Typical layout of a Sub-Station

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Typical layout of a Sub-Station

  1. 1. by Towfiqur Rahman (towfiq.eee@gmail.com)
  2. 2. What is a Sub-station? A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system, where voltage is transformed from high to low, or low to high, or many other important functions. Electric power may flow through several substations between generating plant and consumer, and may be changed in voltage in several steps. Mainly Sub-station is defined as “The assembly of apparatus used to same some characteristics (e.g. Voltage, AC to DC, P.F. , Frequency etc.) of electric supply is called Substation.”
  3. 3. Types of Sub-station  1. 2. 3. 4. Classified by their main two features. According to constructional features:Are of four type. Indoor Sub-station Outdoor Sub-station Underground Sub-station Pole-mounted Sub-station
  4. 4. According to service requirement features:- Are of six types.  Transformer Sub-station:- Divided into two different sub types:-      i. Transmission Sub-station ii. Distribution Sub-station Switching Sub-stations Power factor correction Sub-station Frequency Changing Sub-station Converting Sub-station Industrial Sub-station
  5. 5. Design Considerations Site Considerations:- Location place, Access road, present and future load center, existing and future sources of power etc. Environmental Considerations:- Weather, Temperature, Wind, Appearance, Public Safety, Audible Noise, Electrostatic and Electromagnetic Effects, Effluent, Ice etc.
  6. 6. Components of a Substation  Transformer:- Main component. It is classified by two type.  Power Transformer:A power transformer is used in a substation to step up or step down the voltage  Instrument Transformer i. Current Transformer ii. Voltage Transformer
  7. 7.  Insulator  Earthing system  Isolation Switches  Circuit breakers
  8. 8.  Surge arrestor  Switchgear  Relay
  9. 9. Sub-station Layout A:Primary power lines' side B: Secondary power lines' side 1.Primary power lines 7.Current transformer 2.Ground wire 8.Lightning arrester 3.Overhead lines 9.Main transformer 4.Transformer for measurement 10.Control building of electric voltage 11.Security fence 5.Disconnect switch 12.Secondary power lines 6.Circuit breaker 7.Current transformer 8.Lightning arrester
  10. 10. Plan & Section of a Substation

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