Day1 keynote daffyd_davis

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Day1 keynote daffyd_davis

  1. 1. Strategic Trail Planning and Design Dafydd Davis © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  2. 2. Why develop trails? <ul><li>Improving access to the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Improving quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Creating assets for communities </li></ul><ul><li>Creating tourism products </li></ul><ul><li>Creating opportunities for active recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Managing recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Managing liability </li></ul><ul><li>Managing conflict </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  3. 3. What are the risks of developing trails? <ul><li>Increased liability </li></ul><ul><li>Increased business risk </li></ul><ul><li>Increased management costs </li></ul><ul><li>increased maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  4. 4. Minimising the risks <ul><li>Ensure best practice in planning, designing and building trails </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure best practice in management and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure trails meet needs/expectations of market </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure trails meet needs/expectations of managers/stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure trails are an asset not a liability </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  5. 5. What makes a trail a liability? <ul><li>Intensive management </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Bad experience for users </li></ul><ul><li>If it devalues places </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  6. 6. <ul><li>What makes a trail an asset? </li></ul><ul><li>Meet needs/expectations of landowners/managers and stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Meet needs/expectations of intended market </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise or manage key issues </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  7. 7. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN WHAT ARE THE KEY ISSUES? <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Liability </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance and management </li></ul>Sustainable trails manage liability and minimise maintenance and management requirements © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  8. 8. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN What are sustainable trails <ul><li>Trails that do not impact negatively on land use </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that do not have negative physical or visual impact </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that resolve, not create management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that resolve, not create maintenance issues </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that have longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that add value </li></ul><ul><li>Trails that do not devalue </li></ul><ul><li>Trail that are an asset </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  9. 9. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN Sustainable trails should not impact negatively on land use and land use should not impact negatively on trails <ul><li>Forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul>Trails should be planned and designed to work around land use © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  10. 10. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN Low impact trails can add value to landscapes – high impact rails devalue landscapes and create management and maintenance issues <ul><li>Erosion, runoff, pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Scaring </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Poor experience for trail users </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and liability </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  11. 11. Management - sustainable trails should <ul><li>Help manage Interface between trail users and land use </li></ul><ul><li>Help manage the safety of trail users </li></ul><ul><li>Help manage the impact of trail users on trails </li></ul><ul><li>Help manage the impact of trail users on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Manage how trails are used and by whom </li></ul><ul><li>Manage business risk </li></ul><ul><li>Manage liability </li></ul><ul><li>Manage expenditure </li></ul>Sustainable trails address these issues and do not exacerbate them STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  12. 12. DELIVERING SUSTAINABLE TRAILS STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>Develop a clear frame of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out strategic trail planning </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out careful and detailed trail design </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure effective consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Develop prescriptive trail construction plans </li></ul><ul><li>Apply rigorous trail construction and maintenance standards </li></ul><ul><li>Put the right trails in the right places </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  13. 13. <ul><li>Scope and scale </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Market </li></ul><ul><li>Product </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul>FRAMES OF REFERENCE STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  14. 14. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>SCOPE AND SCALE </li></ul><ul><li>How big or how small </li></ul><ul><li>Local, regional or national </li></ul><ul><li>How many sites or potential sites </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  15. 15. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Managing existing use </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting existing demand </li></ul><ul><li>Minimising or reducing business risk </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a tourism asset </li></ul><ul><li>Business opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Benefiting communities </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  16. 16. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>MARKETS </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the trails for (users groups, segments etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Single use </li></ul><ul><li>Multi use </li></ul><ul><li>Local, regional or national markets </li></ul><ul><li>Social trails or commercial facility </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  17. 17. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>PRODUCT </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of trails </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to markets and objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Social trails or commercial facility </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  18. 18. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>STANDARDS </li></ul><ul><li>Planning standards </li></ul><ul><li>Design standards </li></ul><ul><li>Construction standards </li></ul><ul><li>All standards should be clear and serve as benchmark </li></ul><ul><li>Standards should be applied consistently </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  19. 19. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>DELIVERY </li></ul><ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  20. 20. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Who will manage the project </li></ul><ul><li>Who will manage the trails </li></ul><ul><li>How will the trails be managed </li></ul><ul><li>Where will resources come from </li></ul><ul><li>Income recovery? </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  21. 21. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN FRAMES OF REFERENCE <ul><li>BUDGET </li></ul><ul><li>How big </li></ul><ul><li>How small </li></ul><ul><li>Where is it coming from </li></ul><ul><li>Are there strings attached </li></ul><ul><li>Is it realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Does it fit with objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Does it fit with size and scope </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  22. 22. WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DON’T …. <ul><li>HAVE A CLEAR FRAME OF REFERENCE </li></ul><ul><li>Size and scope can be inappropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives can be missed </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate products </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate sites </li></ul><ul><li>Costs can spiral </li></ul><ul><li>Increased management and maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Developments can create more problems that they solve </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  23. 23. The planning, design and construction process <ul><li>Site assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Concept plan development </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Prescriptive plan development </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN All should be carried out in the context of the frame of reference © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  24. 24. SITE SELECTION AND ASSESSMENT <ul><li>Sites should be assessed against clear criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria established in consultation with partners </li></ul><ul><li>Frame of reference help set criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Get the right trails in the right place </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN
  25. 25. CONCEPT PLAN DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Identifies trailheads </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies potential corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Assesses corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed consultation document </li></ul><ul><li>Can be chopped and changed (up to a point) </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN All should be carried out in the context of the frame of reference © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  26. 26. CONCEPT PLAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>Corridor Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies purpose of corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic value of the corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Ground conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Topography </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Potential trail management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Potential construction methods </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation measures </li></ul><ul><li>Outline costs </li></ul><ul><li>Formal consultation </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  27. 27. PRESCRIPTIVE PLANS <ul><li>Follows approval of concept plans and corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Each component of construction </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribes standards </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate costing </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a framework for tendering </li></ul><ul><li>Provides one final tier of consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Control and monitoring measures </li></ul><ul><li>Provides evidence of best practice </li></ul>STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  28. 28. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>PRESCRIPTIVE PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Defines exact line of trail on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed plotting of trail on the ground within agreed corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Working within constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Working to principles of sustainable trail construction </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  29. 29. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN TRAIL CONSTRUCTION All trail design and planning should be carried out in the context of the frame of reference and the highest trail construction standards Construction specifications and standards must be agreed when developing frame of reference Standards must be consistently applied © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  30. 30. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN TRAIL CONSTRUCTION Prescriptive plans provide clear standards Prescriptive plans essential in the application of standards Contracts/agreements must be tied in to prescriptive plans Delivery method has to be set by frame of reference © Trails by Dafydd Davis
  31. 31. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>IN CLONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a clear frame of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Be very clear about what you want to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Treat frame of reference as your ‘Bible’ </li></ul><ul><li>Have robust effective planning systems </li></ul><ul><li>Set clear standards of design and construction </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, planning, planning </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation, consultation, consultation </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  32. 32. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>IN CLONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>What if you don’t? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risks </li></ul><ul><li>Higher development costs </li></ul><ul><li>Higher management cots </li></ul><ul><li>Higher maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong trails in the wrong places </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis
  33. 33. STRATEGIC TRAIL PLANNING AND DESIGN <ul><li>IN CLONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>What if you do? </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced risk </li></ul><ul><li>Better use of resources and/or budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Right trails in the right places </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable trails </li></ul>© Trails by Dafydd Davis

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