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Poverty alleviation and the pdp laban v3


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Poverty alleviation and the pdp laban v3

  1. 1. Poverty Alleviation and the PDP LaBAN The Kunming Declaration serves as the blueprint to lift millions of Filipinos from poverty to middle class by Joey de Venecia III
  2. 2. A Global Problem <ul><li>Poverty remains the single biggest problem facing the world today. Millions of people from developing and/or impoverished countries face a daily problem of seeking decent shelter and sufficient food and water. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Philippine Situation <ul><li>With a population of more than 100 million, half of whom are living below the poverty line, the Philippines needs to find ways to uplift the masses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Seeking a Solution <ul><li>From July 13 to 18, this year, 55 political parties from 28 countries from Asia together with African political parties and various international organizations such as the UNDP and Asian Parliamentary Assembly gathered at the International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP) in Kunming, Yunnan province. </li></ul>
  5. 5. About ICAPP <ul><li>International Conference of Asian Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>ICAPP is geared in continuing its role to build an Asian community and in the global quest for a more peaceful and prosperous world. </li></ul><ul><li>The founding members are Former Philippine Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr., the Late Prime Minister of Pakistan Benezir Bhutto, Premier Thaksin Shinawatra of Thailand, Dato Readzibin Sheik Ahmad,Secretary General of Malaysia UMNO Party,Deputy Premier Sok An of Cambodia’s CPP and Congressman Teo Zambuaga, Deputy Chairman of Indonesia’s Golkar Party. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trip to Villages Chuxiong Prefecture Honghe Prefecture
  7. 7. Lessons from the Communist Party of China (CPC) <ul><li>China is presently one of the world's biggest economies. It is only a matter of time before China overtakes the US and has already passed Japan as the most powerful economy in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Just as the US proved that free market works for them, China is proving that its own, unique brand of communism was the best way to lift its people out of poverty. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Chinese Miracle <ul><li>In the span of one, the CPC from 1978- 2009 moved more than 240 million Chinese from poverty to middle class status. This is living proof that it is not the political system, but the political will of the CPC that drives a nation to First World status. </li></ul><ul><li>China created its own model, one that can be followed by any nation with the necessary political will to succeed economically. </li></ul><ul><li>The CPC is involved in every aspect of the Chinese economy and its presence is felt all the way down to the barangay level. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How China Alleviated Poverty <ul><li>Focused on narrowing the income gap between its urban and rural areas, and between coastal and inland regions </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated public investments in its interior regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese government has reduced agricultural taxes, slowed down the conversion of farmlands to other uses, and increased subsidies for laid-off workers. It even provided free textbooks to rural residents </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How China Alleviated Poverty <ul><li>Provided the transfer of technology, thereby increasing income opportunities of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu said economic construction should never stop as development is the most effective way to reduce poverty </li></ul>
  11. 11. UN Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1990 and 2015. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve universal access to primary education by 2015 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce children under-five mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. UN Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015 the maternal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mortality ratio. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halt and reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS by 2015. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Halt and reverse the incidence of malaria and other major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>diseases by 2015. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Implement national strategies for sustainable development by 2005, to reverse loss of environmental resources by 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for Development </li></ul><ul><li>Develop further an open, rule-based predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system; include a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction, both nationally and internationally. </li></ul>
  13. 13. UN Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary General, called on Asia's political leaders to focus on efforts to alleviate poverty during the Kunming conference in China. </li></ul><ul><li>Likewise, in the same conference, Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu said poverty alleviation and development is a common challenge for the world. </li></ul>
  14. 14. UN Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>To jump start the huge task on alleviating poverty in the region yours truly will urge leaders attending First All Parties Anti-Poverty Summit in China to take a united stand in urging international lending agencies to create an Asian Micro-Finance Fund and an Asian Anti-Poverty Fund for millions of poor urban and rural families in the region. </li></ul>
  15. 15. An Asian Micro-Finance Fund <ul><li>The first is the establishment of an Asian Micro- Finance Fund -- to be capitalized by subscriptions from the ICAPP states, from international lenders, and from non- Asian donor-countries. </li></ul><ul><li>From this Fund, our micro-lending institutions could draw-- to generate jobs and livelihood opportunities, particularly in the informal economy; to stimulate the entrepreneurial energies of ordinary people in the urban and rural areas and to create social wealth at rice-roots level. </li></ul>
  16. 16. An Asian Anti-Poverty Fund <ul><li>Like the Micro-Finance Fund, the Anti-Poverty Fund would be subscribed to by the ICAPP states and by donor-countries. </li></ul><ul><li>The Asian Anti-Poverty Fund we envision as helping the poorest Asian states carry out coherent, relatively long-term programs to ease generational poverty. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The PDP Laban must take the lead <ul><li>As one of the country's major political parties whose founders were the late Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. and Former Senate President Aquilino Pimentel Jr; and having an elected President the late President Cory Aquino; and having the incumbent Vice President His Excellency, the Honorable Jejomar C. Binay, with governors and mayors and other local officials, currently in power, the PDP Laban is in a position to play a key role in the government's poverty alleviation efforts. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The tools for success <ul><li>As economic adviser for PDP Laban, I attended the ICAPP Conference and submitted my own proposals for economic development in the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>I proposed a two-pronged approach centered on education and technology. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Youth as catalyst for change <ul><li>Our young should be taught to be nationalists, to love their country above selves, and to do their part in the economic development of the Philippines. Country above self should not be a mere political slogan, it should be a way of life. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Technology is the way <ul><li>As part of its agenda, the PDP Laban should see that our youth of today be given access to the various technologies that makes learning easier, and more substantial. </li></ul><ul><li>An educated and technology savvy youth will set the stage for dramatic economic growth for the Philippines. Not in some far-flung future, but within this lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>In fact, the Philippines has 68M cellphone users and 20M internet users most of whom are the youth. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Philippine Internet and Cellphone Users <ul><li>Out of the 68 million cell phone users, there are 15 million with bank accounts. We should leverage the cellphone users and convert them into depositors of banks or virtual banks where they can get loans. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also 20 million internet users. These are mostly ages 16-35 years old – the youth. We should use the internet as platform for education but also a way to network with others. The 16-year olds of today will be voters in 2013, and the 13- year olds of today will be voting by 2016. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Philippine Internet and Cellphone Users
  23. 23. Conditional Cash Transfer <ul><li>The Philippine Government should take advantage of the World Bank (WB) program on conditional cash transfers for the poor in order to incentivize them to work or to go to school among others. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Debt for Equity in MDG Projects <ul><li>We propose only that the rich countries, multilateral institutions, and large commercial banks plow back into the economies of the debtor-countries 50 percent of an agreed-on portion of the debt-service payments due them. </li></ul><ul><li>These payments would be plowed back in the form of equity, or other kinds of financial assets, and channeled toward MDG programs-such as reforestation, mass-housing, safe water systems, hospitals, infrastructure, or micro-financing. </li></ul>
  25. 25. UN's The Millennium Development Goals <ul><li>At the same time, the PDP Laban expressed its full backing for the Kunming Declaration and its full support for the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals. </li></ul><ul><li>All governments, parliaments, NGOs, civil society and the international community must pursue MDGs to alleviate, if not end, poverty. The resources generated by the debt-equity swaps will be used exclusively to fund MDGs-related programs. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The PDP LABAN Must Take the Lead <ul><li>In order to live up to its name -- the party of the Philippine masses -- the PDP Laban commits itself to supporting such initiatives as the setting up of an Asian Anti-Poverty Fund and an Asian Micro-Finance Fund. </li></ul><ul><li>The PDP Laban also supports the final implementation of UN-approved proposals such as debt swaps to finance MDGs. </li></ul>
  27. 27. The PDP LABAN Must Take the Lead <ul><li>The PDP Laban supports re-negotiation of debt payment to a level that is sustainable for developing nations, including the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>The PDP Laban lauds the Overseas Development Assistance for its role in alleviating debt. </li></ul>
  28. 28. For a progressive Republic of the Philippines <ul><li>PDP Laban's vision will be to turn the overwhelming majority of the Filipino masses into a great middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>Just as the US, Canada and Western Europe has done in the recent past, and the People's Republic of China is doing now, so too will the Republic of the Philippines become a progressive nation where the majority of its citizens will not live in want. </li></ul>