Music subcultures.Throughout history youth sub-cultures have continued to grow and evolve. The study ofyouth subcultures often consists of symbolism. Youth subcultures are often defined bythings such as fashion, beliefs, slang, behaviour and music. Vehicles, for example cars andmotorbikes, have and are a classic use of defining types of youth subcultures. In the1960s,The mods were associated with scooters such as the Lambretta or Vespa, whiletheir ‘enemies’ the rockers were associated with motorbikes such as the Triumph.According to Dick Hebdige in his book sub-cultures: The meaning of style 1979 a youthsub-culture is a group of young people who define themselves in opposition to the parentculture of their society. One of the ways in which youth sub-cultures define themselves isthrough music. Each musical genre might have its own sub-culture associated with it someexamples of music youth sub-cultures include Skinheads, MODS, Punks, Rockers, Emosand Ravers. The music genre associated with these subcultures would be as follows…
Skinhead Subculture.The Skinhead Subculture originated among working class youths throughout the UKin the 1960’s. Famed for their close-cut or fully shaven head. The first of the‘Skinheads’ were hugely influenced by the ‘Rude boys’ and ‘British Mods’. TheSkinhead culture had certain elements that distinguished them from others. Theirfashion, Button up Fred Perry or Ben Sherman polo shirts, fitted blazer orHarrington Jackets, Tight Levi jeans and the Dr Martin work boots. The Skinheadassociated music of such as soul, ska, rocksteady and early reggae listening to bandsand artists such as Symarip and The Pioneers, Desmond Dekker and The Specials.The original Skinhead subculture was firstly wholly based on those factors. Howeveras time progressed Attitudes and common ideologies towards Politics and Racehave become factors by Most Skinheads now model themselves.
MOD Subculture.The ‘MODS’ subculture originated in London in the late 1950s and grew in the early-to-mid 1960s.The most important elements of the MOD subculture include their fashion,Tailor made suits and parka coats and the use of brands such as Fred Perry and BenSherman. The music associated with MOD culture is Northern Soul, Rhythm and Bluesand British music including bands such as The Who, The Kinks and The Small Faces.Also the scooters such as the Lambretta or the Vespa . Mods were famed for havingnever ending conflict with the population of ‘The Rockers’ Referring to them as‘greasers’. The original mod scene was also associated with amphetamine-fuelled all-night dancing at clubs.Dick Hebdige claims that the progenitors of the mod subculture "appear to have beena group of working-class dandies, possibly descended from the devotees of theItalianate style
Punk Subculture.The punk Subculture was first seen emerging in the UK, USA and Australia in themid 1970’s. Debates into exactly which region originated Punk is an on-going feudand major controversy within the subculture. Punk’s seeked the shock other withtheir controversial dress code. Their use of eccentric hair styles, make-up andtattoos outraged other members of the public. Ripped clothing was held togetherby safety pins or wrapped with tape. Other clothing including fabrics being usedsuch as Leather, Rubber and Vinyl. Safety pins, Razor Blades, Nails and bike chainswere used as jewellery. The punk subculture is centred on listening to loud,aggressive music called punk rock, The use of the distorted guitars and noisydrumming that is derived from 1960s garage rock and 1970s pub rock. Membersof other cultures such as Blacks, Latinos, and Asians have also contributed to thegrowth and development of the subculture.
Rocker Subculture.The Rockers’ are a biker subculture that originated in the UK in the 1950s. Itwas mainly centred on British cafe racer motorcycles. Throughout the 50’sthe emerging mass media started targeting the rock subculture deemingthem as folk devils (Stanley Cohen 1972) which in turn created moral panic.Rockers immersed themselves in rock and roll music; They became to beknown as much for their devotion to the music as they were for theirmotorcycles. The rockers listened to artists as Gene Vincent, Eddie Cochran,Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley and Elvis Presley.
Emo Subculture.The Emo subculture consists of youths that express emotions that they canrelate to. This subculture started in the mid-1980s. Emo has been widelyassociated with a stereotype that includes being particularly emotional, sensitiveand shy along with been associated with depression, self-injury, and suicide.‘Emo is often stereotyped with wearing tight fitted clothes and long hair thatcovers one or both eyes. The music of the Emo subculture is emotional hardcoreor emocore and Screamo. Bands such as Rites of Spring and Embrace werepioneered because of such genres.
Raver Subculture.The raver subculture, to what culture now class as ‘rave’ was first seen in 1970s butthen grew into the mid-1980s. Although the term ‘Rave’ was first used in the1950s. ‘Ravers’ are famed for its acid house parties with fast-paced electro musicand light shows. Ravers are often perceived as having a fashion trend offluorescent, bright and glow in the dark clothing, shoes and accessories. Thegenres Electro, House, Trance, Hardstyle, Drum and bass, Dubstep, Breakbeat andHardcore Techno is the music commonly associated with the rave scene. Ravers arealso commonly associated with the use of Illegal Drugs.
Goth SubcultureThe goth subculture was found in many countries. It began in England in the early 80sin the gothic rock scene. The goth subculture has survived much longer than othersof the same era, and has continued to diversify. The goth subculture has associatedtastes in music and fashion. Styles of dress within the subculture range from punk toVictorian style clothes, most often with dark clothing, makeup and hair. Gothic musicis a number of different styles including Gothic rock, Darkwave, Deathrock, Ethereal,Neo-Medieval and Neoclassical. The limited number of bands that began the gothicrock scene included Specimen, The Damned, The Cure, The Birthday Party, SouthernDeath Cult, Decay, Alien Sex Fiend and Christian Death. Gloria Mundi, (early) Adamand the Ants, and Killing Joke.