What is a Sub-station?
A substation is a part of an
electrical generation, transmission, and distribution
system, where voltage is transformed from high to low,
or low to high, or many other important functions.
Electric power may flow through several substations
between generating plant and consumer, and may be
changed in voltage in several steps.
Mainly Sub-station is defined as “The
assembly of apparatus used to same some
characteristics (e.g. Voltage, AC to DC, P.F. , Frequency
etc.) of electric supply is called Substation.”
Types of Sub-station
Classified by their main two features.
According to constructional features:Are of four type.
According to service requirement
features:- Are of six types.
Transformer Sub-station:- Divided into two
different sub types:-
i. Transmission Sub-station
ii. Distribution Sub-station
Power factor correction Sub-station
Frequency Changing Sub-station
Site Considerations:- Location place, Access road,
present and future load center, existing and future
sources of power etc.
Environmental Considerations:- Weather,
Temperature, Wind, Appearance, Public Safety,
Audible Noise, Electrostatic and Electromagnetic
Effects, Effluent, Ice etc.
Components of a Substation
component. It is classified by
Power Transformer:A power transformer is
used in a substation to step
up or step down the voltage
i. Current Transformer
ii. Voltage Transformer
A:Primary power lines' side
B: Secondary power lines' side
1.Primary power lines
4.Transformer for measurement
of electric voltage
12.Secondary power lines