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  1. SINGAPORE’S STRATEGIES FOR A PEOPLE CENTRED LAND TRANSPORT SYSTEMChoi Chik Cheong What Cities Want : International study on urban mobility in selected cities worldwide
  2. Outline • Singapore’s Land Transport • Challenges • Key Strategies2
  3. 3
  4. Land Constraint 23 km 43 km CBD High-density housing Population: 5.2 million Land Area: 714 sq. km 4Note: Figures accurate as of Jan 12
  5. Road Transport • Road Network: 3,400 km • Expressway Network: 161 km • Vehicle Population: 959,699 • Car population: 608,958Note:(a) Road & Expressway Figures – Accurate as of Mar 12 5(b) Vehicle Figures - Accurate as of Mar 12
  6. Main Public Transport Modes MRT: 149km, 99 stations Buses: 342 routes, 4112 buses Taxi: 27,163 LRT: 29 km, 43 stations 6Note: MRT, LRT, Bus and Taxi figures accurate as of Mar 12
  7. Travel Statistics Daily MRT/LRT trips: 2.4 million Daily Bus trips: 3.4 million Daily Taxi trips: 0.9 million 7Note: Average daily travel figures for the year 2011
  8. Rapid Transit System• MRT serves the heavy transit corridors• 2 RTS Operators - SMRT & SBS Transit• 178 km of MRT & LRT Lines• Fares and services are regulated 8
  9. Buses• Provides comprehensive coverage• 2 bus operators - SMRT Buses & SBS Transit • Assigned areas of responsibility• > 340 scheduled services• 4,000 fleet• Fares and service standards are regulated 9
  10. Taxis• Personalised public transport service• Industry has been liberalised • Fares are de-regulated • New entrants allowed• 7 taxi companies + some individual owners (yellow top taxis)• Service standards are regulated 10
  11. VisionA people- centred land transport system.MissionTo provide an efficient and cost- effective land transport system fordifferent needs. 11
  12. LTA’s Functions• Formulation of land transport policies• Integrate transport planning with land use• Plan, design and develop Rapid Transit System (RTS) and road infrastructure• Manage road traffic and maintain road infrastructure• Promote public transport• Regulate public transport services• Regulate private transport ownership and usage• Centralised bus network planning (from 2009)• Acquiring payment transactions for public transport, road pricing and electronic parking system. 12
  13. Land Transport MasterPlan (LTMP)
  14. Three Key Strategies A People-Centred Land Transport System S1. Make public S2. Manage Road S3. Meet Diverse transport a choice Use Needs mode 14
  15. Making public transport a choice mode - Key Target by 2020 • Increase AM peak modal share on public transport from 59% to 70% - Private Transport - Public Transport 2008 Mode Share Target 2020 Mode Share (am peak) (am peak) 41% 30% 70% 59%S1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode
  17. Key Challenges1) Increasing Travel Demand 2) Limited Land Space 14.3 mil 12% 15% Land Use Roads Housing 11 mil Others Today 2020 73% Increase in Travel Demand must be met largely by Public Transport
  18. Crowded TrainsCongestion at Bishan MRT station
  19. MRT Breakdowns & DisruptionsNews articles on North South Line MRT Breakdown on 15 December 2011
  20. Fare Integration Network Physical Integration Integration Integrated Public TransportInstitutional Information Integration System Integration
  21. Institutional Established 1995 Integration Land Transport Authority
  22. Network Hub-and-spoke systemIntegration Backbone: MRT and trunk buses Feeder: Feeder buses and LRT Hubs: Bus and MRT Interchanges Central Bus Network Planner (2009)
  23. Enhance Commuter Experience EZ link system Key Bus Premium Bus Services Map Services Upgraded Bus Real-Time Bus Upgraded Bus Stops Info Panels PolesS1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode
  24. More Priority for Buses Full Day Bus Lanes Priority given to Mandatory Give-Way Bus Service buses at cross at Bus Bays Enhancement road junctions Programme 24S1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode
  25. More Buses Government to co-fund EUR 700K bus fleet expansion – total 800 more buses over the next 5 years 25S1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode
  26. Rail network by 2020: EUR 38 billionExpand the Rail Network Today: 178 km By 2020 : 278 km Existing In Progress By 2020 North Thomson North-East Line West NSL NEL Downtown East Line 2 Downtown Line 3 EWL Eastern Central RegionTuas Extension Region Line Circle Line Downtown Line 1 North South Line ExtensionS1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode 26
  27. PhysicalIntegration Creating Lifestyle Sengkang Interchange Hubs Improving Accessibility and Connectivity Ang Mo Kio Hub
  28. Integrated Public Transport Hubs Existing Upcoming Ang Mo Kio HubToa Payoh Hub Yishun Sengkang Bt Panjang Ang Mo Kio Hougang Boon Lay Toa Payoh Serangoon Jurong East Bedok Joo Koon Clementi Marina South 28 S1:Make Public Transport A Choice Mode
  29. Increasing Train Capacity• Adding more trains(The Straits Times, Pg C8, 8 March 2012)• Re-signalling to increase train frequency and capacity
  30. PLANET“Analyses 4 billion records within minutes”
  31. Information Geographic Information Integration System Real-time Travel information Websites & google map
  32. Data Source: CEPASContactless E-Purse Application Standard A National Standard for Multi-Purpose Contactless Stored-Value Card, a form of Contactless Smart Card (CSC) Public PrivateOne Card,Many Uses Transport Retail Transport Parking
  33. S2. Manage Road Use • Develop road network • Leverage on technology • Demand management measures • Ownership control • Usage restraints 33S2: Manage Road Usage
  34. Expand Road Network• Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway (Sept 2008)• Marina Coastal Expressway (2013)• North South Expressway (2020)34 S2: Manage Road Usage
  35. Manage Road Traffic – with technology Parking Junction Guidance Eyes SystemExpressway Monitoring & Advisory System
  36. Demand Management Combination of Ownership and Usage Measures Ownership Usage Control Restraint 1.Limit ownership  VQS 1. Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) 2.Increase ownership cost 2. Petrol duty • Additional Registration Fee (ARF) • Excise duty • Road tax 36S2: Manage Road Usage
  37. Vehicle Quota System (VQS) •Regulates vehicle population growth at a rate that can be sustained by road network • 3% p.a. from 1990 to 2008 • 1.5% p.a. from 2009 to 2012 • 0.5% p.a. from 2013 to 2014 •A Certificate of Entitlement (COE) required to register a new vehicle, valid for 10 years •Open bidding exercise on the Internet 37S2: Manage Road Usage
  38. Electronic Road Pricing• ERP is a congestion management tool• Flexible - rates vary by location/time, based on local traffic conditions• Equitable - motorists pay for congestion costs imposed on others or choose to travel at different time/ route/ use public transport• ERP rates - determine based on local traffic conditions, location and time of the day S2: Manage Road Usage 38
  39. Electronic Road Pricing• ERP Rates reviewed every 3 months• To ensure optimal use of road spaceExpressways 45 km/h 65 km/h Increase rate Optimal Speed Range Decrease rateIncrease rate Optimal Speed Range Decrease rate 20 km/h 30 km/h Other RoadsS2: Manage Road Usage39
  40. S3. Meeting Diverse NeedsImplement barrier-free accessibility • MRT stations - lifts and tactile guidance system • Wheelchair accessible buses • Barrier-free road and road related facilities Noise Abatement Measures • Complete island-wide noise measurement study • Install noise barriers at existing viaducts and turnouts S3: Meeting Diverse Needs40
  41. Facilitate Cycling • Foldable bicycles allowed on buses and trains • Better bicycle parking facilities at public transport nodes • Implement cycling path networks and parking facilities in public housing estates • Dedicated cycling tracks next to pedestrians footpaths S3: Meeting Diverse Needs41
  42. Facilitate Cycling – EUR27 million S3: Meeting Diverse Needs42
  43. Achieving Cleaner Transport Diesel-Hybrid Buses Electric Vehicles (EVs)• To trial on Diesel Hybrid Bus • EV Taskforce/Test-BedTechnology • To conduct feasibility study on setting up the infrastructure for Electric Vehicles (EV)Green Transport Research New Carbon Emissions Scheme • E.g. Development of Fuel Cell • New cars with higher carbon Bus, Transport Energy emissions pay between $5,000 to Efficiency and Cycling $20,000 more Behaviour • Rebates within the same range apply to vehicles producing less carbon dioxide S3: Meeting Diverse Needs43
  44. THANK YOU Orchard MRT Station 44