Chapter 11 SDLA


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Chapter 11 SDLA

  1. 1. Chapter 11: ...and other Social History.
  2. 2. Sermon Agenda: I. Rural Communalism & Urban Popular Culture (***Activity & Communion) II. Individualism, Perfectionism, and Literature (***Activity) III. Abolitionism & Racism IV. The Women's Rights Movement (***Closing)
  3. 3. Rural Communalism & Random Religions <ul><li>Shakers: Mother Ann Lee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1770- Characterized by ecstatic dances, celibacy, gender equality, and abstention from alcohol, tobacco, politics, and war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attraction: economic success of communes & sexual equality. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arthur Brisbane and the Fourierists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1840s- Characterized by Socialism, Communal property, economic freedom and equality for women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attraction: Radical utopian ideology and stability. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rural Communalism & Random Religions (cont.) <ul><li>John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1840s- Characterized by: Piety and Perfectionism, Complex marriage, freedom for women, cooperative spirit, sexual equality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attraction: stability and communal spirit, sexual equality, economic success. (Oneida Community Ltd.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...and then the Mormons: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rural Communalism & Random Religions (cont.) <ul><li>Mormons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded by Joseph Smith, Revelations during the second Great Awakening . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published the book of Mormon, &quot;Another Testament of Jesus Christ&quot; (why these groups are lobbed together) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aroused much more animosity than other religious groups. Characterized by: traditional social doctrines, patriarchal authority, encouragement of traditional capitalist values, (frugality, hard work, etc.), Communal discipline. Some were polygamists… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Activity
  7. 7. How accurate is this example? In reality: These were minorities.
  8. 8. Urban Popular Culture in Practice <ul><li>Young Men, Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flocking to city for fortune and adventure. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Culture: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Men- Often obtained low-paying jobs as wageworkers or clerks. They spent much of their money on attractive clothes. Promiscuity was socially acceptable. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women- Harder time obtaining work. Often turned to prostitution. Also spent money on nice clothes to attract men. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Racism & Abolitionism <ul><li>Racism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minstrel Shows: White men dressed as black, racist fun for the whole family. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also, occasional socially critical Nativist Clubs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Against Immigration, attacked foreign born residents culturally, ethnically, and physically. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Abolitionism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free blacks and whites call for the freedom of slaves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to use legal means to fight for race equality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Die hards like William Lloyd Garrison appealed to religious Americana using mass communication. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped African Americans who escaped from slavery and appealed to national legislatures. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Women's Rights: An abridged version <ul><li>Who's Who on the People List: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margaret Fuller (1840s) Taught that women had a relationship with God, and that gave them a separate social identity, and made them equal to men. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorothea Dix (1820-40s) Published 7 books by 1832, and advocated education. In 1841 she convinced others to establish a hospital for those with mental illness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852) Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which told that the greatest moral failing of slavery was the mistreatment of women slaves. </li></ul></ul>= feminist much?
  11. 11. Women's Rights: (cont) <ul><li>Who's Who on the People List: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sojourner Truth (1840s) A freed slave, Truth was a strong Christian, and after joining an extreme Christian religion, she became a strong speaker for abolitionism and women’s rights. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1848) With Lucretia Mott organized a gathering in Seneca Falls, where the Declaration of Sentiments was formed, a declaration of gender equality. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Susan B. Anthony (1850-60s) A strong political campaigner, who fought for women’s rights. In 1860 she succeeded in passing a law allowing women to collect and spend their own wages. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Activity Book Review