Technology tools to differentiate instruction

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Presentation prepared for the Council for Learning Disabilities Conference October 2007.

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Technology tools to differentiate instruction

  1. 1. Free Technology Tools support Research-Based Practices to Differentiate Instruction Council for Learning Disabilities Conference Presentation October, 2007 Dr. Cheryl Wissick, [email_address] Dr. Jim Gardner, [email_address] Web Toolboxes http://www.ed.sc.edu/caw/toolbox.html
  2. 2. Research & Models
  3. 3. Curriculum Models <ul><li>Pre-planning of the curriculum to evaluate need to provide multiple access points to reduce barriers or confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>What models are research-based? </li></ul>DI UDL UDB di S = Students E = Environment T = Task T = Tools
  4. 4. Big Ideas <ul><li>Concepts & Strategies that facilitate efficient acquisition of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means of engagement by relating ideas to life long learning </li></ul><ul><li>What is essential for all students? </li></ul>See: http://www.cast.org/publications/ncac/ncac_explicit.html
  5. 5. Conspicuous Strategies <ul><li>Approximation of steps to solve complex problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Employers want workers who can problem solve. </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology tools to allow for multiple means of expression and elaborate on strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Example Web math: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webmath.com </li></ul>
  6. 6. Primed Background Knowledge <ul><li>Necessary background knowledge must be taught. </li></ul><ul><li>Use technology tools to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide background knowledge, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>activate inert knowledge, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop fluency for facts. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CBM and other online tools <ul><li>Review of background information </li></ul><ul><li>CBM: progress monitoring </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mediated Scaffolding <ul><li>Guidance, assistance and support a teacher provides to assist the learning to complete the task. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider “naked independence” (Edyburn). What I know or what I can do without a tool </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Enhanced (Edyburn). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What can I do much better with a tool </li></ul></ul>Building a sandcastle: with a shovel or without?
  9. 9. Windows on the Universe
  10. 10. Windows to the Universe http://www.windows.ucar.edu
  11. 11. Judicious Review <ul><li>Review should be </li></ul><ul><li>sufficient for initial learning to occur, </li></ul><ul><li>distributed over time, </li></ul><ul><li>varied for generalizability, and </li></ul><ul><li>cumulative.  </li></ul><ul><li>How much failure data do we need to know that a student cannot do something a particular way (Edyburn). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Web for review & practice
  13. 13. Strategic integration <ul><li>Prior learning is integrated into more complex concepts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>curriculum design that offers the learner an opportunity to successfully integrate several big ideas, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content learned must be applicable to multiple contexts, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potentially confusing concepts and facts should be integrated once mastered </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Collaborative tools <ul><li>Wiki, blogs, Google docs, Mindmeister </li></ul>
  15. 15. READING
  16. 16. Scaffold the reading process <ul><li>Read any pasted text </li></ul><ul><li>Download & Install FREE version on all lab computers for any student to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Increase access to all visual information. </li></ul>READPLEASE http://www.readplease.com
  17. 17. E-Text Reader <ul><li>From: Premier Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.readingmadeez.com/EtextReader.php </li></ul><ul><li>Download is FREE; but to order CD is 49.95 </li></ul><ul><li>The E-Text Reader is a full functioning text reader. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Supports for Reading <ul><li>Reading books online providing multiple means of presentation: </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>Project Gutenberg </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliomania </li></ul><ul><li>Readprint </li></ul><ul><li>Bartleby </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bibliomania Screen Shot
  20. 20. Reading Fluency & Comprehension <ul><li>Repeated and monitored oral reading improves reading fluency and overall reading achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>44% of a representative sample of the nation's fourth graders were low in fluency. </li></ul><ul><li>OKAPI: Use Digital text to create reading fluency prompts </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.interventioncentral.org/htmdocs/tools/okapi/okapi.php </li></ul>Source: http://www.nifl.gov/partnershipforreading/publications/reading_first1fluency.html
  21. 21. OKAPI
  22. 22. <ul><li>Paste text from web page and then create reading probe. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Teacher
  24. 24. Student
  25. 25. Convert Text to Audio Files <ul><li>Convert whole book to audio for mp3 player </li></ul><ul><li>Save highlights from a book or text so student can study main points. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Voice Reader for Windows </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.naturalreaders.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means of presentation </li></ul>
  26. 26. Create your own Books <ul><li>BookBuilder http://bookbuilder.cast.org </li></ul>
  27. 27. PowerPoint Interactive Books <ul><li>Creative Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Books </li></ul><ul><li>Coloring Books </li></ul>
  28. 28. Vocabulary Support <ul><li>1-Click http://www.answers.com </li></ul><ul><li>Download 1-Click Answers TM 2.0 for Windows and then Alt-Click on any word in any program on your screen for an instant, pop-up AnswerTip that won't interrupt your work. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple means of presentation & expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: undemonstrative </li></ul>Mac: Command+Option+G.
  29. 30. WordWeb <ul><li>http://wordweb.info/free/ </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions and synonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Proper nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Related words </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciations </li></ul><ul><li>150 000 root words </li></ul><ul><li>120 000 synonym sets </li></ul><ul><li>Look up words in almost any program </li></ul>
  30. 31. Written Expression
  31. 32. Concept Mapping Tools <ul><li>Cmap tools http://cmap.ihmc.us/ </li></ul>FreeMind http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
  32. 33. Expression: Writing Support <ul><li>Click n Type </li></ul><ul><li>Free onscreen keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Word prediction </li></ul><ul><li>ReadPlease can also support creative writing with auditory feedback </li></ul>
  33. 34. Expression: Read, Write, Think <ul><li>Student Materials </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.readwritethink.org/student_mat/index.asp </li></ul>
  34. 35. Read Write Think <ul><li>Lessons Activity </li></ul>Lesson Plans By Grade Tool
  35. 36. Expression: Writing Support <ul><li>Writing Sample Analyzer </li></ul><ul><li>http://obsidian.sktyler.com/tools/writer/sample.php </li></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste up to 5000 words. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides students with alternative support for their writing </li></ul><ul><li>Have students graph their progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides 3 types analysis. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Obsidian Studios
  37. 38. Idea Generator
  38. 39. Blogs in the Classroom <ul><li>Secure sites to create an environment for students to read, analyze, and post comments related to instructional goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Imbee </li></ul><ul><li>TIGed </li></ul><ul><li>Haiku </li></ul>
  39. 40. Project Poster http://poster.4teachers.org Students create their own web page on their research. Each page can display one pictures, body text and then links with additional information. All the posters could also be linked together from one Web Worksheet . Multiple Means of Expression
  40. 41. Scaffolds using Word <ul><li>Autosummarize </li></ul><ul><li>Tool in MS word </li></ul>
  41. 42. Scaffolds in Writing ACTIVITY 1: Eating lunch Use cut and paste to sequence the sentences: We went back home. We went to Subway. We ordered one big sub. We picked our topping. ACTIVITY 2: Matching
  42. 43. Activities can reinforce facts. <ul><li>Objective: To redo the group of two sentences to create one sentence use copy, cut and paste. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter our blood . </li></ul>7th grade science
  43. 44. Activities can reinforce facts. <ul><li>Possible sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste in our blood. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter out waste as they filter our blood. </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys filter our blood and get our waste . </li></ul>7th grade science
  44. 45. Practice one skill at a time <ul><li>Use the word processor to insert the correct punctuation for this paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>it was a dark and stormy night the wind was blowing very hard the rain started to come through the windows and through the cracks in the roof we put pans under the drops we sat in the center of the room to keep warm we could not keep a fire going that night </li></ul>
  45. 46. Review & practice a new skill <ul><li>Change this paragraph from a gloomy mood to a happy mood by using opposites for certain words. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a dark and stormy night. The wind was blowing very hard . The rain started to come through the windows and through the cracks in the roof. We put pans under the drops . We sat in the center of the room to keep warm . We could not keep a fire going that night . </li></ul><ul><li>For some students have certain words underlined. </li></ul>
  46. 47. On the Job: Facts In what job do you sometimes work outside and have to be careful in stormy weather? You can wear special gloves. You work with wires. You can crawl under houses or up tall poles. You use special cutting tools. PowerPoint Template for report writing
  47. 48. Additional Narrative goes here. what an electrician does and what training they have. This job is called an electrician. On the Job: Facts
  48. 49. Mathematics
  49. 50. Tools for Mathematics <ul><li>Virtual Manipulatives http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/vlibrary.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Shodor Interactivate http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/ </li></ul><ul><li>Webmath - tutorials http://www.webmath.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Allmath - flash cards http://www.allmath.com </li></ul><ul><li>Math.com http://www.math.com </li></ul>
  50. 51. Talking Calculator <ul><li>From: Premier Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.readingmadeez.com/TalkingCalculator.php </li></ul><ul><li>Full functioning talking calculator </li></ul>
  51. 52. Virtual Math Manipulatives
  52. 53. Strategies & Organization
  53. 54. i-Lighter <ul><li>http://www.i-lighter.com/ </li></ul>
  54. 55. Engagement: Kidtools & Kidskills <ul><li>KidTools are planning and monitoring tools to help children gain control over personal behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>KidSkills are planning and organizational tools to help children use learning strategies for success </li></ul>http://kidtools.missouri.edu/
  55. 56. KidSkills
  56. 57. Teaching Core Concepts <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul>TIP: Have students create shows for other student groups. Power Up with PowerPoint The boy is ON the path. Which one shows the boys ON the bench?
  57. 58. Teacher Tools
  58. 59. 4teachers.org <ul><li>Tools for Student expression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Poster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notestar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuade Star </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools for Productivity & management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trackstar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quizstar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubistar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Worksheet Wizard </li></ul></ul>
  59. 60. Web Worksheet Wizard
  60. 61. Organize Websites for student research with Trackstar http: //trackstar .4teachers.org TrackStar
  61. 62. RubiStar http: //rubistar .4teachers.org
  62. 63. PBL Checklists http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/
  63. 64. Trailfire <ul><li>Marking a trail of websites </li></ul><ul><li>Easy creation of a list of sites to make on the fly!! </li></ul>
  64. 65. Forms & Tests <ul><li>Drop Down Boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt drop down </li></ul><ul><li>Watermark Matching </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in the blank </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>http: //iteslj .org/Articles/Tuzi-Tests/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rcps.org/creativeways/index.htm </li></ul>
  65. 66. Teacher Tools <ul><li>UDL Lesson Builder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://lessonbuilder.cast.org </li></ul></ul>
  66. 67. Multiple means of engagement <ul><li>Offer Choices of content, tools and engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Provide adjustable levels of challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Offer a choice of rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Offer a choice of learning context </li></ul>Choose realistic topics of interest to embed the learning material Allow student to choose tools or technology to explore topic- software, web, video Select Software or Web sites that offer same content at different levels of challenge Build awareness of accomplishment and progress within technology programs UDL
  67. 68. Multiple means of presentation <ul><li>Provide Multiple Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight Critical Features </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Multiple Media & Formats </li></ul><ul><li>Support Background Knowledge </li></ul>Variety of web sites to demonstrate, links to support information Pictures from CD-Roms & web Word processors to highlight critical words Presentation tools to animate concepts Books on tape; Digital text Charts, graphs, images to support text UDL
  68. 69. Multiple means of expression <ul><li>Provide Flexible Models of skilled performance </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities to practice with supports </li></ul><ul><li>Provide ongoing, relevant feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Offer flexible opportunities of demonstrating a skill </li></ul>Examples and not-examples with images, video, live or taped demonstrations Scaffold learning with text-to-speech, word prediction, layered Web sites Text-to-speech to listen to own writing Videotape of skill performance Online feedback from peers or mentor Create web pages, poster, presentation UDL
  69. 70. Technology Toolboxes <ul><li>Toolbox: Quickstarts to the Web </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ed.sc.edu/caw/toolbox.html </li></ul><ul><li>PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ed.sc.edu/caw/toolboxppt.html </li></ul><ul><li>Wissick’s Photo toolbox </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ed.sc.edu/caw/toolboxphoto.html </li></ul>

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