Managing The Physical Environment 3


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Managing The Physical Environment 3

  1. 1. Managing the Physical Environment What are the effects of the growth of recreation and tourism? National Parks Case Study The Lake District MEDC
  2. 2. Lake District National Park <ul><li>National Park was formed in 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>North West England </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - 20 million visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Resident population of 40,000 </li></ul>Honeypot site – places with special appeal that attract large visitor numbers e.g. Lake Windermere (Lake District) MEDC
  3. 3. Why do people visit the Lake District? <ul><li>Spectacular scenery including mountains, rivers and coasts </li></ul><ul><li>The area has good access with motorway links (M6) </li></ul><ul><li>There are many small attractive settlements e.g. Windermere and Grasmere </li></ul><ul><li>There is good opportunity for activity holidays including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse riding </li></ul></ul>MEDC
  4. 4. What are the effects of recreational development? <ul><li>The most popular footpaths and lakeside and being eroded. </li></ul><ul><li>Local shops have been replaced by gift shops. </li></ul><ul><li>Overuse of the lakes causes pollution and conflict between users. </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for holiday homes pushes up local house prices. </li></ul><ul><li>Money from tourism helps the upkeep of the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation and tourism creates many and direct and indirect jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism gives people the opportunity to experience and understand the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism gives a boost to many local industries. </li></ul>MEDC
  5. 5. How can recreational areas be managed? MEDC Close some of the roads to traffic Provide cheaper houses for local people Fence off more areas Put artificial surfaces on the most used footpaths Encourage people to use areas that are less busy Provide more car parks Restrict building in some areas How could the pressures on the area be reduced? Adopt stricter planning regulations
  6. 6. Advantages and disadvantages of management? <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in pressure on honeypot areas </li></ul><ul><li>Less traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of the most valuable areas </li></ul><ul><li>Less unrestricted building </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in the numbers of visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer tourism related jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Local income decline </li></ul><ul><li>Less money for local service and environmental protection </li></ul>MEDC
  7. 7. How can the lakes be managed? <ul><li>There has been a growth in leisure activities on the lakes in recent years and this has: </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the possibility of water pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the rate of bank-side erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Created a problem between different groups of users (sailing/fishing/water skiing etc.) </li></ul>MEDC <ul><li>Responses to this have been to: </li></ul><ul><li>Ban all water-based activities on some lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Zone lakes so that individual activities can only take place within specified zones </li></ul><ul><li>Impose speed limits e.g. Windermere </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lake Windermere: Honeypot <ul><li>Attracts millions of visitors each year </li></ul><ul><li>10mph speed limit on Windermere came into force in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>It will allow smaller vessels such as sailing boats and kayaks to enjoy the lake safely, unhampered by the jetskis, water skiers and fast motor boats. </li></ul><ul><li>However many local businesses will lose money. Tourists bring jobs and money into the area but increase traffic congestion and have a significant environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>Anti 10mph Speed Limit Site </li></ul>MEDC