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Written Language and Technology Supports


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Supporting students with writing difficulties
Free tech tools to support writing

Published in: Education, Technology
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Written Language and Technology Supports

  1. 1. Written Expression and Technology Dr. Cheryl Wissick, University of South Carolina
  2. 2. Why technology in writing? <ul><li>Teach skills </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on accommodations </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Multiple means of expression for UDL </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate technology into the process of writing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals <ul><li>Present aspects of technology integration with written language </li></ul><ul><li>Present free tools </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce top names in tools </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate ways to integrate wp & integrate tools </li></ul><ul><li>Show programs and apps for young children or students with developmental disabilities </li></ul>
  4. 4. R esponse to I ntervention <ul><li>Provide Universal Intervention using Free Web Tools </li></ul>MultiTier Instruction
  5. 5. Writing Characteristics of Students : Mild & Developmental Disabilities <ul><li>Disorganized </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>High frustration level </li></ul><ul><li>Low motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Unaware of strategies </li></ul>( Anderson-Inman, 1999; Bridges, 1996; Okolo, 2000; Strum & Rankin, 1997; Zhang, 2000)
  6. 6. Word Processing <ul><li>How or why do you train students to use word processing? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the effects of keyboarding? </li></ul><ul><li>What about alternative keyboards? </li></ul><ul><li>What are advantages of word prediction? </li></ul><ul><li>Can prompted writing help? </li></ul><ul><li>What other strategies can be used to assist students with written language? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technology can provide <ul><li>AutoSummarize </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizer </li></ul><ul><li>Special word tools </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Representation of material </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation for weaknesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handwriting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organization </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ways to evaluate effectiveness: <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Rate </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Written Expression & Technology <ul><li>Keyboards & Input Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Transcription </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text to speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Prediction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas for using Word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Strategies & Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital StoryTelling </li></ul>
  10. 10. Keyboards <ul><li>Kids Key </li></ul><ul><li>Mini Keyboard </li></ul>
  11. 11. New Standard Keyboard
  12. 12. Intellikeys Keyboard <ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ergonomic Keyboards <ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. TouchScreen <ul><li>Use with onscreen keyboard </li></ul>
  15. 15. Whiteboards <ul><li>Smart Table for collaborative work </li></ul>
  16. 16. Transcription <ul><li>Keyboarding vs. writing </li></ul><ul><li>Students need to be taught keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>When students start quantity goes down </li></ul><ul><li>The process of word processing must be considered as part of the writing process and explicitly taught. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Keyboarding Resources <ul><li>Diana King Method Keyboarding </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboarding research & resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crews Middle School Keyboarding </li></ul>
  18. 18. Can you read this?
  19. 19. Effectiveness of spell check <ul><li>Baseline: 67% accuracy 34 errors in 103 words </li></ul><ul><li>Word processor: accuracy 72% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labeled 27 of 34 words as incorrect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identified correct spelling for ONLY 5 words </li></ul></ul>bick ( bike ) sidew ( sideway ) tok ( took -1 ) ovr ( over -1 ) oupn ( open - 1 )
  20. 20. Effectiveness of text to speech feedback and word processor <ul><li>Two additional words were identified </li></ul><ul><li>grndepants (grandparents) afer (over) </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy: 74% </li></ul>
  21. 21. Text to Speech feedback <ul><li>ReadPlease </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Reader </li></ul><ul><li>See Webtoolbox wiki for more: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  22. 22. Special Spelling Tools <ul><li>Ghotit </li></ul><ul><li>Ginger (14 day trial) </li></ul>
  23. 23. All in one-- Word processors <ul><li>WYNN by Freedom Scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Read and Write Gold by TextHelp </li></ul><ul><li>Kurzweil 3000 by Kurzweil </li></ul><ul><li>Write Outloud by Don Johnston </li></ul><ul><li>eReader by CAST </li></ul><ul><li>Intellitalk by Intellitools </li></ul>
  24. 24. Word Prediction <ul><li>Most of us use word prediction daily… </li></ul><ul><li>Misconceptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User does not have to choose one of the words so it does not effect the choice of words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not always provide a correct word and students can override the dictionary so the dictionary fills with misspelled words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accommodation or Modification? </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Effectiveness of word prediction <ul><li>Using 5 guesses in the word prediction window, 83% accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>I went to my grandparents and me and my brother got to go swimming. And arved day we ride bikes. We went to the fille and we drit stir . And we went out to rat privy . And at chene we open pitt. The next day I was on my bike and I was riding and my bike got cart and rar ovr sideways and almost got ran afer by a car. But probably tide. And then we went back home. Once we got home we got to ump prinst . And we got lint lamps. And me and my brother took the crd out. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Word prediction observations <ul><li>Disadvantage of moving from correct keyboarding to the number or mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Typing faster than words are predicted </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to type the </li></ul><ul><li>whole word even </li></ul><ul><li>when it appeared </li></ul><ul><li>in the list. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Word Prediction Tools <ul><li>Programs integrate with others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WordQ works with Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write Outloud by Don Johnston </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated Systems: Word processor, web reader, dictionary, word prediction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellitalk by Intellitools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WYNN by Freedom Scientific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read and Write Gold by TextHelp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kurzweil 3000 by Kurzweil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free demos or 30 day trial </li></ul>
  28. 28. FREE Writing Support <ul><li>Click n Type </li></ul><ul><li>Free onscreen keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Word prediction </li></ul>Wissick, 2007
  29. 29. Voice Recognition <ul><li>Conversion of speech to text </li></ul><ul><li>Built into operating system to control computer (Windows 7 and Mac OSX) </li></ul><ul><li>Dragon Naturally Speaking (most well known and used) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider 10 hours of training time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider reading level to train originally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Word Web <ul><li>Help with vocabulary for writing </li></ul>
  31. 31. Idea Generator & Word count <ul><li>Idea Generator </li></ul><ul><li>Word Analyzer </li></ul>
  32. 32. Teaching Activities <ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare activities that will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaffold the writing process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate with other activities, standards and content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow students to practice using a feature in the w.p. while practicing writing or language skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copy/cut/paste or move text </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Editing skills instead of rewriting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formatting skills </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Essentially a visual, or graphic, representation of the organization of information or of a story <ul><li>prewriting tool or planning tool </li></ul><ul><li>assess prior knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>organize ideas & blend information into written product </li></ul><ul><li>visualize how new information fits into existing frames </li></ul><ul><li>encourage students to make predictions </li></ul><ul><li>move from a part to a whole </li></ul><ul><li>provide a visual organization for ideas </li></ul><ul><li>visualize the relationships between words & ideas </li></ul>
  34. 34. Prewriting Using Inspiration Expansion
  35. 35. Graphic & Outline <ul><li>Things I did on summer vacation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I when to camp for two weeks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We rode horses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>we went on overnight hiking trips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I learned to swim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>went to stay at my grandma's house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I visited my cousins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I helped my grandma plant her flowers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grandma made all my favorite foods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>family trip to the beach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>we found lots of sea shells on the beach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I met my new best friend at the beach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One day there were some dead fish on the beach </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Results & Observations <ul><li>Increased quality up to 24% </li></ul><ul><li>Increased quantity up to 57% </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes about Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less resistance to writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less negative comments and behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer Usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of Keyboarding skills apparent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboarding much improved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers incentive for many </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More planning observed except during testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about helpfulness of planning </li></ul></ul>Blair, 2003
  37. 37. Visual thinking <ul><li>Inspiration 30 day </li></ul><ul><li>Kidspiration 30 day </li></ul><ul><li>Cmap </li></ul><ul><li>Freemind </li></ul><ul><li>Spark Space </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Organizer </li></ul><ul><li>ReadWriteThink </li></ul>
  38. 38. Collaborative Organizers <ul><li>Mindmeister </li></ul><ul><li>MyWebspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Thinkgraph </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Creately </li></ul>
  39. 39. Writing <ul><li>Structure the process of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Free writing </li></ul><ul><li>Spark an interest in topic </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to be effective: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate the technology into the writing process. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Word Processing Activities <ul><li>Use cut and paste to sequence the sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eating lunch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We went back home. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We went to Subway. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We ordered one big sub. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We picked our topping. </li></ul></ul></ul>Language Skills: Reading and Sequencing, Computer skill: cut/paste or move
  41. 41. Word Processing Activities Skill: Matching & moving pictures in a document <ul><li>UDL Alternatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Students can use scissors to cut and paste images. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can work with a peer. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can use a touch screen </li></ul>
  42. 42. Activities can reinforce facts. <ul><li>Objective: To redo the group of two sentences to create one sentence use copy, cut and paste. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter our blood. </li></ul>7th grade science Language activity supports science learning.
  43. 43. Activities can reinforce facts. <ul><li>Possible sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste in our blood. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste as they filter our blood. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter our blood and get our waste. </li></ul>7th grade science
  44. 44. Practice one skill at a time <ul><li>Use the word processor to insert the correct punctuation and capitalization for this paragraph. </li></ul>it was a dark and stormy night the wind was blowing very hard the rain started to come through the windows and through the cracks in the roof we put pans under the drops we sat in the center of the room to keep warm we could not keep a fire going that night
  45. 45. Review & practice a new skill <ul><li>Change this paragraph from a gloomy mood to a happy mood by using opposites for certain words. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a dark and stormy night. The wind was blowing very hard . The rain started to come through the windows and through the cracks in the roof. We put pans under the drops . We sat in the center of the room to keep warm . We could not keep a fire going that night . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For some students have certain words underlined. </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Using Text to Speech & Assessment <ul><li>Use for testing & individualized assessment- example of a test for a unit on matter </li></ul>
  47. 47. What other activities <ul><li>Word study: antonyms, synonyms, </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing complete story </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing words in a sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Sorting (ex: Fact vs. opinion) </li></ul><ul><li>Matching word with meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing: Similarities / differences </li></ul>
  48. 48. Research and Writing W I K I P E D I A
  49. 49. <ul><li>Scroll down languages to Simple English </li></ul>
  50. 51. Autosummarize Demo Demonstration of Autosummarize In Word 2007, add autosummarize to the Ribbon
  51. 52. Guided research on the web Strategy Tutor:
  52. 53. CAST: Science Writer
  53. 54. <ul><li>Note Star learn to take notes for research </li></ul><ul><li>Persuade Star guide to write persuasively </li></ul><ul><li>Track Star  </li></ul>Tools to support writing and research
  54. 55. ReadWriteThink <ul><li>Writing and Publishing Prose </li></ul><ul><li>Search by topic, grade, or skill. </li></ul><ul><li>Guided work </li></ul>
  55. 56. ReadWriteThink
  56. 57. ReadWriteThink
  57. 58. <ul><li>PBWorks </li></ul><ul><li>Wikispaces </li></ul><ul><li>Zoho wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Google Sites </li></ul><ul><li>TIGed </li></ul><ul><li>Haiku </li></ul><ul><li>Blogger </li></ul><ul><li>Edublogs </li></ul>
  58. 59. Wiki Vs. Blog <ul><li>Create secure environment for students to write, express and critique </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with other student: vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how to provide feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Post an article, have students edit </li></ul>
  59. 60. Digital Story Telling <ul><li>digital story A short, first person video narrative created by combining recorded voice, still and moving images, and music or other sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>Animation </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and Voice presentations </li></ul>
  60. 61. Bookbuilder by CAST <ul><li>Create books with multiple supports </li></ul>
  61. 62. Voicethread
  62. 63. Digital Storytelling Resources <ul><li>DoInk collaborate on custom drawings </li></ul><ul><li>ToonDoo Cartoon Strip Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Storybird short visual stories </li></ul><ul><li>KerPoof doodling and movies </li></ul><ul><li>Prezi Present and splash </li></ul><ul><li>Glogster Poster yourself </li></ul>
  63. 65. <ul><li>Wordle </li></ul><ul><li>Spell with Flicker </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Text </li></ul>
  64. 66. <ul><li>FLICKr share photos </li></ul><ul><li>FlipVideo create video to add to stories </li></ul><ul><li>Audacity for podcasts and audio recordings </li></ul><ul><li>JING easy screen capture </li></ul><ul><li>Want a Jing demo? </li></ul>
  65. 67. Rebus Writing <ul><li>Young Children </li></ul><ul><li>Students with autism </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures – rebus writing </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link objects to photos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link photos to pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link pictures to symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link symbols to words </li></ul></ul>
  66. 68. Writing with Symbols <ul><li>Talking word processor </li></ul><ul><li>Rebus writing </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Writing or Aug com Activity </li></ul>
  67. 69. Symbol World <ul><li> </li></ul>
  68. 70. Askability <ul><li> </li></ul>
  69. 71. Want More… <ul><li>Thinkfinity </li></ul><ul><li>PBS </li></ul><ul><li>BBC </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery School </li></ul><ul><li>National Geographic </li></ul><ul><li>Education World </li></ul>
  70. 72. Final Thoughts <ul><li>Collecting Data </li></ul><ul><li>Graphing with Excel </li></ul><ul><li>Have ideas or resources contact me. </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  71. 73. Behavior Tracker Pro <ul><li>Collect and graph data on behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Add multiple students </li></ul><ul><li>Edit list of behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Output graphs for duration or frequency. </li></ul>
  72. 74. Overboard <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Free trial download </li></ul><ul><li>Free player </li></ul><ul><li>Example templates </li></ul>
  73. 75. Boardmaker <ul><li>Boardmaker & Speaking Dynamically Pro </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  74. 76. Apps for Smartphones <ul><li>Search under: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul></ul>Locabulary – location based vocabulary iReward iCommunicate – picture schedule iConverse
  75. 77. SmallTalk Aphasia
  76. 78. Proloquo2go <ul><li>iPod or iPhone app </li></ul><ul><li>Full featured communication system </li></ul><ul><li>Uses symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Uses VocaSpace vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>By AssistiveWare </li></ul>Video:
  77. 79. <ul><li>iPod or iPhone app </li></ul><ul><li>Visual prompting tool </li></ul><ul><li>Create picture schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Visual countdown timer </li></ul><ul><li>Provide choices </li></ul><ul><li>by Handhold Adaptive </li></ul>Video Tutorial:
  78. 80. Stepstones <ul><li>Visual schedules </li></ul> <ul><li>Task Prompting </li></ul>
  79. 81. Expressionist <ul><li>Teach common expressions in a context. </li></ul> Demo video
  80. 82. HaloTalk <ul><li>Learning system </li></ul><ul><li>Opposites </li></ul>
  81. 83. iPACS <ul><li>Content management system similar to PECS </li></ul><ul><li>Customize 600 pictures </li></ul>
  82. 84. Learn to Talk app
  83. 85. Functional Skills & iPod Touch <ul><li>The Conover Company </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3000 videos </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce functional life, social, math, literacy and work skills </li></ul>