Chapter 15

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Chapter 15

  1. 1. Civics and Economics VocabularyChapter 15 - Section OneCommon Law- Law based on court decisionsSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Precedent- Legal opinions that become common lawSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Statute- Laws by the stateSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Chapter 15 - Section TwoPlaintiff- AccuserSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Defendant- AccusedSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Felony- Serious federal crimeSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Misdemeanor- Minor crimeSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Larceny- StealingSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Robbery- Stealing by forceSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Burglary- Unlawful entry with intent to commit a crimeSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Lawsuit- When a civil case goes to courtSimilarity/Difference:Tara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:18:31 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88
  2. 2. Sentence:Tort- Civil wrongdoingSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Libel- Printing of liesSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Constitutional Law- deals with formation, construction, and interpretation of constitutionsSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Chapter 15 - Section ThreeStare Decisis- “Let the decision stand”Similarity/Difference:Sentence:Writ of Habeas Corpus- The right to be informed of what youʼre accused ofSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Bill of Attainer- Sentencing a person without trialSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Ex Post Facto Law- Person can be punished for crimes that occurred before they wereillegalSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Due Process of Law- government may not take life, liberty, or property without properexercise lawSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Search Warrant- Judgeʼs authorization to searchSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Double Jeopardy- Person tried for a crime found not guilty may not be placed injeopardySimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Tara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:18:31 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88
  3. 3. Grand Jury- 12-23 citizens that hear a caseSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Plea Bargaining- Negotiation between defense attorney and prosecutorSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Bail- Amount of money set to release a prisoner until trialSimilarity/Difference:Sentence:Tara Pawlyk Friday, May 17, 2013 8:18:31 AM ET 04:0c:ce:d3:10:88

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