Mr. Fish

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Mr. Fish

  1. 1. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationMs. Tori M. Kelly21 March 2012CJ 341 Sex OffendersProfessor Ovetta Peete KGA-SEX OFFENDER ASSESSMENT “VAMPIRE OF BROOKLYN” PSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION 1
  2. 2. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation Abstract: The “Vampire of Brooklyn”, Mr. Albert Fish, who called himself Mr. Frank Howard,alsoknown as the “boogieman” and the “grey man”, was the most notorious predatory, psychopathic,sexual, sadomasochistic, pedophiliac, cannibalistic, serial murderer ever recorded in worldhistory. His psychopathy was so multifaceted thatdevelopmentof new psychiatric diagnosisbecame necessaryin order to define his vile tendencies.Due to the severity and duration of hispathology, effectiverehabilitation would most likely have been remote. Research indicates thatprecedent deviantbehaviorsin young children that typically escalate tosuch violent levels inadultsare most likely treatable withpsychological intervention in order to circumvent this type ofsex offender. 2
  3. 3. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation Mr. Albert Fish: Psychological Evaluation ReportPROFILE:OVERVIEWBorn: 19 may 1870: Hamilton FishCaucasian: MaleAlias: Frank HowardProfession: Itinerant Painter/HandymanFAMILY BACKGROUND:Seven known relatives with mental disorder, 2 of which died during institutionalism. Fatherdeceased after subject turned 5; mother abandons and puts subject in orphanage. Subjectcontinued care for his six children when wife left after 19 yrs.; no report of assault toward familyby subject. Children requested to engage in masochism toward subject. Children noted subjectbecome psychopathic after wife left family(Taylor, 2004)(Howard & Smith, 2004)(Albert Fish,2010)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert)(Albert H. Fish,2012).CRIMINAL BACKGROUND:Grand Larceny- Age 33: JailedSix counts: Writing lewd and pornographic letters to women: Incarcerated in psychiatric ward-2weeks: Age 61 (46 total letters recovered)Petty Theft: JailedMurder- Age 65: Executed- Age 65 (Evans, 2002)(Rawlins, Albert Fish Trial and Execution,2003).OFFENCES:RAPE: (Admitted)Against children at age 20: Torture. Escalating to murder and cannibalism.Admitted to over 400 victims; mostly African American. 100 confirmed.MURDER: First at age 30. 15 reliably confirmed(Evans, 2002).VICTIMOLOGY:Child between the ages 8-15, preferably male but not strictly. Child is unsupervised, easilypersuaded and subdued. Child most often from poor socioeconomic background to draw as littleattention as possible to their disappearance(Victims of Violence Organization, 2011). 3
  4. 4. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationPRECIPITATING EVENTS:SubjectAbandoned by mother and wife. Suffered physical abuse in orphanage age 5-9, resultingin early onset of masochistic fantasies. Witnessed zoosadism of a horse on fire. Head trauma tofrontal lobe of brain.Subject’s children noted onset bizarre behavior after absence of their mother: Hallucinations.Christ Complex. Obsession with sin, sacrifice, and atonement through pain. Enjoyment of beingpaddled by children until buttocks bled(Taylor, 2004)(Flynn, 2007).CRONOLOGICAL OFFENDER BACKROUNDAge 5:Placed in orphanage by mother after father’s deathAge 5-11:BedwettingAge 7: Fell from cherry tree causing frontal lobe head injury and headachesAge 10: Reunited with motherAge 12:Practiced drinking urine and eating feces taught to him by a youth whom he had arelationship with. Visited public baths to watch nude boysAge 15:Quit school. Changed name to Albert to escape taunting classmates calling him “Hamand Eggs.”Age 20: Male prostitute began raping young boysAge 28:Married/ Fathered 6 childrenAge 47:Wife left after 19 yrs. ( Remarried/divorced 3 additional times)Enjoyed his children hitting his buttocks with nail-studded paddle until he bled Enjoyment sticking pins in scrotum and under fingernails; burning self with hot irons Developed morbid interest in castration of young boysAge 54: Strangled/sexually assaulted/murdered 8 yr. old Francis McDonnell (male)Age 55: Onset delusions and hallucinationsAge 56: Abducted 4 yr. old Billy GaffneyAge 58:Changed name: Frank Howard: Kidnapped, raped, mutilated, cannibalized10 yr. oldGracie BuddAge 62: Mauled/murdered 15 yr. old Mary O’ConnorAge 64: Sent letter to Gracie Budd’s mother, detailing his onslaughtAge 65: Arrested for murder of Gracie BudAge 65: Expressed enjoymentfor his execution(Albert Fish, 2010)(Flynn, 2007)(Albert H.Fish)(Borowski, 2007)(Howard & Smith, 2004)(Taylor, 2004) 4
  5. 5. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationMTC: CM3 CHILD MOLESTER CATEGORY: BOTH: (Subject initially displays one,leading to the other.)Regressed: Sexual interests towards age appropriate partners (four wives); substitute childrenduring considerable stress (loss of first wife); victims often girls; opportunistic and impulsiveFixated: High fixation/high social competence. High contact/narcissistic. Preoccupied withchildren, establishing relationship through grooming and pre-meditation. Increased risk for re-offendingMTC: R RAPIST TYPOLOGIES:Sexual Gratification: extensive sexual fantasies or preoccupations, involving sadistic behaviors,with high level of social competency(The Etiology of Sexual Offending Behavior and Sex Offender Typology, 2012)GROTH SEXUAL OFFENDER TYPOLOGIES :Sadistic: sexual gratification from inflicting pain/suffering (Groth)Opportunistic: need to satisfy immediate sexual impulses (Groth)Approach-Explicit: Premeditate and avoid detectionGROTH RAPIST TYPOLOGIES:Anger Rapist: expressing anger and hostility that has built up over time, inflicting severephysical injury, subjecting victims to degrading and humiliating sexual acts, often preceded by aprecipitating life stressorSadistic Rapist: sexual arousal from inflicting pain and suffering by means of mutilation to thedegree of murder of their victims, involving meticulous planning and premeditation usually bymeans of targeting and stalking because of specific attributes(The Etiology of Sexual Offending Behavior and Sex Offender Typology, 2012)SELF-REGULATION:Approach-Explicit: wanting to and actively planning to engage in said behavior by targeting,grooming, and taking extreme precaution to avoid detection. Able to premeditate and takeadvantage of or even create opportunity, and experience positive emotions throughout theanticipation of their planned outcome(The Etiology of Sexual Offending Behavior and Sex Offender Typology, 2012) 5
  6. 6. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation*DSM-IV MULTI-AXIAL DIAGNOSISAXIS I295.30 SCHIZPHRENIA (298)- Paranoid Type; Continuous302.4 Exhibitionism (569)302.81 Fetishism (569)302.2 Pedophilia (571) Sexually Attracted To Both/Exclusive Type302.83 Sexual Masochism (572)302.84 Sexual Sadism (573)302.82 Voyeurism (575)302.9 Paraphilia NOS (576) Other paraphilia not listed in DSM IV-TRAXIS II301.20 SCHIZOID PERSONALITY DISORDER (PREMORBID)(694)(Detachment: social relations)301.7 ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDSER (701)(Childhood onset: disregardfor, and violation of, the rights of others, continues into adulthood)301.83 BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (706) (Abandonment fears/anger)301.81 NARCICISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER (714) (Grandiosity/lack of empathy)AXIS III: Headaches due to childhood frontal lobe brain injuryAXIS IV PROBLEMS WITH PRIMARY SUPPORT GROUP (Parents, Spouse) PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT (Lack of social support in orphanage) EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS (Classmates) PROBLEMS RELATED TO INTERACTION WITH THE LEGAL SYSTEM/CRIME OTHER PSYCHOSOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS (Discord in Orphanage)AXIS V: (GAF) 1-10: Recurrent Violence 6
  7. 7. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationOFFENDER’S PARAPHILIA DISORDERS:*SEXUAL MASOCHISM: Arousal from being beatenUROPHILIA: Enjoyment drinking urineCOPROPHILIA: Enjoyment eating feces*VOYEURISM: Watching nude boysINFIBULATION: Enjoyed sticking pins under fingernailsALGOLAGNIA: Enjoyed sticking pins in scrotal areaINFANTOPHILIA: Aroused by children 5 or younger*AUTOPEDOPHILLIA/PAEDOPHILIA: Aroused by prepubescent (5-11)HEBEPHILIA: Aroused by pubescent children (12-14)BIASTOPHILIA: Arousal from rape of unconsenting personPEDERASTY: Enjoy raping young boys*SEXUAL SADISM: Aroused by inflicting pain on othersCOPROGRAPHIA: Enjoyed writing obscene lettersVAMPIRISM: Drawing/drinking blood*EXHIBITIONISM: Sexually exposing oneself to others, with or without consentEROTOPHONOPHILIA: Murder/mutilationANTHROPOPHAGY: Aroused by cannibalismNYMPHOMANIA: Addicted to sexual arousalFLAGELLATION: Aroused by whippingCASTRATION: Removal of testiclesSELF-CASTRATION: Causing harm to the testicular areaFELLATIO: Oral sex of male genitalsCUNNILINGUS: Oral sex of female genitalsANILINGUS: Oral sex of anus*FETISHISM: Sexual arousal from a fetishOLFACTOPHILIA: Aroused by smells(Association, U 03 Pedophilic Disorder, 2011)(Association, U 05 Sexual Sadism Disorder,2010)(Harlow)(List of Paraphilias, 2009)(Association, Diagnostic And Statistical Manual OfMental Disorders- DSM IV-TR, 2000) 7
  8. 8. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationDISCUSSION: Albert Fish falls into many categories, subcategories, and cross categories of psychologicaldisorders, paraphilia, and sexually motivated criminal offenses. Over the course of fifty yearsduring the early 20th century, this subject engaged in sexually deviant behavior that escalated tothe degree of murder and beyond until his execution at the age of 65. He has proclaimed theliability for almost 400 victims to his perversions, fifteen of whom authorities confirmed hemurdered. The following analysis revealsthis subject suffered more psychological maladies thanany human being in recorded history, and as such, most likely could not have been treated evenwith the most contemporary psychotherapy. Firstly, the subject was a serial killer, legally definedby the United States Bureau of JusticeStatistics (USBJS) as one who kills a number of people on at least three separate events over along period, with a “cooling-off” cycle between victims, and include four distinctive types, all ofwhich depict this subject. The Visionary Motive type, considered insane and psychotic due toauditory hallucinations ordering the subject to kill. The Missionary-Oriented Motive typedisplays no external psychosis but internally has the need to rid the world of what he considersimmoral or unworthy, selecting a specific group to kill. The Power-Control type seek completecontrol over their victim, almost always involving sexual contact. The Thrill-Oriented Motive orHedonistic type kills sadistically for excitement. The Hedonistic Lust killer (subtype of theprevious)is in touch with reality, able to have relationships and gains sexual arousal by heinouslytorturing their victim before killing them. (Jones, 2000)(Victims of Violence Organization,2011). 8
  9. 9. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation Based on this subject’s profile, he falls within all four types of serial killers. It has beenconfirmed he victimized at least 15 individuals by means of luring a specific group into feelingcomfortable until he has the opportunity to satisfy his sexual arousal and sadistically torture themtodeath. Furthermore, his motive is to rid the world of individuals he considers immoral:motivated by voices telling him to do so(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert). There are three categories within each type. The organized killer premeditates and “grooms”in order to establish the trust of his victim, as this subject did with Gracie Budd. Thedisorganized killer will simply take advantage of an opportunity with little planning, if any. The“mixed” displays both traits. This subject was both an opportunist, preying on unsupervisedchildren, as well as a methodical premeditative killer, depending on the situation (Jones, 2000). According to the FBI criteria, the average serial killer usually exhibits the following traits, ofwhich only those applicable to this subject are listed(Victims of Violence, 2011): Intelligent History of a troubled childhood and/or broken family History of violence against others History of bedwetting History of head trauma Unable to hold on to long-term relationships (however, the killer may have been/be married, or have children, but they are emotionally distant from their family) White Male Around 25-35 years of age Psychopathy 9
  10. 10. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation Secondly, this subject is a child molester, which according to Groth, is divided into aclassifications system. The fixated offender displays a persistent, continual, and compulsiveproclivity toward children. The regressed offender is motivated by external stressors and focuson children as a substitute for a loss of an age appropriate relationship. This subject exhibitsboth, as he had a spousal relationship, which ended after 19 years. He then substituted sexualgratification by having his and neighbor children paddle his buttocks. This escalated to beingfixated on children exclusively (Terry, 2006). The Massachusetts Treatment Center: Child Molester Typology, version 3 (MTC:CM3)system is based on two axes. Axis I measures the degree of fixation and social competency,while Axis II measures the amount of contact the offender has with children. This subject fallswithin an intense degree of fixation with high social competency, as he is able to socialize withchildren and adults, positing him as type 1 in the first axis. Within the second axis, he is type 2,exhibiting a high amount of narcissistic contact; and type 6: inflicting a high level of sadisticphysical injury (Terry, 2006). Thirdly, the subject is a rapist. According to Groth Typologies, he is both an Anger andSadistic Rapist. According to the MTC:CM system (assessing primary motivation) he wasinitially type 6: seeking sexual gratification on a non-sadistic level with high socialcompetency;escalating to type 4: seeking sexual gratification and opportunistic circumstanceswith a high level of social competency in a sadistic, overt manner. (MTC: R)(Subtypes andTypologies). The Self-Regulation Model(not yet technically considered to be a typology approach),classifies sex offenders into subgroups based on whether or not their primary intent or desire is tocommit or avoid committing a sex offense. This subject is the Approach-Explicit as he actively 10
  11. 11. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationplans and wants to engage in this behavior and grooms a specific target, avoidingdetection(Subtypes and Typologies, 2012). Roth and MTC Typologies are useful in developing more individualized and effectivemanagement strategies for law enforcement to apprehend sexual offenders. These classificationsdo not provide a dynamic developmental scale that measures a rapist over time, but are anassessment of sexual offender behavior regarding a particular moment, setting, and victim. Theydo not encompass a complete criminal profile but are purported only to accompany a thoroughdiagnostic psychological evaluation as far as rehabilitation is concerned. In considering possible treatment for a sex offender, we must refer to the Diagnostic andStatistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Following is a multi-axialdiagnosis where in axis I we examine primary psychopathy, followed by axis II secondarydiagnosis. Axis III measures general medical conditions. Axis IV measures psychosocial andenvironmental problems. Axis V, a Global Assessment of Functioning measurement of symptomseverity and overall level of individual functioning. This subject falls into the diagnostic criteria for Schizophrenia in axis I marked by: (1)delusions that he is Christ and ordained by God to inflict pain and suffering on his victims as ameans of sacrificing them for the purpose of salvation from sin and that eating their flesh anddrinking their blood is a spiritual ritual. According to the subject, he is acting out of “love” andin the case of Rosie Budd, he was saving her from future sin by murdering her as a virgin. (2)(Auditory) hallucinations of God telling him to commit these acts, with visions of Christ andhimself as a child revisiting him frequently during his violent episodes. Subject also exhibitsmarked social dysfunction, as he cannot maintain a meaningful sexual relationship with ageappropriate individuals. He has no social ties within the community and only falsely initiatesthem for the purpose of satisfying his psychopathy. The duration has lasted longer than six 11
  12. 12. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationmonths, onset occurred in subject’s youth and escalated through adulthood(Association,Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders- DSM IV-TR, 2000)(Borowski,2007)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert, 2012). Subject also meets criteria for the Schizophrenic Paranoid Subtype: Continuous marked bydelusions that are typically persecutory, grandiose, and religious in nature. Anger oftenaccompanies episodes predisposing the subject to violence. Subject’s prognosis is good, as hehas the capacity for occupational functioning as a drifting painter and independent living(DSM-IV). Six Paraphilia from this diagnostic tool apply to the subject. He meets the criteria forExhibitionism: exposing his genitals to his victims (who are for all intents and purposes astranger prior to grooming). He has recurrent, intense sexual arousing fantasies, urges orbehaviors involving the exposure, which he has acted on and which have caused interpersonaldifficulties(Association, Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders- DSM IV-TR,2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert, 2012)(Borowski, 2007). This subject meets the criteria for Fetishism: sexual arousal from touching and/or smellingone of his victim’s baseballs and the flesh of Gracie Budd prior to consumption. This behavior isrecurrent and has lasted more than six months, and has caused social dysfunction(Flynn, 2007). Subject also meets the criteria for Pedophilia: acting on fantasies of sexual contact withchildren, which has caused interpersonal difficulty for a period of more than six months. He isprimarily but not exclusively sexually attracted to boys and of Exclusive Type being attractedonly to children ( DSM IV-TR, 2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert, 2012) ( U 03Pedophilic Disorder, 2011). 12
  13. 13. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation One of the subjects earliest and most prevelant disorders is Sexual Masochism, as he becamesexualy aroused while being beaten at the orphanage, which escalated to self infliction in variousforms. From this, he advanced to Sexual Sadism as he began to be aroused by inflicting pain onothers. He would frequent public baths to watch boys in the nude, thus Voyerism satisfied hissexual arousal(DSM IV-TR, 2000) (Sexual Masochism Disorder, 2010) (U 05 Sexual SadismDisorder, 2010). Within Axis II, four disorders are diagnosed. The subject meets criteria for SchizoidPersonality Disorder-Premorbid, as he suffered detatchment from social relationships prior toonset of Schizophrenia. He exhibited early adult onset of restricted range of expression ofemotions in interpersonel settings. He niether desired or enjoyed close relationships, took nopleasure in activites other than abusive behavior, and expressed flattened affectivity(Association,Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders- DSM IV-TR,2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert). The subject satisfies criteria for childhood onset of Antisocial Personality Disorder, as hefailed to conform to social norms, was deceitful with lies, used an alias at age 15, conning othersfor personal pleasure, engaging in assaults against boys, lack of remorse and Conduct Disorderprior to the age of 15(Association, Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders-DSM IV-TR, 2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert). Subject also conforms to criteria for Boderline Personality Disorder: fear and avoidance ofabandonment which began after his mother left him in the orphanage and agravated subjects 13
  14. 14. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationdysfunction remarkabbly after his first wife left him. The loss of external structure lead toprofound changes in self-image. He suffered sexual impulsivity which was both self-damagingand damaging to others, recurrent self-mutilation, affective instability, and chronic feelings ofemptiness(DSM IV-TR, 2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert)(Borowski, 2007). Finally, the subject is in accordance with criteria for Narcicistic Personality Disorder asmarked by a grandiose sense of self-importance exhibited through delusions of being Christ andordaned by God. He was preoccupied with fantasies of power and believed he was special andcould only be understood by others like him. He also has a sense of entitlement to his victims, isinterpersonally exploitative as he did so to helpless children, lacks empathy and displays haughtybehaviors and attitudes(DSM IV-TR, 2000)(Articles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert, 2012) In Axis III subject has headaches resulting from frontal lobe trauma after he fell from acherry tree at age 7(Rutigliano, 2008). In Axis IV it is determined that the subject has psychosocial and environmental problemswhich may effect diagnosis and treatment of Axes I and II. Firstly he had problems with hisprimary support group: his mother and wives. Secondly, he had problems related to the socialenvironment as he could never find someone like himself to have a meaningful relationship withand he lacked social support in the orphanage. Thirdly, he had educational problems, asclassmates would tease him about his name. He also had problems with the legal system, havingbeen incarcerated for various crimes. Finally, this subject experienced other psychosocial andenvironmental problems such as discord in the orphanage, and having to take care of his sixchildren after his wife left them(Albert Fish, 2010) (DSM-IV, 2000). In accordance with the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, with 1 being the lowest and100 being the highest, this subject scores 1-10, exhibiting persistent danger of severely harming 14
  15. 15. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationself or others, though initially he would have scored early onset of only 11-20 marked by somedanger of hurting self or others. This completes the DSM-IV Multi-AxialDiagnosis(Association, Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders- DSM IV-TR,2000).ETIOLOGY: The following analysis will serve to provide a multicausal explanation of the etiology of thesubject’s sexually deviant behavior. Several theories apply here which will be examined.Sigmund Freud’s psychdynamic theory posits that sexual “perversions” are a result of childhooddeprevation, which this subject did indeed endure not only by his mother’s abandonment but thelack of physical affection while he was in the orphanage, which was replaced instead by physicalabuse. Freud further explains that regression to one of the four stages of sexual development isalso a factor. During the phallic stage (ages 3-6) the pleasure zones switch to the genitals(Terry,2006). Beause this subject was physically abused during this stage, I speculate that as he had anerection during this type of interaction, he associated pain and suffering with sexual pleasure. According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, during level one (preconventionalmorality) in the first stage children see rules as fixed and absolute. Rules in the orphanage wereambiguous, as the children were abused regardless of adherance or not. As a result, because thissubject experienced pleasure while being punished, his concept of right and wrong have becomedistorted. In stage two, children account for individual thought and actions based on how theyserve their needs(Cherry, 2012). As this subject sought the pleasure through punishment, devientbehavior would certainly satisfy this need. At level two(conventional morality), stage three focuses on conforming to social norms.While in the orphanage this subject experienced conflicting expectations and uncertanty of what 15
  16. 16. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationthose social norms were through physical abuse. To him, the abuse was the norm, as was theabandonment by his mother, which interfered with close emotional attachment. Stage fourfocuses on maintaining social order by respecting authority, which in this case was abusive, thusrespect for pain and suffering ensued(Cherry, 2012). Level three (postconventional morality) in stage five development of differing values,opinions and beliefs of other people hinges on the agreement of individual members of societyas to what they are. Given the subjects history, these would be ambiguous as he begins todevelop his own distorted personal standards in order to cope with his environment, whichbecame more embeded in the final stage of moral development. At this stage internalizedprincipals are are the dtermining factor of behavior, regardless of whether they conflict with lawsand rules(Terry, 2006). Based on this theory, the abusive history of this subject has altered hisperceptions in regards to socially accepted morals. Though he realizes what they are, he doesn’tagree with them, thus depends on his own internalized moral reasoning, whether or not it isacccepted by society. According to the Biological Theory, the androgenic process where the level of testosterone inthe testes increase dramatically in males upon reaching puberty and sex drive during this time. Itis believed that testosterone is the primary biological factor responsible for male sexual drive.Hence, in this case the subject experienced conflicting sexual arousal at this stage,which in turncreated imbalanced hormone levels and attributed tohis sexual devience. Furthermore, there is acorrelation between agression and high levels of testosterone. Abnormal hormonal andandrogenic levels in the brain account for pedophiliac tendencies. Researchers have shown thatincreased levels of erotic activity coresponds to increased levels of testosterone. Bancroft (1978)states there is implication that hormone levels are affected by erotic stimulus(Terry, 2006). Isurmise this was a contributing factor of this subject’s psychopathy. 16
  17. 17. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation The Feminist Theory speculates that rape is a means of control and domination over womenfrom a cultural, political and historical perspective. Child molestors however, express sexualentitlement over children, as in this case. Pedophiles tend to be narcissistic and insensitive to theharm they cause their victims. They also demonstrate “sexually specific attitudes” observed inmale rapists who discriminate against adult females (Terry, 2006). The Attachment Theory postulates that as human beings we have the innate tendency to formemotionally bonding relationships and that the lack there of during stages of development caninhibit an individual’s ability to form meaningful relationships with age-appropriate mates. Thiscritically applies during adolescence as they develop sexuality and social competence. Researchindicates sexual offenders had an attachment deficiency in childhood which hindered their abilityto form meaningful relationships in adulthood. In support of this theory and of the fourcategories, this subject predominantly exhibits a dissmissing, insecure attachment style. He has anegative concept of others yet a positive self- concept and high level of self- confidence. Hischildhood deprived him of any strong social bond, thus interfering with positive emotions meantto be associated with sexuality(Terry, 2006). The fact that he targets children seems to indicatehis sexual comfort zone idled in adolescence rather than properly developed into adulthood. Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Theories assert an individual’s thoughts govern theiractions and as such, justify theirs and others’ actions through cognitive distortions. It is furthernoted that offenders divert blame from themselves toward their victims or environment.Retrospectivly, this subject developed in a misperceiving environment which would elucidate hismalformed thinking. Within this perspective, sexual deviant behavior itself is deemed asymptom of a treatable disorder through behavioral therapy(Terry, 2006). I assert in thissubject’s case however, that this prospect is possible but not probable. 17
  18. 18. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluation The premise Psychosocial Theories purportthat external factors and the parallel betweensociological and psychological variations affect sexual behavior, hence deviance is attributed tomisplaced socialization. Rapists correlate violence with sexual gratification, as does this subject,which began in childhood during recurrent physical abuse and supports this theory as well. Hisdifficulty maintaining agemate relationships is also indicative of external factors that altered hissexual preference. Within this concept, the “cycle of abuse” theory is inconclusive as the singleorigin of sexual offending behavior and is intended to accompany other factors(Terry, 2006). The most comprehensive theory encompasses all of the ones discussed, which are taylored tooffenders on an individual basis. The Integrated Theory is one I support and would deffinatelyapply to this subject. It is further indicated that experiences in childhood relationships have amodeling effect for the formation of adult ones(Terry, 2006). The modeling as it applies to thissubject was violent, which accounts for his abusive relations with children. It is posited that childhood head trauma, particularly involving the frontal lobe of the brain,accounts for a large percentage of precipitating factors that cause violent behavior. This area ofthe brain is considered to control social behavior. Research has shown that individuals who hadnormal personalities prior to this type of trauma developed abnormal social conduct andinadequate decision-making and planning skills. A recent study indicates 20 out of 31 confessedkillers are diagnosed with mental illness, 64% of whom suffered frontal lobeabnormalities(Rutigliano, 2008). I postulate that this was a contributing factor in this subject’sviolent actions.MOTIVE: When asked what motivated this subject to kill he replied,”passion” as he alluded to achildhood memory witnessing some boys lighting a horses tail on fire and watching it try to runto escape the flames. He expounded that it was the fire that fed his passion. This is indicatvie of 18
  19. 19. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationpyromania and could also explain why he would put cotton balls doused with alcohol into hisrectum and light fire to them. It appears credible that his “passion” directs to pain andsuffering(Flynn, 2007). In order to possibly ascertain this subject’s motive for cannibalism let us consider historicalones. Ancient tribes in Australia would eat their defeated enemies believing they would gaintheir strength, knowledge, courage, power and bravery(Nosotro, 2010). Biblical accounts ofsacrifice were made in order to demonstrate obedience to God. In the case of serial murdererJeffrey Dahmer, his motive was driven by wanting to make his victims a part of him, who couldnever leave. I speculate that this subject cannibalized some of his victims due to abandonmentissues, and like Dahmer, wanted his victims to be with him forever. There is one observed flaw in his confession that he used pain and suffering as an expressionof love by means of absolving his victims of sin, as instructed by his halucinations. I pose thequestion, why then did he not “absolve” his own children whom he loved so much? One of thedisadvantages evaluating violent offenders, relying greatly on a deceptive individual, is whethertheir accounts are credible. No other descrepancies were noted.TREATMENT: Release of a seral killer back into society through means of rehabilitation while in prison is avastly controversial issue. Forensic Psychologist Dr Keith Ashcroft says that "extreme cautionmust be exercised when making any decisions on serial murderers being freed. The majority ofserial sexual homicide offenders will be diagnosed as having psychopathic personality disorder,which the vast majority of clinicians would view as being problematic in terms of treatment.Suchpsychopaths are extremely good at manipulating prison staff, as well as mental health 19
  20. 20. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationprofessionals, and over time they can eventually be perceived as being cured and ready forreintroduction into society” (Brown, 2009). Prison Psychiatrist Consultant, Dr. Bob Johnson argues, "their motivation is always the same.Its a rage carried on through from childhood. If you brutalise children you get brutal adults. It asif they have never moved on from the age they were at that time.Theyre in a kindergarten cage.Once you remove the cause for their actions you remove the stress and they begin to behave likesecure civilised adult"(Brown, 2009). Given thisdeliberation, though historically there has been no evidence of successfulrehabilitation of serial killers, that is not to say that it is impossible. That being said, if thissubject were to receive treatment, I would recommend the following. Psychotropicpharmeseudicals for treatment of schizophrenia and other personality disorders. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy would also be indicated, proposing to restructure this subject’s thoughtprocess and behavioral skills, combined with Psychodynamic Therapy through hypnosis,attempting to reintegrate abusive memories and displace subject’s negative conceptions withconducive reactive reasoning. The success of this multi-therapeutic approach would most likelybe remote given the fifty year duration of this offender, however this methodology could bevaluable in attempting to rehabilitate juvenile offenders. The more theoretical premise we can apply to an individual abusedchild, the more likely wecan intervene predictable conclusions in order to circumvent the inevitable outcome. Byreintegrating the child through psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral therapy, it is veryplausible to restructure their transition into adulthood that would have otherwise been a violentone. While recognizing victims of child abuse is beyond the scope of this evaluation, I contend 20
  21. 21. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationthat by doing so, we as a society would make better use of our resources attempting to preventthe circumstances and eliminate the factors responsible for manifesting such violent behavior,rather than try to remedy the problem after the damage has been done.CONCLUSION: In theory we come to have a better understanding of what drove Mr. Albert Fish to suchhorrendous behavior. Given that he was able to escape detection for over 50 years, the escalationand intensity of his social deviance reached levels far exceeding all other violent criminals. Hadthey not been apprehended by authorities, it is speculated that they too would reach the degree ofpsychpathy observed in Mr.Fish. Historically, rehabilitation of extremly violent criminals is moot. Intervention is the bestprevention. It is hypothesized that serial killers spawn at a very young age and that by removingthe individual from their precipitating environment, it it less likely they will transform into aviolent killer in adulthood. I conclude that all of the research directed at the aftermath of violent offenders of thismagnitude, should now shift to researching what types of interventions are successful. Moremoney and lives would be saved. More importantly, young children will get the therapy they 21
  22. 22. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological Evaluationneed in order to become productive members of society, and be given the chance to have ameaningful life, as I believe Mr. Albert Fish could have.REFERENCES:List of Paraphilias. (2009, Nov 21). Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from Anthrocivitas : http://anthrocivitas.net/forum/showthread.php?t=1067Albert Fish. (2010). Retrieved Mar 21, 2012, from Digits.com: http://www.carpenoctem.tv/killers/fish.htmlAlbert H. Fish. (n.d.). Retrieved Mar 22, 2012, from All Things Horror: http://allthingshorror.tripod.com/fish.htmlArticles/Biographies/Criminals/Fish, Albert. (n.d.). Retrieved Mar 19, 2012, from The Free Information Society: http://www.freeinfosociety.com/article.php?id=195Association, A. P. (2000). Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders- DSM IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Association, A. P. (2010, Oct 14). Sexual Masochism Disorder. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from DSM-5/ U 04 Sexual Masochism Disorder: http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=187Association, A. P. (2010, Oct 14). U 05 Sexual Sadism Disorder. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from DSM-5/U 05 Sexual Sadosm Disorder: http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=188Association, A. P. (2011, Nov 18). U 03 Pedophilic Disorder. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from APA DSM-5/U 03 Pedophilic Disorder: http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=186Borowski, J. (Director). (2007). Albert Fish-In Sin He Found Salvation [Motion Picture]. 22
  23. 23. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationBrown, G. (2009). Can Serial Killers Be Rehabilitated. Retrieved May 01, 2012, from BBS News: http://www.newsbbc.co.uk/2/uk_news/78891143.stCherry, K. (2012). Kohlbergs Theory Of Moral Development. Retrieved Mar 25, 2012, from About.com Psychology: http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/kohlberg.htmCoon, D., & Mitterer, J. (2011). Psychology A Journey. Belmont: Wadsworth.Evans, C. (2002). Albert Fish Trial: 1935. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3498200169.htmlFlynn, S. (Director). (2007). The Gray Man [Motion Picture].Harlow, H. (n.d.). Sadomasochism. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from Psychologist Anywhere Anytime: http://www.psychologyanywhereanytime.com/sexual_problems_psychologistHoward, A., & Smith, M. (2004). River of Blood. Boca Raton: Universal Publishers.Jones, S. (2000, Spring). The Process of Criminal Profiling when Applied to a Serial Killer. Retrieved Mar 19, 2012, from http://www.adherents.com/misc/hsk_CriminalProfiling.htmlMontaldo, C. (n.d.). Serial Killer Albert Fish. Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from About.com Crime/Punishment: http://crime.about/od/serial/p/albertfish.htmNosotro, R. (2010). A History of Human Sacrifice Cannibalism. Retrieved Mar 31, 2012, from Hyper History: http://www.hyperhistory.netPedophilia and Psychological Profiling. (n.d.). Retrieved Mar 16, 2012, from http://www.csbsju.edu/uspp/CrimPsych/CPSG-6.htmRawlins. (2003). Albert Fish Trial and Execution. Retrieved Mar 23, 2012, from The Life of a Caaibal: http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/spring03/rawlins/fishtrial.htmRawlins. (2003). Albert Fish Victims. Retrieved Mar 23, 20vict.htm12, from The Life of a Cannibal: http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/spring03/rawlins/fishRutigliano, A. (2008, Jan 03). Predestined Serial Killers. Retrieved Mar 19, 2012, from Serendips Exchange: http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1698Scholte, C. (2009, Jan 21). Profile of a Killer Based on Albert Fish. Retrieved Mar 19, 2012, from Profile of a Killer Example: http://www.slideshare.net/cscholte12/profile-of-a-killer-exampleSerial Killer Law & Legal Definition. (n.d.). Retrieved Mar 23, 2012, from USLegal Home Legal TopicsUSLegal Sites: http://definitions.uslegal.com/s/serial-killerStevens, S. (n.d.). Murder. Retrieved Mar 22, 2012, from Serial Killers: http://serialkilling.tumblr.comSubtypes and Typologies. (n.d.). Retrieved Mar 21, 2012, from The Etiology of Sexual Offending Behavior and Sex Offender Typology: An Overview: http://www.csom.org/train/etiology/4/4_1.htm 23
  24. 24. Kelly-“Vampire of Brooklyn”-Psychological EvaluationTaylor, R. (2004). Dead Men Do Tell Tales. Retrieved Mar 22, 2012, from Albert Fish: http://www.prarieghosts.com/fish.htmlTerry, K. (2006). Sexual Offenses and Offenders. Belmont: Wadsworth.Turvey, B. M. (1998, Mar 02). Typologies. Retrieved Mar 21, 2012, from Corpus-Delecti: http://www.corpus-delecti.com/typologies.htmlVictims of Violence Organization. (2011, Feb 16). Research-Serial Killers. Retrieved Sep 09, 2011, from Victims of Violence: http://www.victimsofviolence.onca/rev2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id= 24

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