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Trautmiller D M7 A2


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Trautmiller D M7 A2

  1. 1. Ineffective PTSD Prevention PTSD: is it preventable, are the current treatment methods effective or is more research needed?
  2. 2. PTSD Treatment <ul><li>Revolves around counseling after a traumatic event has occurred. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ineffective in the long term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Studies show that symptoms worsen over time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ineffective as a means of prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is PTSD treatment better examined as through a means of prevention? </li></ul>
  3. 3. PTSD Prevention <ul><li>Cannot prevent traumatic events from occurring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We must understand stressors and experience in their social processes, context and impact on each individual </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. PTSD Prevention <ul><li>Current methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention of development of symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debriefing techniques </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CISD </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuum of care approach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple stress debriefing model </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These techniques have shown to only be effective for a short period of time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. PTSD Prevention <ul><li>Is there a need to increase prevention effectiveness? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current studies show that PTSD diagnosis is on the rise among OIF/OEF veterans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of 100,000 OIF/OEF veterans 25% received mental health diagnosis of or relating to PTSD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the possibilities when there are currently over 1.6 million OIF/OEF veterans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar studies show that there is a direct correlation between PTSD and… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suicidal ideation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Completed suicide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol abuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other depression disorders </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PTSD Prevention <ul><li>Alternative methods to intervention and debriefing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ness and Macaskill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research found that PTSD prevention may be a matter of situational awareness and problem solving skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Further research is needed but various accounts describe events that may have resulted in the development of PTSD symptoms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victims described </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Situational awareness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety control as a result </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No PTSD symptoms developed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PTSD Prevention <ul><li>Situational control and problem solving skills cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant training for military and emergency service personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a means of controlling anxiety and related PTSD symptoms? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. PTSD Treatment and Prevention <ul><li>As the world changes, PTSD development and symptoms change with it </li></ul><ul><li>Due to this change there is an obvious need for continued research and development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current methods that were once effective may not have been to begin with, or no longer are </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Can an effective method of preventing PTSD development be found?