Intl Iraq 本番


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Intl Iraq 本番

  1. 1. Iraq war ~ The endless war ~
  2. 2. How did the “Iraq War” start? Relations with Iran-Iraq War ~ <ul><li>For several decades, the United States had been an ally and backer of Iran's Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. </li></ul><ul><li>The westernized lifestyle of the Iranian elite united Islamists and leftists against the Shah, and led to his overthrow </li></ul><ul><li>After the revolution in Iran, there was an occupation of the U.S. embassy in Tehran by militant students. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon afterwards in 1980, Iran- Iraq war occurs due to the border dispute. </li></ul><ul><li>However when Iraq was on the defensive against Iranian attacks, US began supporting Iraq with weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a leader called Saddam Hussein, Iraq successfully wins the war. </li></ul>“ Saddam Hussein shaking hands with Donald Rumsfeld”
  3. 3. How did the “Iraq War” start? ~Relations with Gulf War~ Kuwait Iran Israel America UN Reopen diplomatic relations Invades Demands an “immediate and unconditional” withdraw Enemies Strikes missiles Sets deadline for withdraw
  4. 4. How did the “Iraq War” start? ~What led to the Iraq War?~ <ul><li>1998 31 October - Iraq ends cooperation with UN Special Commission to Oversee the Destruction of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction called UNSCOM </li></ul><ul><li>1998 16-19 December - US and UK launch a bombing campaign, &quot;Operation Desert Fox&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>1999 17 December - UNSC Resolution 1284 creates the UNMOVIC to replace UNSCOM. However, Iraq rejects to the resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>2002 September - Bush tells skeptical world leaders at a UN General Assembly session to face the &quot;grave and gathering danger&quot; of Iraq or stand aside as the US acts. Rumsfeld accuses Iraq of harbouring al Qaeda terrorists and aiding their quest for WMD. </li></ul><ul><li>2002 November – Iraq accepts UN Security Council Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Iraq a dictator is building and hiding weapons that could enable him to dominate the Middle East and intimidate the civilized world - and we will not allow it” --- US President George W Bush, February 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>2003 5 th Powell presents tape recordings, satellite photographs and other intelligence data to prove WMD. </li></ul><ul><li>2003 17 March - Bush gives Saddam Hussein and his sons 48 hours to leave Iraq or face war. </li></ul><ul><li>2003 20 March - American missiles hit targets in Baghdad. </li></ul>BUT Greenspan, the consummate Washington insider and longtime head of the US central bank, claimed the invasion of Iraq was motivated by oil.
  5. 5. Weapons of Mass Destruction… what was it all about?! Wilson returned to America claiming the yellowcakes were equivocally wrong. Wilson went to Iraq to investigate about the weapons The threat of potential WMD in Iraq was used by George W, Bush to generate public support for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. “ CIA investigated about the yellowcakes claims and believed them to be fraudulent” ---- New York Times Richard Armitage, who gave the source was NEVER charged… Weapons which can kill large numbers of human…..
  6. 6. Shocking Reality 1: ~ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)~‏ <ul><li>Their job is to collect information that reveals the plans, intentions and capabilities of their adversaries and to provide the basis for decision and action which will protect and advance America’s interest. </li></ul><ul><li>However, harsh interrogation techniques authorized by top officials of the CIA have led to questionable confessions and the death of a detainee since the techniques were first authorized in mid-March 2002, ABC News has been told by former and current intelligence officers and supervisors. </li></ul><ul><li>The New York Times recently reported that Abu Zubaydah, the first al-Qaeda member captured after the September 11 attacks, was kept in a freezing cell until he went blue, and later assailed with loud Red Hot Chili Peppers music. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity. We uphold the highest standards of conduct. We seek and speak the truth—to our colleagues and to our customers. We honor those Agency officers who have come before us and we honor the colleagues with whom we work today. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shocking Reality 1: ~ Tough Interrogation Techniques the CIA wants to use~ <ul><li>1. The Attention Grab : The interrogator grabs the shirt front of the prisoner   by   force and shakes him. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Attention Slap : An open-handed slap aimed at causing pain and triggering fear. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The Belly Slap : A hard open-handed slap to the stomach. The aim is to cause pain, but not internal injury. Doctors consulted advised against using a punch, which could cause lasting internal damage. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Long Time Standing : This technique is described as among the most effective. Prisoners are forced to stand, handcuffed and with their feet shackled to an eye bolt in the floor for more than 40 hours. Exhaustion and sleep deprivation are effective in yielding confessions. </li></ul><ul><li>5. The Cold Cell : The prisoner is left to stand naked in a cell kept near 50 degrees. Throughout the time in the cell the prisoner is doused with cold water. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Water Boarding : The prisoner is bound to an inclined board, feet raised and head slightly below the feet. Cellophane is wrapped over the prisoner's face and water is poured over him. Unavoidably, the gag reflex kicks in and a terrifying fear of drowning leads to almost instant pleas to bring the treatment to a halt. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Shocking Reality 2: ~ Breaking the “Geneva Convention”~ <ul><li>Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949. </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners of war must at all times be humanely treated. Any unlawful act or omission by the Detaining Power causing death or seriously endangering the health of a prisoner of war in its custody is prohibited, and will be regarded as a serious breach of the present Convention. In particular, no prisoner of war may be subjected to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are not justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the prisoner concerned and carried out in his interest. Likewise, prisoners of war must at all times be protected, particularly against acts of violence or intimidation and against insults and public curiosity. Measures of reprisal against prisoners of war are prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>This ratified by 144 countries excluding, India, Myanmar, North Korea, and Zimbabwe. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Shocking Reality 3: ~ Is Torture Ever Justified? How many countries agree to tortures?~ <ul><li>The September 11 th attacks have not driven any rich democracy to reverse itself and make torture legal. But they have encouraged the bending of definitions and the turning of blind eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>In a BBC survey which 27,000 people from 25 countries participated shows that more than 1 out of 3 people considered a degree of torture acceptable if it saved lives. On the other hand, the European power countries opposing rate is highest. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychological and physical condition caused by extremely frightening or shocking events. </li></ul><ul><li>Major symptoms are having nightmares or flashbacks, disturbed sleep, irrational anger, and feelings of isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>It can take weeks or even years to recover. </li></ul><ul><li>Patients are often unable to continue working, and in many cases it destroys the relationships between the patient and the family. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’m so desperate ‘cause this situation has changed him so much and he became a complete stranger to me…This situation is destroying me and I don’t know what to do anymore.” </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t formally recognized until after the Vietnam war. </li></ul><ul><li>It is said that 20 percent of the US servicemen and women in Iraq will suffer from PTSD. </li></ul>Shocking Reality 4: ~ American Troop’s PTSD~
  11. 12. Shocking Reality 4: ~Virtual War~ <ul><li>An imagination therapy treats soldiers suffering PTSD. </li></ul><ul><li>The software recreates the sights, smells, sounds, and jolts of the battlefield in Iraq. </li></ul>Photograph: University of Southern California
  12. 13. Shocking Reality 4: ~Abnormal Suicide Rates~ <ul><li>Suicide rates of soldiers are abnormally high. </li></ul><ul><li>As of March 2004, 24 US soldiers have killed themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the suicides were committed after President Bush declared an end to major combat on May 1, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Only few suicides were reported in the media. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Shocking Reality 5: ~ Media Cooperating with Bush~
  14. 15. Shocking Reality 6: ~ Halliburton~ <ul><li>Halliburton is one of the largest companies for oil services in the world. The two headquarters are in Houston, Texas and Dubai. </li></ul><ul><li>Operates in over 120 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Kellogg-Brown & Root (KBR) is a major construction company which had been a subsidiary of Halliburton from 1962 to April 5, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>KBR’s business with the military in Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>-maintenance of military bases and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>-construction of housing, prisons and other facilities </li></ul><ul><li>-providing food service and laundry operations </li></ul><ul><li>-shuttle bus and cargo shipping services throughout the area of military </li></ul><ul><li>operations </li></ul><ul><li>-rebuilding the oil infrastructure in the southern part of Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President Dick Cheney was CEO from 1995 to 2000. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Shocking Reality 6: ~Convoy Ambush~ <ul><ul><li>Video shot on September 20, 2005 by Preston Wheeler. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three KBR drivers were killed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Given the wrong map. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The truck drivers weren’t armed. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. What is Guantanamo Bay? <ul><li>Guantanamo Bay is at the southern, eastern point of Cuba, which is 90 miles off the coast from Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>The only US Naval Station found in a communist country that does not maintain diplomatic relations with the US. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows the US Navy and Coast Guard to operate in the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>It is on the frontlines of the battle for regional security and protection from drug trafficking and terrorism. </li></ul><ul><li>Guantanamo Bay camp is controlled by the military in all aspects. </li></ul><ul><li>The International Committee of the Red Cross is the only organization allowed to visit the prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>It is almost 2 years since Guantanamo Bay was open, allowing journalists(The Guardian and Discovery Channel) to visit. </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers and Family members of the prisoners are denied access to the detainees. </li></ul>
  17. 19. The Purpose of Guantanamo Bay <ul><li>Became host for the Detainee Mission of the War on Terrorism following the September 11 2001, terrorist attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>For the past 5 years, it has been used as a detention center for suspected terrorists, mainly captured in Afghanistan similarly after the September 11 attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bush administration purpose is to seize people in the ‘War of Terror’, who are also known as ‘Enemy Combatant’. </li></ul><ul><li>A business opportunity for Vice President Dick Cheney’s old company Halliburton Kellogg,Brown & Root (Texas Company) as they were given $33m to build Guantanamo Bay. </li></ul><ul><li>Halliburton has benefited from this ‘War of Terror’ as their overall income from Guantanmo Bay is $135m. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Inside the Prison <ul><li>Amnesty International said that, at eight-by-eight feet, the cells are below US standards for ordinary prisoners . </li></ul><ul><li>Former detainees claim to have undergone server beatings, water-boarding, excruciating stress positions, mock executions, starvation, electric shock, and sleep deprivation. </li></ul><ul><li>The US military says the prisoners are forced to wear masks because there is a risk they could spread tuberculosis. </li></ul>
  19. 21. The Truth!? <ul><li>According to the US government, these men held in Guantanamo Bay are not “Prisoners of War” but rather “Unlawful Combatants”. Therefore, these men will not be protected by the Geneva Convention. </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogators are also carefully trained in their interrogation methods that does not violate the convention. </li></ul><ul><li>US administration lawyers have also been arguing that since al-Qaeda and Taliban are not state parties to the Geneva Convention, so the ban on acts of torture will not be covered. </li></ul><ul><li>US Court also appeals that Guantanmo Bay is not sovereign US territory, meaning that these prisoners do not have constitutional rights. </li></ul><ul><li>President George Bush said “We don’t do torture” but he has been getting vaguer about the bounds of torture ever since claims of torture by former detainees have come into the public light. </li></ul><ul><li>He goes on further to say that the detainees will be treated as humanly in a manner that is consistent with the Geneva Convention-but only to the extent appropriate and consistent with military necessity. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Continued <ul><li>In July this year, the President says that newly authorised techniques now comply full with the Geneva conventions’ ban on “outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment” as well as torture. </li></ul><ul><li>The people running the prison are on short rotation, for about 1 year or 6 months- so that the people running the prison now are not connected to the pass abuses. </li></ul><ul><li>“ US close to shutting Guantanamo”-by The Guardian, Saturday June 23 rd </li></ul><ul><li>Defence secretary, Robert Gates, and Condoleezza rice, secretary of state, acknowledges that the continuing controversy over Guantanamo Bay is damaging the country’s interest and standing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Rice said, “We don’t have any desires to be the world’s jailer…I don’t think anyone wants to see Guantanamo open one day longer than is necessary.” </li></ul><ul><li>Steny Hoyer, the democratic majority leader in the House of Representatives, described Guantanamo as “an international disgrace that every day continues to sully this great nation’s reputation”. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Blackwater USA <ul><li>Blackwater USA is a private military and security company. </li></ul><ul><li>It was founded in 1997 by a former Navy SEAL Erik Prince, and the headquarters is in North Carolina. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the largest of the US State Department’s three private security contractors. </li></ul><ul><li>They are protecting the US ambassador and other diplomats in Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Zero loss of clients, loss of 30 guards. </li></ul>
  22. 26. Expensive Service <ul><li>Blackwater employees are receiving an average of $600 per-day. </li></ul><ul><li>It costs the U.S. government more money to hire private security guards than to use American troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Last year, Blackwater earned about $1billion from the U.S. government. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2004 and 2006, the State Department has paid more than $832 million . </li></ul>
  23. 27. Baghdad Shooting <ul><li>On September 16, 2007, Blackwater guards killed 17 Iraqis in a shootout in Baghdad. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackwater says they “acted lawfully and appropriately” after its convoy was “violently attacked by armed insurgents” . </li></ul><ul><li>However, eyewitnesses say that no one opened fire at the Blackwater guards. They also say that two helicopters flying above were shooting too. “They began shooting at people. One man was shot in his shoulder from above.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hiathem Ahmed who lost his wife and son in the shooting says he would not remove his destroyed car from the scene of the incident. He says he wants it to “be a memorial to the painful event caused by people who, supposedly, came to protect us.” </li></ul>
  24. 28. Blackwater’s Wrongdoing Revealed <ul><li>Investigations by the Iraqi government, US State Department and FBI. </li></ul><ul><li>The contract only allows to use defensive force. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2005, Blackwater has been involved in 195 shooting incidents, or 1.4 per week. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the incidents weren’t reported. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackwater is not subject to Iraqi or US law. </li></ul><ul><li>Employees don’t get charged, but just get sacked. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackwater has fired 122 employees for various reasons (misusing weapons, alcohol and drug violations, inappropriate conduct, violent behavior, etc.) over the past three years. </li></ul><ul><li>The Iraqi government ordered Blackwater’s expulsion. </li></ul><ul><li>The US State Department is protecting Blackwater because its diplomats are relying on them. </li></ul><ul><li>“… worthy of respect of all Americans.” - Ryan Crocker, US ambassador </li></ul>
  25. 29. Voices of Iraqi Refugees <ul><li>The biggest refugee crisis in 60 years </li></ul><ul><li>The threatened lives of the Iraqi civilians and their reasons of departure </li></ul><ul><li>An attacked hair salon and threats from armed militants </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors receiving death threats for treating fighters </li></ul><ul><li>“ W e receive dead bodies, blood, and innocent people, and sometimes people who are killers. I remember I was sitting in my room in the out- patient clinic at my hospital south of Baghdad when all of a sudden two men arrived with machine guns looking for someone. They went into the patients' ward and shot a man dead.” </li></ul>
  26. 30. Voices of Iraqi Refugees 2 <ul><li>Unemployment, Low wages, </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor who fled to Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;First you need all these IDs and extra qualification tests; but they have placed many restrictions like certificates from different departments in Baghdad, which are so hard to get. They each cost around $600 to get in Iraq so it's nearly impossible to work here. I am unemployed and homeless.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>unemployed for the first five months </li></ul><ul><li>“ About three weeks ago someone gave me a job. I’m working as a porter, guarding a building. The pay barely covers the rent, food and water. It’s hardly enough to live on.” </li></ul><ul><li>treated as a prostitute </li></ul><ul><li>Even the doctors are worried about their future </li></ul>
  27. 31. Iraqi Children’s Nightmare <ul><li>Among the 2 million refugees in Jordan and Syria, there are 25% which are children and they are now becoming the second victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant abuse and segregation </li></ul><ul><li>No education, only some gets chances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Considered as illegal residents in Amman” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jordanian charity group help the Iraqi children </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Disorders in Baghdad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Most of the children are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, especially those who have been exposed to kidnapping.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Locked up for 21 days” </li></ul></ul>
  28. 32. Iraqi orphans in hell About 400 children lived in Iraqi orphanages before the U.S. Invasion in 2003. The number gradually increased to nearly 1,000 in early 2006, according to government statistics. Islamic society considers it shameful to abandon children to public care, however officials say war and economic hardship are taking their toll on families. &quot;If it were up to me, I'd kill the Americans and drink their blood,&quot; says Jilan, 14. Her 12-year-old brother, Rakan, was discharged from Mosul General Hospital this month. The whole incident took barely 15 seconds. Before Rakan could open his mouth to warn his father, a storm of gunfire struck the car, killing both parents and covering the children with their blood. Red Falcon soldiers found 24 abused and severely malnourished orphans abandoned in Baghdad on June 20, 2007. The soldiers were working under the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, the &quot;Falcon Brigade,&quot; when they made the discovery.
  29. 33. Conclusion <ul><li>OIL IS POWER </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOCRACY IS ARMY </li></ul><ul><li>WAR IS MONEY </li></ul>
  30. 34. Bibliography <ul><ul><li>Adams, Richard. “Invasion of Iraq was driven by oil, says Greenspan.” Guardian Unlimited . 17 Sept 2007. 20 Sept 2007. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><,,2170602,00.html> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Buying the War: 1/3.” International Relations Mr. Noda 27 Aug 2007. 7 Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Guardian Unlimited: Special Reports on Iraq.” Guardian Unlimited 2007. 26 Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><,,423009,00.html> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Gulf War” Wikipedia Encyclopedia . 2007. 20 Oct 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Iraq Disarmament Crisis timeline 2001-2003.” Wikipedia Encyclopdi a. 2007. 14 Oct 2007 <> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Iraqi Refugees.” Aljazeera on the Web 25 April 2007. 1st Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< 2BC8252422A5.htm?FRAMELESS=true&NRNODEGUID=%7b95A54F50-4922-4699- B822-2BC8252422A5%7d> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Iraqi Refugees in Jordan: Children.” BBC on the Web 24 Sept. 2007. 26 Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Iraqi Voices: Escaping Abroad.” BBC News on the Web 9 Jan. 2007. 30 Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><> </li></ul></ul>
  31. 35. Bibliography <ul><li>Jamail, Dahr. “Iraqi doctors out on a limb.” Aljazeera on the Web 1st May 2007. 1st Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ My Iraq: Child Psychiatrist.” BBC News on the Web 23 Mar. 2007. 30 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein: The U.S. Tilts toward Iraq, 1980-1984” The National Security Archive 6 Oct 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ The struggle for Iraq.” BBC News on the Web 2007. 30 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Timeline of Gulf War.” Wikipedia Encyclopedia . 2007. 16 Oct. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Timeline: Iraq” BBC News on the Web 16 August 2007. 20 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ US Support for Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War.” Wikipedia Encyclopedia . 2007. 10 Oct. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Video: Final Countdown for Baghdad's Children.” Guardian Unlimited 2007. 26 Sept. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><,,2038665,00.html> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Weapons Mass Destruction.” Wikipedia Encyclopedia . 2007. 5 Oct. 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul>
  32. 36. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Abundance of Iraq security outfit shootings may go unreported.&quot; The Japan Times </li></ul><ul><li>BBC News <> </li></ul><ul><li>Sykes, Hugh. &quot;Iraqis angry at Blackwater shoooting.&quot; BBC News 19 Sept. 2007 <> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blackwater in hot water.&quot; The Economist 13 Oct. 2007: 58 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blackwater plagued by staff-hiring, gun-firing woes.&quot; The Japan Times </li></ul><ul><li>3 Oct. 2007: 6 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Private security for Iraq costing U.S. top dollar.&quot; The Japan Times </li></ul><ul><li>3 Oct. 2007: 10 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blackwater had U.S.-issued exemption from military rules.&quot; The Japan Times </li></ul><ul><li>Bruno, Greg. &quot;The Other Army in Iraq.&quot; Council on Foreign Relations  25 Sept. 2007 <> </li></ul><ul><li> <> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Iraqi report: Witnesses recount terror in Blackwater shooting.&quot; 8 Oct. 2007 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Council on Foreign Relations <> </li></ul><ul><li>Guardian Unlimited <> </li></ul>
  33. 37. Bibliography <ul><li>Goldenberg, Susan. &quot;Pentagon counts the psychological cost of Iraq war as survey reveals suicide levels.&quot; The Guardian 29 Mar. 2004 <,,1179916,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>Halliburton Watch <> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Halliburton ambush in Iraq caught on video&quot;  Halliburton Watch 21 Sept. 2006 <> </li></ul><ul><li>Halliburton Convoy Attacked in Iraq . Shot by Preston Wheeler. 20 Sept. 2005.  </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferry, Simon. &quot;US to keep closer watch on private security firms in Iraq.&quot; Guardian Unlimited 5 Oct. 2007 <,,2184712,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>MacAskill, Ewen. &quot;Iraq security firm denies trigger-happy charge.&quot; Guardian Unlimited 3 Oct. 2007 <,,2182286,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Profits of war.&quot; The Guardian 22 July 2004 <,,4975925-110878,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>Randerson, James. &quot;Study likens veterans of Vietnam to those in Iraq.&quot; The Guardian 18 Aug. 2006 <,,1852669,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>Randerson, James. &quot;Virtual war helps US soldiers deal with trauma.&quot; Guardian Unlimited 19 Feb. 2007 <> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Stress epidemic strikes American forces in Iraq.&quot; Guardian Unlimited 25 Jan. 2004 <,,1130774,00.html.> </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Wounded in action.&quot; Guardian Unlimited 4 Feb. 2005 <,,1405552,00.html.> </li></ul>
  34. 38. Bibliography <ul><li>“ Torture, Cover-Up At Gitmo?” .CBS news 0 minutes 2 October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer ,Phil “Fresh Guantanamo torture claims” BBC news Sydney 13 October.2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights Watch “Guantanamo-Five Years Later” 18 October.2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>Tisdall,Simon “US close to shutting Guantánamo” The Guardian Guardian Unlimited 26 October.2007 </li></ul><ul><li><,,2109502,00.html> </li></ul><ul><li>“ People the law forgot” The Guardian Guardian Unlimited 2 October .2007 </li></ul><ul><li><,,1098604,00.html> </li></ul><ul><li>Ivanovich,David. “US: Halliburton to Build $30 million Prison at Guantanamo Bay” The Huston </li></ul><ul><li>Chronided 10 October.2007<> </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Times “ U.S. Building New Prisons for Terrorists” 2 October .2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>Rose,David “Guanatanamo Bay on Trial” Frontline Son of Al Qaeda 6 October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul>
  35. 39. Bibliography <ul><li>Bryce, Authur.”Cheney is still paid by Pentagon contractor” The Guardian Guardian Unlimited </li></ul><ul><li>10 October.2007<,,4623333-103550,00.html> </li></ul><ul><li>CIA Vision, Mission & Values 23 October.2007 <> </li></ul><ul><li>BBC News “Prison camp pictures spark protests” 19 October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>Gray Panthers “Prisoners of War” 19 Octtober 2007 </li></ul><ul><li><> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Guantanamo Bay - Camp Delta” <> </li></ul><ul><li>Ross,Brian and Esposito,Richard “ CIA's Harsh Interrogation Techniques Described” ABC news on the web 23 </li></ul><ul><li>0ctober.2007<> </li></ul><ul><li>,,1874823,00.html </li></ul>