Public, Private, & Social?


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Public, Private, & Social?

  1. 1. Public, Private, Social? Trebor Scholz Department of Media Study Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 1
  2. 2. Public Sphere? 2
  3. 3. The Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas quot;a network for communicating information and points of viewquot; Ideas eventually become public opinion “public sphere” vs. “private sphere” 3
  4. 4. The Public Sphere Public sphere is closely connected with politics He demands channels of “undistorted communication” and stresses the importance of emancipatory tools for participation in the public sphere. The public sphere describes the part of life in which one interacts with other people and society at large. 4
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  6. 6. The Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas Three key features Participation is open to all Any issue can be raised for rational debate All participants considered equal 6
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  8. 8. Preconditions to participation 1. Technological literacy 2. Time commitment 3. Additional financial resources 8
  9. 9. Boulevard 9
  10. 10. Time Significant time investment to create quality online content Time investment is in reading and keeping up with new developments This dissuades many from involvement 10
  11. 11. The Decline of Social Capital? 11
  12. 12. Social Capital 12
  13. 13. Social Capital Putnam: Resources available to you based on your network quot;refers to the collective value of all 'social networks' and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each otherquot;. 13
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  17. 17. Smaller groups, not large Active involvement in face to face tertiary groups is down (e.g., Rotary, etc) National Rifle Association, AAA still high as commitment is low 17
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  19. 19. Putnam: Since end of WWII In the United States decline in civic participation, religious participation (church), civic participation, altruism, reciprocity, workplace (union membership), informal connections, political participation (voting, running for office) 19
  20. 20. Putnam: social capital is a key component to building and maintaining democracy. Social capital is declining in the United States. Putnam: America is far less connected 20
  21. 21. ... far less connected? Oh, really? 21
  22. 22. What’s wrong? 22
  23. 23. Culture of Parental “Ubercontrol” 23
  24. 24. Urban Sprawl 24
  25. 25. Culture of Fear 25
  26. 26. SNS linked to obesity 26
  27. 27. Networked lifestyle, changing character of work 27
  28. 28. Decline of face to face contact!? 28
  29. 29. Reclaim the Streets 29
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  31. 31. Social Networking as Temporary Patch for Social Ills? 31
  32. 32. The Networked Public Sphere Yochai Benkler 32
  33. 33. The Commons 33
  34. 34. The Networked Public Sphere 34
  35. 35. Many theorists have looked for terms that best describe the changes that followed the introduction of the Internet. The term “networked public sphere” speaks to a more expanded notion of the public sphere, taking into account social life on the World Wide Web. 35
  36. 36. Yochai Benkler Emergence of the Networked Public Sphere 36
  37. 37. Networked Public Sphere Cost of becoming a speaker lowered For authoritarian countries it is harder and more expensive to maintain control over public spheres China, Singapore, Vietnam Cost of sending an email, setting up a web page, interactions with many people 37
  38. 38. Trent Lott 1)Lott story originally posted on 2) Slate & the Washington Post 3) Widespread attention gained online. Basic tools are radically decentralized “See for yourself” culture Generative Internet 38
  39. 39. (media sharing, video) (The MySpace for Christians) (Latino social networking site) (referral and social networking around music) (free social networking, cars) (social networking, online education, e-commerce) (online identity) (social networking for professional women, feminist) (Christian social networking site) (social networking for soccer players) (referral site about travel) (social networking, media sharing, family-focused) (sharing of all kinds of lists with friends) (blogging, media sharing) (mobile social networking) 2006 39
  40. 40. (social networking site of the National Hockey League) (social networking for pet aficionados) (social search) (social networking and referral grouped around fashion) (social networking site about mental health and wellness) (feminist social networking site celebrating friendships among women) (social networking focused on weddings) (social networking and referral for the entire family) 2006 (activist, youth social networking) 40
  41. 41. (mobile social networking and media sharing) (social networking around baking) (social networking about books) (mobile media sharing) (mobile social networking, IM) (social maps) (micro-blogging) (social news site) (Game platform) 2007 41
  42. 42. Plural Monocultures split into small fractionalized topical niches 42
  43. 43. The Daily We “The Daily Me, My Friends, and Some Folks I Respect.” plural monocultures split into small fractionalized topical niches quot;The connections among people help guide what the group learns and knows.quot; David Weinberger 43
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