This poem teaches how anger can be dispelled by goodwill or nurtured to become a deadly poison. The opening stanza sets up everything for the entire poem, from the ending of anger with the “friend,” to the continuing anger with the “foe.”
Eliminate less important details that don’t support main idea.
Interloper: Intruder – Interferer
Precipitous – Hurried, swift Marauders – Raiders Succour – help someone Wrested – gained control or power Pious – devout, religious Pestilential – deadly, annoying, damaging Acquiesced – agree to something passively Poaching – catch game illegally Unstrung - upset
Lesson 5 interlopers, & a poison tree
Agenda <ul><li>Theme Tracking – review of “The Sniper” </li></ul><ul><li>Figures of Speech – definitions & examples </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Poison Tree” – Reading & Response </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Feuds & Summary Writing </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Interlopers” – Vocabulary, Figures of Speech, Theme, Point of View, Irony & Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Extension - Epilogue </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Goals: </li></ul><ul><li>Expand vocabulary and comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Identify figures of speech and explain how they impact understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Compare texts with a similar theme </li></ul><ul><li>Develop written communication skills and summary writing </li></ul>
Theme Tracking Short Story Theme Evidence Comment/Reflection “ The Sniper” “ The Interlopers” “ The Lamb to the Slaughter” “ Once Upon A Time” “ One Man Band” “ The Most Dangerous Game”
Figures of Speech – descriptive devices in which meaning is concentrated and heightened, usually through comparisons. These devices enhance the audience’s experience through imagery. <ul><li>Simile : A figure of speech in which one thing is said to be like another. “ With its high buildings on all sides, Bay Street is like a canyon. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor : Literally false but poetically true, in which one thing is said to be another. “ Bay Street is a canyon walled by cliffs of concrete. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole : Exaggeration. “ The office buildings rise miles above the city. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Personification : A figure of speech in which a non-human object is described as human. “ At night the empty buildings stare from their windows at the street. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia – Words that sound as the mean. “ SMACK! ” </li></ul>Extended Metaphor: Developed at length throughout a work
“ A Poison Tree ” – William Blake <ul><li>I was angry with my friend: I told my wrath, my wrath did end. I was angry with my foe: I told it not, my wrath did grow. And I watered it in fears Night and morning with my tears, And I sunned it with smiles And with soft deceitful wiles. And it grew both day and night, Till it bore an apple bright, And my foe beheld it shine, And he knew that it was mine - And into my garden stole When the night had veiled the pole; In the morning, glad, I see My foe outstretched beneath the tree. </li></ul>
Response to “A Poison Tree” <ul><li>What allows the tree to grow? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the apple represent? Where does this allusion (connection to another text) come from? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens to the speaker’s “foe” at the end of the poem? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the extended metaphor. How does Blake build the comparison? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the theme of the poem? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with Blake’s message? How is this a lesson we can apply to our daily lives? Complete using personal response form, and submit for evaluation after a peer has edited it. </li></ul>Rajaton Blur If you put this piece to music, what genre would be most effective? Listen to the following pieces, which rendition relays Blake’s message more effectively? Explain.
Blues vs. Greens in the Byzantine Empire <ul><li>You might think that sports rivalries are often taken a little too far, but modern soccer hooligans and hockey goons have got nothing on the fans of Byzantine-era chariot racing, who caused so much carnage that they were nearly able to overthrow the Emperor Justinian. At the time, chariot racing was the most popular form of entertainment in Constantinople, and supporters of the two most popular teams—known as the “Greens” and the “Blues” because of the color of their uniforms—resembled gangs more than they did sports fans. Chariot racing was so popular that the rival groups even managed to affect politics, and they were often known to shout out demands to the Emperor after a big win. When they weren’t functioning as de facto political parties, members of the Blues and the Greens engaged in a long-running feud that frequently resulted in fighting and even murders. </li></ul><ul><li>How it Ended: The feud between the Blues and the Greens reached a fever pitch in 532 AD, when the infamous Nika Riots broke out after the government attempted to punish members of the groups for a series of killings perpetrated after an important chariot race. In a bizarre twist, the two groups briefly put aside their differences and turned on the Emperor, burning down much of the city and nearly taking over the rest. But after they were paid off by Justinian—a longtime supporter of their cause—the Blues turned on the Greens and left them to be slaughtered. In the ensuing bloodshed, thousands of Greens were killed by the imperial army. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Summary Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Get Ready </li></ul><ul><li>Read through the piece you are summarizing several times and make sure you understand it. Look up any words you don ’ t know. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Draft </li></ul><ul><li>Write a topic sentence that states the main idea of the piece. Use your own words, not the author ’ s. ( Hint : The main idea is often expressed in the first or second paragraph.) </li></ul><ul><li>Write down two or three supporting details from the piece. Supporting details are facts, examples, reasons, or other evidence that back up the main idea. Make sure you use your own words, and include only those details that are in the original text. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Refer back to the main idea and restate it in a different way. </li></ul><ul><li>Check Your Work </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that your summary is the correct length. </li></ul><ul><li>Check that all your points come from the original text and relate to the main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Read through again to correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes. </li></ul>
Exemplar <ul><li>In the era of the Byzantine Empire, a violent feud existed between the opposing fans of the “Blues” and “Greens” chariot racing teams. This feud, fueled by political rivalries, often led to fighting and murder. The feuding paused during the Nika Riots of 532AD when the two sides joined forces against the Emperor. The Emperor, however, favoured the cause of the “Blues” and won the gang’s support with a payoff. The “Blues” then left the “Greens” to be slaughtered by the Emperor’s army. </li></ul>
Famous Feuds Feud Outcome 10. Blues vs. Greens Bloodshed – thousands of “Greens” slaughtered 9. Strangio-Nirtas vs. Pelle-Vottari- Romeos 8. The Black Donnellys vs. Biddulph Township 7. Clan Chattan vs. Clan Kay 6. Grahams vs. Tewksburys 5. Alexander Hamilton vs. Aaron Burr 4. Stalin vs. Trotsky 3. The 47 Ronin vs. Kira Yoshinaka 2. Al Capone vs. Bugs Moran 1. Hatfields vs. McCoys
Define: Interloper <ul><li>Using the photo below, and your definition of ‘ Interloper ’ , predict what the story is about. </li></ul>
Vocabulary <ul><li>As you read, locate the following words in the text. Based on the context of the story, make an educated guess about what the word means. </li></ul><ul><li>Once you have finished reading the story, check your definitions with a partner & the dictionary. Write the correct definitions down in your notes. </li></ul>Precipitous Wrested Acquiesced Marauders Pious Poaching Succour Pestilential Unstrung
Journal Entry <ul><li>Students are expected to briefly respond in a writing journal after reading each story. The writing journals are a place where you can record your reactions, no matter what they are. These journals will only be marked on completion, not on content, so have some fun and don’t worry about grammar, fancy vocabulary, or spelling. </li></ul>
Questions: <ul><li>Locate passages that contain personification and onomatopoeia. How does the author’s use of figures of speech contribute to your understanding of the text? </li></ul><ul><li>The wind, with the use of personification and onomatopoeia, becomes a character in this story. Describe it using the methods of characterization. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the theme of the story. How does the author use character and point of view to develop the theme? </li></ul>Point of View: The position from which the narrator tells the story. First Person – the main character tells the story (“I” or “we”) Third Person Limited - all characters are referred to by name or as “he”, “she”, “they”, etc. Narrator is selective in what they reveal. Third Person Omniscient – narrator is “all knowing” and reveals thoughts and feelings of all characters.
Comparison <ul><li>How are the messages of "A Poison Tree" and "The Interlopers" similar? How are the endings different? </li></ul>Theme Tracking
Identify as many types of conflict and incidences of irony as you can <ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Irony </li></ul>
Irony <ul><li>fighting all their lives, trying to kill each other, decide to be friends, both die in the end </li></ul><ul><li>eaten by wolves when they are hunters </li></ul><ul><li>the land kills them (what they are fighting for) </li></ul><ul><li>none of the townspeople will know they have become friends </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>person vs self – hunters vs. themselves </li></ul><ul><li>person vs. person - Gradwitz vs. Znaeym </li></ul><ul><li>person vs. nature – hunters vs. wolves/hunters vs. tree </li></ul><ul><li>Person vs. society – hunters vs. society ’ s expectations </li></ul>
Epilogue: A piece of writing at the end of a work that brings closure to the story. <ul><li>Write an epilogue to the story, indicating what you think happened next. Compare your writing with that of a partner and discuss why each is plausible. </li></ul><ul><li>Include figures of speech where appropriate and edit your work for proper use of mechanics. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim for 250 words. </li></ul>Writing Extension