
  24. 24. In 2000, for the first time, the number of overweight people in the world rose to match the number who were underweight and starving: 1.2 billion. SOURCE: New York Times
  25. 25. "If we had a pill that contained all of the benefits of exercise, it would be the most widely prescribed drug in the world." Ronald M. Davis, M.D., AMA President.
  26. 26. 10 -12 years of added life by delaying disability o Do not smoke o Exercise, and proper nutrition can delay disability by 10 years Source: CDC
  27. 27. The Loss of Muscle & Strength with Age 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Leg Strength Age Strength%
  28. 28. Have difficulty lifting or carrying something as heavy as 10 pounds 22% 60 – 69 years of age 28% 70 – 79 years of age 46% 80 – 89 years of age Source: CDC
  29. 29. Residents in a nursing home ages 72 – 98 who completed a 10 week strength training program saw increases of 113% Source: New England Journal of Medicine
  30. 30. Have some level of difficulty stooping, crouching, or kneeling 42% 60 – 69 years of age 52% 70 – 79 years of age 66% 80 – 89 years of age Source: CDC
  31. 31. Have difficulty walking for a quarter of a mile 21% 60 – 69 years of age 30% 70 – 79 years of age 49% 80 – 89 years of age Have difficulty walking up 10 stairs without resting 18% 60 – 69 years of age 26% 70 – 79 years of age 41% 80 – 89 years of age Source: CDC
  32. 32. Elements to include in a fitness program 2-3 times a week strength training 150 minutes a week, cardiovascular exercises Appropriate breathing techniques Flexibility, balance and coordination Range of motion movements, along with appropriate assessments and screening Proper nutrition and weight control
  33. 33. Led by Baby Boomers, sports injuries have become the No. 2 reason for visits to a doctor's office nationwide, behind the common cold. Source: 2003 survey by National Ambulatory Medical Care. Ensure you train right to avoid the doctors office
  34. 34. What we know as aging in many cases is simple disuse, whether physical or mental. Use it or lose. Even if you lost it, you can find it again.
  35. 35. Beyond the physical: Brain Fitness
  36. 36. Challenging the mind as we age is crucial to staving off diseases like Alzheimer’s. A 2009 study adds to a growing body of evidence that mentally challenging activities like word games, playing cards, reading and writing may delay the rapid memory loss that occurs with Alzheimer’s disease. SOURCE: “Cognitive Activities Delay Onset of Memory Decline in Persons Who Develop Dementia.” Neurology, Volume 73, pages 356-361, August, 2009
  37. 37. Brain fitness  Brain Age  Happy Neuron  Mattel  Posit Science Brain Fitness on Entrepreneur magazine 2008 Hot List
  38. 38. Impacts of Active Aging On a Canadian Healthcare Model CEI ARCHITECTURE PLANNING INTERIORS The majority of older people are keen to learn new skills: •59% interested in learning about the internet & digital television •73% want courses on how to stay healthy and active •58% want financial advice and tips on managing money The research, commissioned by Help The Aged, warned that one in three older people now felt out of touch with modern life. Source: Help the Aged
  39. 39. The use of technology for engagement and participation:  PDA’s  Online lifestyle coaches  Tele-coach  GPS
  40. 40. Between June 2008 and January 2009, the number of Facebook members ages 35- 54 nearly quadrupled -- and members older than 55 tripled, Source: iStrategyLabs, a digital marketing agency.
  41. 41. Recognize abilities; Identify personal mission and goals; Learn new skills; Develop new interests; Titles, roles, never retire; Life plan, hobbies, volunteer, help others.
  42. 42. Empower yourself to fully use life experiences, skills and cultural and spiritual wisdom, creativity and energy. - Sageing - Mentoring (US Gov’t) - Volunteering or employment - New vocational education
  43. 43. Dr Google provides alternatives
  44. 44. The vast majority of older adults say that taking care of their health is very important, but they do not feel knowledgeable about how to prepare for a healthy old age. Source: National Council on the Aging. 2002. “American Perceptions of Aging in the 21st Century.”
  45. 45. 93% of Baby Boomers and older adults seek health information from their physician Source: Focalycst 2007 (Boomers and Decisions about their Health)
  46. 46. Older patients are less likely than younger people to receive preventive care or to be tested or screened for diseases and other health problems. Source: Circulation 2001;104:1350–1357
  47. 47. Internet use: Health information 82% of those 30–49 70% of adults ages 50–64 use the Internet 33% of those over 65 Source 2006 Pew Internet and American Life Project study
  48. 48. Seeking alternative paths to age well
  49. 49. 63% of adults 50 plus reported using CAM 66% did so to treat a specific condition 65% or for overall wellness Source: Complementary and Alternative Medicine: What People 50 and Older Are Using and Discussing with Their Physicians Looking for alternatives medicines to improve health
  50. 50. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is defined as a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine. Seeking Alternatives
  51. 51. Top two types of CAM 45% Bodywork includes massage therapy and chiropractic manipulation 42% herbal products or dietary supplements Source: Complementary and Alternative Medicine: What People 50 and Older Are Using and Discussing with Their Physicians Complementary and alternative medicine
  52. 52. Programs that encourage participants to… …be in the moment: …listen to the sounds of nature, …smell the fragrance of the outdoors. Remind them that this time is theirs and by taking part in this experience they are improving their health and well-being. Spiritually active
  53. 53. Impacts of Active Aging On a Canadian Healthcare Model CEI ARCHITECTURE PLANNING INTERIORS Alternative therapies also address Emotional Health
  54. 54. Impacts of Active Aging On a Canadian Healthcare Model CEI ARCHITECTURE PLANNING INTERIORS Depression-will be the second greatest cause of premature death and disability worldwide by 2020. SOURCE: World Health Organization
  55. 55. Emphasizes an awareness and acceptance of one’s feelings. It reflects the degree to which individuals feel positive and enthusiastic about themselves and life. Involves the capacity to manage feelings and behaviors, accept oneself unconditionally, assess limitations, develop autonomy and cope with stress .
  56. 56. Impacts of Active Aging On a Canadian Healthcare Model CEI ARCHITECTURE PLANNING INTERIORS Research shows that older people can literally “think” themselves into the grave by feeling “bad” about getting old Study participants who said they had more positive views about aging lived an average 7.6 years longer than those with negative perceptions of aging Source: Yale University
  57. 57. The emotional dimension Happiness leads to low blood pressure Source: The University of Warwick (February 2007)
  58. 58. Impacts of Active Aging On a Canadian Healthcare Model CEI ARCHITECTURE PLANNING INTERIORS Programs that support this dimension can have a profound effect on the lives of many older adults; •Exercise •Mind-body exercise classes •Spa services •Stress management workshops or counseling •Behavioral modification classes or counseling •Humor workshops •Music therapy •Support groups and social events are only a few such programs
  59. 59. Plugging the energy crisis
  60. 60. Former Surgeon General and Canyon Ranch CEO Richard Carmona recently reported that energy medicine is one of the emerging science areas they’re pursuing for their forward-thinking medical resorts. Canyon Ranch’s elaborate Healing Energy menu.
  61. 61. Energy 82 % of older adults want to maintain a healthy lifestyle to ensure they have energy as they age Source:AARP
  62. 62. Relevance: Energy 69% of older adults exercise to increase their energy level yet lack of energy a barrier to exercise SOURCE:Age and Ageing 2004;33:287-292
  63. 63. Energy Boosting Assess your energy level and lifestyle Establish what is causing your lack of energy:  schedule,  depression,  drug interactions,  travel,  poor nutrition,  lack of sleep,  lack of exercise, etc.) then…
  64. 64. Energy Boosting 1. Manage your time and commitments 2. Manage your stress through meditations, humor workshops, etc 3. Prevent, retard or manage chronic health issue with support from doctors, etc. e.g.. chronic fatigue, breathing, obesity
  65. 65. Energy Boosting 1. Participate in social programs, if socially isolated 2. Manage your nutrition, e.g. not enough food, too much food, caffeine 3. Sleep
  66. 66. Thank you Colin Milner