Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Micro-Strip Antennas

Outlines
Introduction .
Micro-Strip Antennas Types .
Micro-Strip Antennas Shapes .
Types of Subs...
Introduction
In its most basic form, a Microstrip patch antenna consists of a radiating patch on one
side of a dielectric...
 The patch usually fed along the centerline to symmetry and thus
  minimize excitation of undesirable modes.

 Micro str...
Patch Shapes Are:
(a) Single radiating patches




(b) Single slot radiator
(c) Microstrip traveling wave antennas

                                         Comb MTWA



                            ...
(d) Microstrip antenna arrays
Substrates are:
 The most commonly used substrates are,
        1) Honey comb(dielectric constant=1.07)
        2)Duroid(...
Comparison of various types of flat profile printed
                   antennas:
Charaterstics         Microstrip patch   ...
Advantages:
 Low fabrication cost, hence can be manufactured in large
  quantities.
 Easily integrated with microwave in...
Disadvantages:
 Narrow bandwidth associated with tolerence problem
 Lower Gain(Nearly 6db) .
 Large ohmic losses in fee...
Remedies:
Low power and low gain can overcome by
 arrays configuration.
Surface wave associated limitations such as
 poo...
Applications:
Used in mobile satellite communication
 system.
Direct broad cast telivision(DBS).
Wire less LAN’S.
Feed...
Why we use Microstrip Patch Antennas ?
 Used for some reasons:
 Flat surface makes them ideal for mounting on airplane
...
UHF Patch Antennas for Space
Antenna Development Corporation, Inc.(AntDevCo) employees have designed and
manufactured spa...
Radiation patterns of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna




The directivity of a microstrip antenna as a function of ...
Radiation efficiency, h, and unloaded radiation Q, Q o, as a function
of substrate thickness .




Figure shows that :A m...
Optimizing the Substrate Properties for Increased Bandwidth
The easiest way to increase the bandwidth of an MSA is to :
1...
Comparing the different feed techniques :-
Feeding Techniques:
 Coaxial feed
 Microstrip feed
 Proximity coupled microstrip feed
 Aperture coupled microstrip fee...
2-Coaxial Feed :-
The Coaxial feed or probe feed is a very common
technique used for feeding Microstrip
patch antennas.

...
3-Aperture Coupled Feed

In this type of feed technique, the radiating patch
and the microstrip feed line are separated b...
4-Proximity Coupled Feed




This type of feed technique is also called as “the
electromagnetic coupling scheme” .

     ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

MicroStrip Antenna Slide 1 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 2 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 3 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 4 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 5 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 6 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 7 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 8 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 9 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 10 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 11 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 12 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 13 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 14 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 15 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 16 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 17 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 18 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 19 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 20 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 21 MicroStrip Antenna Slide 22
Upcoming SlideShare
Microstrip Patch Antenna Design
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

129 Likes

Share

Download to read offline

MicroStrip Antenna

Download to read offline

MicroStrip Antenna
Introduction .
Micro-Strip Antennas Types .
Micro-Strip Antennas Shapes .
Types of Substrates (Dielectric Media) .
Comparison of various types of flat profile printed antennas .
Advantages & DisAdvantages of MSAs .
Applications of MSAs .
Radiation patterns of MSAs .
How to Optimizing the Substrate Properties for Increased Bandwidth ?
Comparing the different feed techniques .

MicroStrip Antenna

  1. 1. Micro-Strip Antennas Outlines Introduction . Micro-Strip Antennas Types . Micro-Strip Antennas Shapes . Types of Substrates (Dielectric Media) . Comparison of various types of flat profile printed antennas . Advantages & DisAdvantages of MSAs . Applications of MSAs . Radiation patterns of MSAs . How to Optimizing the Substrate Properties for Increased Bandwidth ? Comparing the different feed techniques . Presented by:- Tarek Nader Esmat 04 -12-2012
  2. 2. Introduction In its most basic form, a Microstrip patch antenna consists of a radiating patch on one side of a dielectric substrate which has a ground plane on the other side For good antenna performance, a thick dielectric substrate having a low dielectric constant is desirable since this provides better efficiency, larger bandwidth and better radiation .  In genaral Micro strip antennas are also known as “ PRINTED ANTENNAS ”.  These are mostly used at microwave frequencies.  Because the size of the antenna is directly tied the wavelength at the resonant frequency.  Micro strip patch antenna or patch antenna is a narrowband wide-beam antenna. Structure of a Microstrip Patch Antenna
  3. 3.  The patch usually fed along the centerline to symmetry and thus minimize excitation of undesirable modes.  Micro strip antennas are easy to fabricate and comfortable on curved surface .  The directivity is fairly insensitive to the substrate thickness.  Micro strip patch antennas patches are in variety of shapes , such as rectangular , square , triangular and circulator …etc.
  4. 4. Patch Shapes Are: (a) Single radiating patches (b) Single slot radiator
  5. 5. (c) Microstrip traveling wave antennas Comb MTWA Meander Line Type MTWA Rectangular Loop Type MTWA Franklin – Type MTWA The open end of the long TEM line is terminated in a matched resistive load.
  6. 6. (d) Microstrip antenna arrays
  7. 7. Substrates are:  The most commonly used substrates are, 1) Honey comb(dielectric constant=1.07) 2)Duroid(dielectric constant=2.32) 3)Quartz(dielectric constant=3.8) 4)Alumina(dielectric constant=10)  A thicker substrate will increase the radiation power , reduce conductor loss and improve Band width.
  8. 8. Comparison of various types of flat profile printed antennas: Charaterstics Microstrip patch Microstrip slot Printed diploe antenna antenna antenna Profile Thin Thin Thin Fabrication Very easy Easy Easy Polarization Both linear& Both linear& Linear circular circular Dual freq operation Possible Possible Possible Shape Any shape Rec &circle Rec &tiangular Spurious radiation Exists Exists exists
  9. 9. Advantages:  Low fabrication cost, hence can be manufactured in large quantities.  Easily integrated with microwave integrated circuits (MICs).  Capable of dual and triple frequency operations.  Supports both, linear as well as circular polarization.  Low cost , Less size , Low Mass .  Mechanically robust when mounted on rigid surfaces.  High Performance  Light weight and low volume.
  10. 10. Disadvantages:  Narrow bandwidth associated with tolerence problem  Lower Gain(Nearly 6db) .  Large ohmic losses in feed structure of arrays.  Excitation of surface waves .  Most microstrip antennas radiate into half-space .  Relatively low efficiency (due to dielectric and conductor losses) .  relatively high level of cross polarization radiation Spurious feed radiation (surface waves, strips, etc.)  Inherently low impedance bandwidth. Low efficiency . Extraneous radiation from feeds and junctions . Low power handling capacity.
  11. 11. Remedies: Low power and low gain can overcome by arrays configuration. Surface wave associated limitations such as poor efficiency,increased mutual coupling , reduced gain and radiation pattern can overcome. The band width can increase up to 60% by using some special techniques.
  12. 12. Applications: Used in mobile satellite communication system. Direct broad cast telivision(DBS). Wire less LAN’S. Feed elements in coaxial system GPS system. Missiles and telementry UHF Patch Antennas for Space
  13. 13. Why we use Microstrip Patch Antennas ?  Used for some reasons:  Flat surface makes them ideal for mounting on airplane  Impedance matching fairly simple  Microstrip patch antennas have a very high antenna quality factor(Q).  Q represents the losses associated with the antenna and a large Q leads to narrow bandwidth and low efficiency.  Q can be reduced by increasing the thickness of the dielectric substrate. But as the thickness increases, an increasing fraction of the total power delivered by the source goes into a surface wave Calculating Patch Length:- o PL 3.009" 2 r
  14. 14. UHF Patch Antennas for Space Antenna Development Corporation, Inc.(AntDevCo) employees have designed and manufactured spacecraft microstrip patch antennas for many small spacecraft programs. These antennas are capable of supporting high data rates to at least 10 Watts of transmitted power. Applications include GPS, USAF SGLS, NASA SN (Including TDRSS forward/return pairs), radar transponder, and the NASA DSN. The antennas can be supplied with LHCP, RHCP, or linear polarization . UHF Patch antenna
  15. 15. Radiation patterns of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna The directivity of a microstrip antenna as a function of dielectric constant computed :-
  16. 16. Radiation efficiency, h, and unloaded radiation Q, Q o, as a function of substrate thickness . Figure shows that :A microstrip patch that uses a thicker substrate is more efficient. In addition, as the substrate thickness increases, the radiation Q of the antenna decreases. Thus, impedance bandwidth increases with increasing substrate thickness.
  17. 17. Optimizing the Substrate Properties for Increased Bandwidth The easiest way to increase the bandwidth of an MSA is to : 1) Print the antenna on a thicker substrate.  However, thick substrates tend to trap surface wave modes , especially if the dielectric constant of the substrate is high .  Finally if the substrate is very thick, radiating modes higher than the fundamental will be excited. 2) Decrease the dielectric constant of the substrate.  However, this has detrimental effects on antenna size reduction since the resonant length of an MSA is shorter for higher substrate dielectric constant..  In addition, the directivity of the MSA depends on the dielectric constant of the substrate. 3) Stack two patches on top of each other separated by a dielectric substrate or spacers. The application involved two identical circular patches stacked on top of each other. The lower patch was fed using a coaxial probe feed, and the top patch was electromagnetically coupled to the lower one . A stacked circular patch EMC-MSA fed using a coaxial probe.
  18. 18. Comparing the different feed techniques :-
  19. 19. Feeding Techniques:  Coaxial feed  Microstrip feed  Proximity coupled microstrip feed  Aperture coupled microstrip feed  Coplanar wave guide  Line Feed 1-Microstrip Line Feed : In this type of feed technique, a conducting strip is connected directly to the edge of the microstrip patch. This kind of feed arrangement has the advantage that the feed can be etched on the same substrate to provide a planar structure.
  20. 20. 2-Coaxial Feed :- The Coaxial feed or probe feed is a very common technique used for feeding Microstrip patch antennas. The main advantage of this type of feeding scheme is that the feed can be placed at any desired location inside the patch in order to match with its input impedance. This feed method is easy to fabricate and has Probe fed Rectangular Microstrip Patch low spurious radiation. Antenna from top However, its major disadvantage is that it Coaxial Ground Plane Connector Substrate Patch provides narrow bandwidth and is difficult to model since a hole has to be drilled in the substrate . and the connector protrudes outside the ground plane, thus not making it completely planar for thick substrates . Probe fed Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna from side view
  21. 21. 3-Aperture Coupled Feed In this type of feed technique, the radiating patch and the microstrip feed line are separated by the ground plane . Coupling between the patch and the feed line is made through a slot or an aperture in the ground plane. The coupling aperture is usually centered under the Aperture-coupled feed patch, leading to lower cross polarization due to symmetry of the configuration. The amount of coupling from the feed line to the patch is determined by the shape, size and location of the aperture.
  22. 22. 4-Proximity Coupled Feed This type of feed technique is also called as “the electromagnetic coupling scheme” . Proximity-coupled Feed Two dielectric substrates are used such that the feed line is between the two substrates and the radiating patch is on top of the upper substrate. The main advantage of this feed technique is that it eliminates spurious feed radiation and provides very high bandwidth due to overall increase in the thickness of the microstrip patch antenna. This scheme also provides choices between two different dielectric media, one for the patch and one for the feed line to optimize the individual performances. Matching can be achieved by controlling the length of the feed line and the width-to-line ratio of the patch. The major disadvantage of this feed scheme is that it is difficult to fabricate because of the two dielectric layers which need proper alignment. Also, there is an increase in the overall thickness of the antenna.
  • JebaSaral

    Oct. 26, 2021
  • AmishaRavichandran

    Sep. 8, 2021
  • ZebSheroz

    Jun. 23, 2021
  • ramyasree142

    Dec. 18, 2020
  • JaiDev3

    Sep. 22, 2020
  • Brundagowda4

    Aug. 11, 2020
  • PrinceRauniyar1

    May. 14, 2020
  • SadalingPatil

    Apr. 23, 2020
  • AbhishekSaxena178

    Mar. 30, 2020
  • JamiKanakaraju

    Feb. 27, 2020
  • VasanthiP5

    Feb. 4, 2020
  • asersaleh

    Dec. 15, 2019
  • MamtaMishra11

    Dec. 15, 2019
  • MohamedElBeltagy12

    Dec. 4, 2019
  • PoojaHM4

    Nov. 28, 2019
  • SailajaLayam

    Nov. 25, 2019
  • mahiii0701

    Oct. 26, 2019
  • AkalyaGowdhaman

    Oct. 10, 2019
  • GauravKamal3

    Sep. 25, 2019
  • KursamAravind

    Aug. 25, 2019

MicroStrip Antenna Introduction . Micro-Strip Antennas Types . Micro-Strip Antennas Shapes . Types of Substrates (Dielectric Media) . Comparison of various types of flat profile printed antennas . Advantages & DisAdvantages of MSAs . Applications of MSAs . Radiation patterns of MSAs . How to Optimizing the Substrate Properties for Increased Bandwidth ? Comparing the different feed techniques .

Views

Total views

99,722

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

48

Actions

Downloads

6,908

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

129

×