Lesson 9 United Nations


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Lesson 9 United Nations

  1. 1. Systems Module Geography Lessons Lesson 9 The Diplomatic System Aim- What is the United Nations (UN) and how does it work?
  2. 2. THE UNITED NATIONS (UN) Secretary General – Kofi Annan
  3. 3. What is the United Nations (UN)? <ul><li>The United Nations is made up of 191 countries from around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It was set-up in 1945 after the second world war as a way of brining people together and to avoid war </li></ul>
  4. 4. What does the UN do? <ul><li>The UN works for world peace and development in many different ways </li></ul><ul><li>It organises peace keeping forces in trouble spots around the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does it work? <ul><li>Resolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Each country has a single vote. Decisions that are voted for become resolutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Major decisions about things like who can join the UN need the support of two-thirds of the Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>Less important decisions need the support of over half the Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The Assembly's decisions are not laws. Governments follow resolutions because they represent the world's opinion on major international issues. </li></ul>Representatives of each member country meet in the General Assembly , this is the closest thing to a world parliament.
  6. 6. Who are the Security Council? <ul><li>The 15 members of the UN Security Council try to keep the world a peaceful and secure place. They vote on the best ways to prevent countries fighting. There are two groups of members. </li></ul><ul><li>Five permanent members </li></ul><ul><li>France, UK, Russia, China and The United States </li></ul><ul><li>Ten temporary members </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Guinea, Mexico, Pakistan, Spain, Syria, Angola </li></ul><ul><li>Bulgaria, Cameroon and Chile </li></ul><ul><li>The rules for voting </li></ul><ul><li>1. One member, one vote. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Each of the five permanent members can stop the UN from making decisions they may not agree with. This is called the power of veto. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nine votes in favour are needed to make a decision. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Five of the nine votes must come from permanent members. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Human Rights? <ul><li>Spend 5-10 minutes with the person next to you and come up with a list of rights that you think all human beings should have </li></ul>
  8. 8. Universal Declaration of Human Rights In 1948 the UN made a list of human rights (below is a shortened list): <ul><li>Be born free and equal </li></ul><ul><li>Have life, freedom and safety </li></ul><ul><li>Never be a slave, tortured or degraded </li></ul><ul><li>Be recognised as a person in law </li></ul><ul><li>Be free from arrest, detention or exile without reason </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Have a fair, public, and independent trial, and be presumed innocent until proved guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Own and keep property </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of speech, thought, conscience and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Vote for their government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Task 2 <ul><li>In groups of 3-4s, spend the remainder of the lesson, researching a case (either recent or in history) whereby one or more of these human rights has been broken, since 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>Your aim is to produce a 2 slide power point show describing and explaining which human rights were broken, how and why and finally what did the UN/International Community do about it? </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?list=type&type=116 </li></ul>Research tips, type into google, ‘human rights’ or ‘human right violations’
  10. 10. Extension <ul><li>If you have completed this presentation and you are awaiting other groups to complete the task, click on to the below link, and play the quiz </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. cyberschoolbus .un.org/ flagtag / frm _ft_intro.asp?score=0&screen_height=600 </li></ul>