The way in which society is organized into predictable relationships, patterns of social interaction (the way in which people respond to each other). These patterns etc, are to some extent independent of the particular individual, they exert a force which shapes behavior and identity. We already know the vast influence of values and beliefs that culture places on society – Influences can have personal implications, but also have farther reaching, larger impacts on groups of people.
Sociologists use 2 approaches to study social life. Macro focus on broad social structures and Micro focus on small face to face.
Social structure and social interaction
Social Structure and Social Interaction
Sociological ApproachesMacrosociology Large-Scale Features of Social LifeMicrosociology Focus on Social InteractionBoth Approaches Necessary
The Macrosociological PerspectiveExamine the framework of society – how all the pieces fit togetherSocial Structure Our guide for interactions Our location, our place, guides our behavior Culture Social Class - http://youtu.be/UxB-H6f3crY Snickers? Social Status – ascribed, achieved, master, and status symbols Roles Groups Social Institutions
Social InstitutionsSociological SignificanceTen Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies To be explored in detailMass Media as an Emerging Social InstitutionComparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives
Social InstitutionsComparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives Functionalist Replacing Members Socializing New Members Producing and Distributing Goods and Services Preserving Order Providing a Sense of Purpose Conflict Theorist Powerful Groups Control Institutions Preserve the status quo, power and privilege Feminist sociologists – gender relations
What Holds It All Together?Social Integration – Emile DurkheimMechanic SolidarityDivision of LaborOrganic Solidarity
The Microsociological PerspectiveFace-to-face interactionsBehavior and Approach towards life Stereotyping - http://youtu.be/gspaoaecNAg Boys http://youtu.be/paNiEdFTvuA Girls Personal space Eye contact Facial expressions and body language
The Social Construction of RealityOur own subjective reality http://youtu.be/myq8upzJDJc Josh Bell in the Metro http://vimeo.com/16329078 Up in the AirThomas Theorem How does stereotyping play out? Using a famous quote known as the Thomas theorem, we can begin to understand the potentially damaging effects of stereotypes: "if [people] define situations as real, they are real in their consequences." In other words, when people accept stereotypes as true, then they are likely to act on these beliefs, and these subjective beliefs can lead to objective results.
Social Structure ActivityThink about 3 or 4 statuses you occupy Are they achieved or ascribed or master statuses Do you display status symbols, what are theyWhat roles do you play within each status Are there any conflicts between the rolesThink about the larger institutions where these statuses are located What are the functions of these institutions (how do they hold society together) Which institution exerts the most influence on your life Are there conflicts among the institutions
Lens AssignmentThink about the different grand perspectives sociologists use to analyze and evaluate the social world – macro and microIt may be easier to select one perspectiveFrom the macrosociological perspective, look for different components of social structure (class, status, roles, institutions) and describe how they may be analyzed within the photographFrom a microsociological perspective, look for evidence of Goffman’s Presentation of Self in Everyday life and describe “the stage,” roles, and impression management.