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Top500 SC17 invited talk

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Slides of the TOP500 invited talk at SC17 in Denver

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Top500 SC17 invited talk

  1. 1. TOP500 - 25 Years - 50 Editions SC17 November 14 2017 Erich Strohmaier Berkeley Lab
  2. 2. Mannheimer Supercomputer Statistics • Hans Meuer started the Mannheimer Supercomputer Seminar (precursor to ISC) in 1986 • He presented installation counts of Supercomputers (Vector- computers) to quantify the market size for this type of system • Counting Vector-computer sales from only a few vendors of large systems was sufficient (Cray/CDC/Fujitsu/Hitachi/NEC) • Worked reasonable well in the 1980s TOP500 Roots – Early Surveys
  3. 3. Mannheim Supercomputer Statistics 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 NEC Hitachi Fujitsu CDC Cray
  4. 4. • A lot of new vendors introduced new systems at various sizes – and wanted to be counted • Entry level models were questionable to be counted • Supercomputing market was no longer vertically separated from the ‘rest’ of the computing market • Endless discussions what was a ‘true’ supercomputer • A new definition for ‘Supercomputer’ was needed • Preferable a definition which adapted itself over time • No static threshold • And one which separated actual functional systems from concepts • 2 Years of exploring different concepts TOP500 Roots – End of 1980s
  5. 5. Mannheim Supercomputer Statistics (Large) Vector Systems Installed 187 235 300 404 413 447 530 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1986-1992: 19% annual market growth
  6. 6. Take the largest 500 installed! • Use Linpack as measure • Simplistic, but widely available and • You needed a functioning system to run it! • Self-adapting over time • And we knew, we had 500! TOP500 Roots – End of 1980s
  7. 7. • After first list we settled on publishing twice a year • ISC’xy in June in Germany • SCxy in November in the U.S. • At the second list we realized that trends over time was the most interesting aspect of our data collection • TOP500 is inventory based • Works well if turn-over is high • All information available from the TOP500 web site at: www.top500.org TOP500
  8. 8. Performance Development 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 59.7 GFlop/s 422 MFlop/s 1.17 TFlop/s 93 PFlop/s 549 TFlop/s 845 PFlop/s SUM N=1 N=500 1 Gflop/s 1 Tflop/s 100 Mflop/s 100 Gflop/s 100 Tflop/s 10 Gflop/s 10 Tflop/s 1 Pflop/s 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s 1 Eflop/s Hear more about this and the latest data at our BoF following at 5:15pm.
  9. 9. How do we integrate/aggregate over time/editions? • System counts are focused on the low end • Moore’s Law overpowers everything performance based • Normalize each list by average performance • HPL not Peak • Average performance not max (#1) or min • Add up contributions from various lists over time • Each full lists contributed a total of 500 • 50 lists together have a total weight of 25,000 25 Years – 50 Editions
  10. 10. 1.0E-02 1.0E-01 1.0E+00 1.0E+01 1.0E+02 1.0E+03 1.0E+04 1.0E+05 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Sunway TaihuLight Tianhe-2 Titan Sequoia K computer Tianhe-1A Jaguar Roadrunner BlueGene/L Earth-Simulator ASCI White ASCI Red CP-PACS/2048 SR2201/1024 XP/S140 Numerical Wind Tunnel CM-5/1024 No. 1’s – HPL R_max 1 Tflop/s 100 Gflop/s 100 Tflop/s 10 Gflop/s 10 Tflop/s 1 Pflop/s 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s
  11. 11. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Sunway TaihuLight Tianhe-2 Titan Sequoia K computer Tianhe-1A Jaguar Roadrunner BlueGene/L Earth-Simulator ASCI White ASCI Red CP-PACS/2048 SR2201/1024 XP/S140 Numerical Wind Tunnel CM-5/1024 HPL compared to Average System = Norm-HPL
  12. 12. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Sunway TaihuLight Tianhe-2 Titan Sequoia K computer Tianhe-1A Jaguar Roadrunner BlueGene/L Earth-Simulator ASCI White ASCI Red CP-PACS/2048 SR2201/1024 XP/S140 Numerical Wind Tunnel CM-5/1024 # 1’s – Accumulated Norm-HPL
  13. 13. # Site Country Norm-HPL 1 LLNL USA 1,466 2 LANL USA 810 3 ORNL USA 737 4 SNL USA 652 5 NSCC Guangzhou China 449 6 RIKEN AICS Japan 354 7 NASA/Ames USA 352 8 FZ Jülich Germany 333 9 JAMSTEC Japan 325 10 NERSC USA 303 11 ANL USA 298 Dominant Sites
  14. 14. # Site Country Norm-HPL 1 LLNL USA 1,466 2 LANL USA 810 3 ORNL USA 737 4 SNL USA 652 5 NSCC Guangzhou China 449 6 RIKEN AICS Japan 354 7 NASA/Ames USA 352 8 FZ Jülich Germany 333 9 JAMSTEC Japan 325 10 NERSC USA 303 11 ANL USA 298 Dominant Sites
  15. 15. # Site Country Σ Norm-HPL 1 LLNL USA 1,466 2 LANL USA 810 3 ORNL USA 737 4 SNL USA 652 5 NSCC Guangzhou China 449 6 RIKEN AICS Japan 354 7 NASA/Ames USA 352 8 FZ Jülich Germany 333 9 JAMSTEC Japan 325 10 NERSC USA 303 11 ANL USA 298 Dominant Sites
  16. 16. # Site Country Norm-HPL 1 LLNL USA 1,466 2 LANL USA 810 3 ORNL USA 737 4 SNL USA 652 5 NSCC Guangzhou China 449 6 RIKEN AICS Japan 354 7 NASA/Ames USA 352 8 FZ Jülich Germany 333 9 JAMSTEC Japan 325 10 NERSC USA 303 11 ANL USA 298 Dominant Sites
  17. 17. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 LLNL LANL ORNL SNL Sites – Accumulated Norm-HPL
  18. 18. Countries # Country Norm-HPL 1 United States 13,258 2 Japan 3,377 3 China 1,740 4 Germany 1,686 5 United Kingdom 1,253 6 France 866 7 Switzerland 287 8 Canada 265 9 Italy 263 10 South Korea 224
  19. 19. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 United States Japan China Germany United Kingdom France Countries – Norm-HPL
  20. 20. System Design # Country Norm-HPL 1 MPP non-intel 11,962 2 MPP intel based 7,618 3 Vector 3,103 4 NVIDIA GPU 1147 5 Intel Xeon Phi 792 6 Other Accelerator 274 7 SIMD 103
  21. 21. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 MPP non-intel MPP intel Vector Accelerator NVIDIA Intel Phi System Designs – Norm-HPL

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