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Cgc Environment Gis


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Cgc Environment Gis

  1. 1. Humans and the Environment GIS Map Hamilton Resource Development
  2. 2. <ul><li>Great news! Your company has just been awarded the development contract for a newly discovered natural resource in the Hamilton area. </li></ul><ul><li>The contract involves the creation of a resource development site. Your job is to locate a resource development within Hamilton </li></ul>
  3. 3. The “Rules” <ul><li>The site must be located on a </li></ul><ul><li>vegetated , non wooded vegetated area that would be most suitable for the development of your resource (Pick mining, forestry etc). </li></ul><ul><li>The mayor of Hamilton has decided that there will not be any resource development on vegetated areas within 1 km of educational institutions . </li></ul><ul><li>Your development will be 1 hectare in size . </li></ul><ul><li>In order to decide where you will locate your site, you will use the ArcView program and local area data. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Step 1 Open ArcView, Select with a new View </li></ul><ul><li>Step2 Set the drive to the X: drive </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Step 3 To access the data open: arcview data , then local data then saltfleet . You should see a large list of available data for the Hamilton area. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Step 4 You must incorporate at least 4 themes into your finished project . You will have to search through, and pick the 4 that you think are the most significant for your resource. Begin by adding municipalities.shp (will show land shape of the area), and vegetation-regions.shp (will show wooded and non-wooded vegetation areas) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Step 5 There are two ways of using ArcView to develop a query (that means ask the program a question, it shows the answer in yellow). </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure vegetation.shp is active (has grey box around it!!) </li></ul><ul><li>You can find out information about a theme by picking the query button . </li></ul><ul><li>Double click on the word feature , then single on the = sign, then double click vegetation:wooded area . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Most of the vegetated regions turn yellow. The yellow tells you that those areas are vegetation:wooded areas. You may not build in these areas (outside the “rules”). WHY??
  9. 9. <ul><li>Step 6 Add the theme education.shp to your view. </li></ul><ul><li>To do this click the add theme button, then select education.shp from the list on the left. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Step 7 Make the vegetation.shp theme active (grey box around it). Select view, then properties . Change the distance units to km . </li></ul><ul><li>Step 8 The second way to conduct a query is to select theme , and then select by theme from the upper menu . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Step 9 In the menu that appears, change Intersect to Are Within Distance Of . </li></ul><ul><li>Step 10 Select Education (it is probably already there) in the “the selected features of” box. Set the selection distance to 1km, and click Add to Set ( NOT NEW SET ) . </li></ul><ul><li>Step 11 ArcView will now show you all of the vegetation regions that are within 1km of educational institutions in yellow. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why is this query important??? <ul><li>You need ArcView to show you the non-vegetated wooded areas that are not within 1 km of schools!! </li></ul><ul><li>The first query showed the vegetated regions in yellow (no good) and the second adds areas that are within 1km of schools (no good) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Step 12 Turn education.shp on (check the box), (you now have all of the education institutions in the area shown). </li></ul><ul><li>Step 13 Locate Saltfleet High using the identify button and label the school (label should be on finished project layout). It may be helpful to add the theme major_roads_and_highways.shp to help you find the school. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 14 Label the main roads around the school. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>So where can you build your resource development? </li></ul>You may locate your development anywhere that is still green. <ul><li>Save your project . </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Step 15 Building your case: Be sure to add themes that are important for your contract in terms of human systems (e.g., transportation, population, communication, energy networks, industry). </li></ul><ul><li>Step 16 Use the text label to insert a box explaining where your development will take place. To see how the different land areas are represented, try the theme land_use.shp (will show different land uses). </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Step 17 When the map is completed to your satisfaction, it is time to make a layout . </li></ul>Pick Landscape and click OK. Select View, then layout
  17. 17. Making your “Zoom” view <ul><li>Once you have created your map and layout (layout 1) showing all of the themes and area, you will create a new map showing a “blow up” of the area. </li></ul>Select Window from the top menu screen. Open your project file that ends in .apr (after you have saved it). Open a new view ( View 2 ) by clicking views on the project manager screen (left side menu).
  18. 18. Making your “Zoom” Map <ul><li>Now you have to Build the themes of your map ( View 2 ) to show important features around your development. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 2 ways to do this: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Zoom in on the area that you have selected and add themes to make a detail map of that area. </li></ul><ul><li>OR 2. Go back to View 1 . Press and hold shift, then make each theme active (grey box around it). From the top menu select Edit , then C opy Themes . Return to View 2, select Edit from the top menu, then P aste . You will then have to select View , then Properties . Set the map units to decimal degrees , and the distance units to km . </li></ul>
  19. 19. Locating your development <ul><li>Pull down the menu under the draw point tool and select the box tool. As you draw the box, the area will be shown in the lower left corner of your screen. Make sure that the area is 1 hectare ( One hectare is equivalent to 10 000 m 2 , 0.01 km 2 or 2.471 053 8 acres) . Label nearby roads and other important details. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>When you have completed your “zoom” view, repeat step 17 (slide 16) and make a second layout. </li></ul><ul><li>Save your project . </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Step 18 Open Microsoft Word. Write a formal letter to the Mayor (Fred Eisenberger) explaining where you are going to locate your resource, why you are going to put it there, and how it will help Hamilton. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to add specific details (like a lawyer would build a case) about why you should be allowed to build there. Details like distances, and features (eg. 3 km from a fire station in case of accident) are important. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>To add your maps to the letter, you must be on the finished layout page you wish to copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the pointer tool to click (and hold) in the bottom right of your layout. Drag up to the upper left. All of the details on your map will be selected. </li></ul><ul><li>Press Ctrl + C at the same time to copy your map. </li></ul>Add your maps to the letter
  23. 23. <ul><li>Locate the map in the correct spot in your letter. Press Ctrl + V to paste. </li></ul><ul><li>The map should appear in your Word doccument. (if it does not, go back and try again!) </li></ul>When you paste, the full map should appear! Be Sure to add both the Municipal, and Zoom maps!
  24. 24. <ul><li>Now it is time to hand- in your project. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize your Arc View. Open your first class , and open the 555 Geography CGC1P icon. Open the Hand-in folders (in red) and open correct folder for your class . </li></ul><ul><li>Open the HumansAndTheEnvironment folder. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Knowledge Communication Application Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Level 0 Category Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete 6 themes included on map Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Business letter to Mayor Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Overview of area and “zoom” view included Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Site is 1 hectare Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Query provided proper location Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Map units in km
  26. 26. Thinking/Inquiry Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 Level 0 Category Thorough completion of Shows evidence of Some Evidence Limited evidence Incomplete Relevant themes included on map Level 4 8.0+ Level 3 7.0-7.9 Level 2 6.0-6.9 Level 1 5.0-5.9 Level 0 <50 % /10 Thinking & Inquiry /10 Application /10 Communication /40 /10 Knowledge & Understanding Summary of Categories
  27. 27. <ul><li>Minimize all screens except for the Canada GIS folder. </li></ul><ul><li>Open my computer , and find your file on the h: drive. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on it once, hold and drag it into the Canada GIS hand-in folder. It should pull up a file transfer popup screen. When it is completed click close. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that your file appears in the folder for YOUR Period ! </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Congratulations, you are done! </li></ul>