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Confucius 09


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Confucius 09

  1. 1. Type I: As you come into class, please answer this question. <ul><li>How do teachers keep order in a classroom? What is effective and what isn’t an effective method of classroom management in your expert opinion. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Confucius
  3. 3. China before Confucius <ul><li>Period of Warring States </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of death and torture </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘State’ has been lost. </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How do </li></ul><ul><li>we get back to order? </li></ul>
  4. 5. Confucius <ul><li>Born in 551 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>died in 479 B.C. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Confucianism <ul><li>Concerned primarily with restoring social stability and order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the basis of a stable, unified, and enduring social order? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>a system of social and ethical philosophy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ only when character is cultivated are our families regulated; only when families are regulated are states well governed.” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Confucianism <ul><li>li </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rituals, norms, institutions, or mores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the outer, conforming aspect of Confucianism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ren </li></ul><ul><ul><li>humaneness, love, kindness, benevolence, or virtue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the inner, reforming aspect of Confucianism </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Li <ul><li>Rites, ceremonies, proper behavior, and good manner </li></ul><ul><li>universal harmony </li></ul><ul><li>performed in good faith, with everyone keeping to his or her proper role </li></ul><ul><li>no need for physical sanctions, laws, or punishment </li></ul>
  8. 9. Ren <ul><li>Relationship between &quot;two persons” </li></ul><ul><li>extension of filial piety to all human beings </li></ul><ul><li>each role in the hierarchy of social relations had clearly defined duties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reciprocity or mutual responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Five relationships <ul><li>father-child </li></ul><ul><li>ruler-subject </li></ul><ul><li>husband-wife </li></ul><ul><li>elder brother-younger brother </li></ul><ul><li>friend-friend </li></ul>
  10. 11. Confucianism <ul><li>Persecuted in Qin Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>221 B.C. - 206 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>promoted by later rulers </li></ul>
  11. 12. Confucianism <ul><li>reinforced by the civil examination system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ keju”: civil examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from 605 to 1905 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. In today’s China