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The Passive 4 So


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The Passive 4 So

  1. 1. The passive in English <ul><li>The passive is used when: </li></ul><ul><li>The subject is not needed or unknown </li></ul><ul><li>The milk is brought everyday </li></ul><ul><li>(by the milkman, of course!). </li></ul><ul><li>The dead cat was left in the street. </li></ul><ul><li>You want to focus your attention on something other than the subject: </li></ul><ul><li>The most important documents were sent to the office </li></ul><ul><li>(by the clerk). </li></ul>
  2. 2. The passive <ul><li>How does the passive work? </li></ul><ul><li>We always use to be + Past Participle </li></ul><ul><li>(3rd column or -ed) </li></ul><ul><li>The order of the sentence is inverted compared to the active: </li></ul><ul><li>My cousin broke the window - The window was broken by my cousin. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The passive <ul><li>The use of the passive is very simple, because you must only concentrate on using to be in the right tense: </li></ul><ul><li>Present Simple – The letters are sent to the director. </li></ul><ul><li>Present Continuous – They are being studied right now. </li></ul><ul><li>Present Perfect – The strategy has been changed </li></ul>
  4. 4. The passive <ul><li>Past Simple – He was interviewed yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Past Continuous – The car was being washed. </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect – It had been broken down. </li></ul><ul><li>will – We will be told the results tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>must – The exams must be corrected soon. </li></ul><ul><li>should – The car should be repaired. </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>
  5. 5. The passive <ul><li>The passive also has different uses in English and Catalan. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English is spoken here – Aquí es parla anglès (impersonal in Catalan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She was given a flower by her boyfriend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(active: Her boyfriend gave her a flower , a sentence that is not possible in Catalan ) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The passive <ul><li>English sentences with Indirect and Direct Object (“He gave her a book” ) usually have the Indirect Object as the subject of the passive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She was given a book </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(This sentence is not possible in Catalan in this form) </li></ul>