Lesson 7 The Factory System


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Lesson 7 The Factory System

  1. 1. Systems Module Geography Lessons Lesson 7 The factory system Aim- How does the factory system work and where are they best located?
  2. 2. Nearby Markets Labour Supply Energy Sources Location Factors Raw Material Available Land Government Money
  3. 3. Factors effecting factory location <ul><li>Task 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Complete the sorting exercise showing the factors associated with factory location </li></ul>
  4. 4. Industrial Linkages are connections between businesses, which cause them to tend to congregate together
  5. 5. During the Industrial Revolution the growing textiles & iron industries were powered by coal-fired steam engines
  6. 6. Coal was heavy and difficult to transport (railways came later), so the developing industry located near the main coal fields TASK 2 In a couple of sentences, describe the location of these old, heavy industries/coal mines
  7. 7. Cheap labour in Far East LEDCs has made MEDC heavy industry uncompetitive TASK 3 What do you think the impact will therefore be on those places you have just described? List as many things as you can
  8. 8. The result is Industrial Decline in many areas, e.g. North-East England or the Ruhr in Germany Teesside
  9. 9. Modern industries involve lighter, more high technology and higher Value Added activities, e.g. mobile phones, computers, medical equipment
  10. 10. As they do not use large quantities of heavy materials and the products are not bulky, transport costs are low Modern Industries can therefore go anywhere - they are “Footloose”, choosing Industrial Estates or Business Parks
  11. 11. Ashford’s Business and Science parks <ul><li>Task 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Using the map on the following slide, describe the location of Ashford’s business and science parks </li></ul>
  12. 12. All fourteen business parks have good access to the primary road network and the M20 1. Cobbs Wood / Chart Road 2. Godinton Way 3. Mace Lane 4. Henwood 5. Batchelors / Quest 6. Willesborough 7. Brookfield / Fairwood 8. Victoria Road 9. Eastmead 10. Old Railway Works 11. Beaver 12. Kingsnorth 13. Ellingham 14. Ashford Business Park Green Field Sites Eureka Science and Business Park, Orbital Park, Waterbrook Park and Cheeseman's Green ASHFORD BUSINESS/SCIENCE PARKS
  13. 13. The key factors are main roads, airports, universities and highly educated workers
  14. 14. Industry change location poem <ul><li>Task 5 and Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Using the following slide of images, write a poem describing the differences between the two different types of industry </li></ul><ul><li>The old heavy industries on the left hand side to the change to the hi tech, ‘footloose’ industries on the right hand side </li></ul><ul><li>Use the brainstorming sheet in word to gather your ideas </li></ul>