SPSS 11.5 for Windows
SPSS 11.5 for Windows runs on Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows ME,
Windows 2000, and Windows XP operating systems. We strongly recommend that
you install Internet Explorer 5.0 or later (version 6.0 is included on the SPSS for
Windows CD-ROM). Windows NT users should upgrade to Windows NT Service
Pack 5 or 6.
When the SPSS for Windows CD-ROM is inserted in the CD-ROM drive on a
Microsoft Windows-based computer, the Autoplay should begin the setup process
(unless this feature has been disabled). SPSS can also be installed by executing the
setup.exe program located in the root directory on the CD-ROM. Instructions for
installing the SPSS are located in the Individual Installation Instructions on the CDROM in the Installation Documents directory.
Site Administrators should also read:
Site License Version Administrator's Guide
Site and Network Versions Installation on a Network
Site License Version Licensing Form for End Users
Network License Administrators should also read:
Network License Versions Administrator's Guide
Site and Network Versions Installation on a Network
Network License Version License Manager Software
Installation and Operation of ODBC Drivers
If you want to retrieve data from databases in a network environment (local area or
wide area network), contact your SPSS system administrator for information about
how to configure your desktop computer with ODBC data sources. If you are a
system administrator, please read Getting Started with SPSS Data Access
Technology in the Installation Documents directory on the CD-ROM.
If there is no system administrator at your site you can install and configure ODBC
data sources yourself.
Installable versions of ODBC drivers from SPSS Connect ODBC and Microsoft are
available on the CD-ROM. We recommend that you use the SPSS Connect ODBC
drivers unless you need a driver for Microsoft Access.
Instructions for installing the SPSS Connect ODBC drivers and the Microsoft Access
Driver are in SPSS Data Access Pack Installation Instructions, included in the
Installation Documents directory on the CD-ROM.
Refer to the Known Issues and Problems in SPSS 11.5 for Windows section below
for specific ODBC driver issues.
New Features in SPSS 11.5 for Windows
New data definition tools. Two new features make defining data faster and easier:
The Copy Data Properties wizard provides the ability to use an external SPSS
data file as a template for defining file and variable properties in the working
data file. You can also use variables in the working data file as templates for
other variables in the working data file. This wizard uses the improved APPLY
DICTIONARY command which offers many new features for copying variable
and dictionary properties.
Define Variable Properties scans your data and lists all unique data values for
any selected variables, identifies unlabeled values, and provides an auto-label
feature. This is particularly useful for categorical variables that use numeric
codes to represent categories (for example, 0 = Male, 1 = Female).
TwoStep Cluster Analysis. This new clustering procedure provides the following
features not available in the other SPSS clustering procedures:
Automatic selection of the best number of clusters, plus measures for
choosing between cluster models.
Create cluster models simultaneously based on categorical and continuous
Ability to save the cluster model to an external XML file, then read that file and
update the cluster model using newer data.
Ability to analyze large data files with a single clustering procedure.
New Custom Tables option. If you have used the Tables option in the past, you
will quickly discover that just about everything in it is new for this release,
A simple drag-and-drop table builder interface that allows you to preview your
table as you select variables and options.
A single, unified table builder interface instead of multiple menu choices and
dialog boxes for different types of tables.
Subtotals for subsets of categories of a categorical variable.
Custom control over category display order and ability to selectively show or
Note: Custom Tables is not included in the SPSS Base system. It is only
available if you have purchased the Tables add-on option.
Expanded support for SAS format data files. You can now save data files in SAS
Version 6, SAS Version 7, and SAS Transport file format.
Expanded output export capabilities. You can now export entire Viewer
documents or selected output objects in Word/RTF format and Excel format
(charts are not included in Excel format).
Multiple output languages. You can now produce pivot table output in different
languages and switch languages during the same session.
Known Issues and Problems in SPSS 11.5 for Windows
New multiple response sets – Although the Original Tables module allows one to
create multiple response sets which are used in the TABLES procedure, these sets
can only be persisted in a system file from an SPSS for Windows dialog. The new
Custom Tables module has a new dialog which makes use of a new syntax
command (MRSETS) for creating multiple response sets. Although the new
mechanism offers some improved functionality, there may be problems using a new
multiple response set with the old Original Tables module.
Using data files saved in SAS formats in SAS JMP and the SAS Viewer – Data
files saved in various SAS formats from SPSS should work in SAS. There are known
problems using SAS files saved in SPSS with the SAS Viewer and SAS JMP 5 –
these applications have a different mechanism for reading files which isn’t the same
or as stable as the one used in SAS.
Filename limitations for data files saved in SAS formats - The following excerpt
is from the SAS JMP 5 README: “Double-byte characters should not be used in
filenames when writing SAS files [from within JMP]. This is a limitation of the SAS
local data provider that is to be corrected in version 9 of SAS”. This holds true for
SAS files saved in SPSS.
Using data sets with a large number of cases in the Data Editor - When data are
read in to SPSS, memory is allocated in the Data Editor to accommodate all of the
cases. If a very large data file (millions of cases) is opened (even when connected to
an SPSS Server) it is possible that the computer running SPSS for Windows will run
out of virtual memory.
The number of cases that can be held in memory by the Data Editor can be limited
by a special setting This threshold can be set by using the virtualr.exe utility, which is
located in the SPSS installation directory. The default is to allocate memory for up
to 100,000 cases as needed. If a Data Editor-specific operation is used to pass the
threshold, such as scrolling to the end of a large file, memory for all of the cases will
The threshold setting does not affect the ability to carry out any operations in SPSS
for Windows, but it may affect performance with large datasets. You should not
change the default unless you have memory exhaustion problems. In that case, set
a smaller value using VirtualR.
Switch Output Language - The Switch Output Language feature allows you to get
output in various languages other than English. The translations included with this
English installation are not final. Some items may still be in English, and some
translations may change. Updated files will be available for download from the SPSS
website at http://www.spss.com/tech/downloads/.
Text Import Wizard and characters - SPSS cannot process string values longer
than 255 characters. Before you import the data, edit it to reduce the length of the
strings. If you encounter a problem importing a value that contains a foreign
character, edit the file and remove the character to fix the problem.
Caching data - The Database Wizard and the Text Wizard provide an optional
setting that automatically caches the data that they import. By default caching is on
and the wizards create a copy of the entire dataset. If you turn caching off, SPSS
does not have access to the entire data file -- the original data source is re-read as
needed -- and the total number cases is unknown. When the total number of cases is
unknown, Go to Case, Copy, and Paste do not work as expected in the Data Editor.
You can correct the problem by turning caching on.
Performance with wide files - If your data file has many columns, you can improve
the performance of the graphical user interface by setting your General Options to
avoid displaying variable labels in alphabetic order. Select Options from the Edit
menu, and go to the General tab to set options for Variable Lists. The other
combination of options perform well.
Specifying substitution fonts when converting TrueType to PostScript in EPS
exports - When exporting charts or maps from the SPSS Viewer to Encapsulated
PostScript (EPS), one may choose an option to convert TrueType fonts to PostScript
fonts. Although the default behavior of this option is match up a TrueType font with a
PostScript font family for conversion, one can explicitly specify a substitution
PostScript font in the IEx_Font.ini configuration file located in the SPSS installation
directory (directions and samples included). This feature may prove useful for users
of multi-byte text who require conversion to a specific PostScript font.
C:…LOCALS~1Tempspss####xxx.tmp contains an invalid path - There is a
defect in SPSS which manifests itself when one first starts SPSS after a fresh install
and runs a procedure after making changes to the Options settings under the Edit
menu. This defect will not reappear after one closes down SPSS and restarts.
Installing Multiple Copies of Adobe Acrobat - It is highly recommended that you
only install one version of Adobe Acrobat on a computer. Some browsers might have
problems loading multiple plug-ins for multiple versions of Acrobat. If you wish to
upgrade to the version of Acrobat which is located on the SPSS CD-ROM, please
uninstall all other versions first.
Oracle and SequeLink Server - If you are using the SequeLink Server at your site,
it might not work correctly with Oracle 8. Use Connect ODBC instead. Connect
ODBC is included in the SPSS Data Access Pack.
Japanese characters in Data Direct driver setup - Japanese characters cannot be
specified in the Data Source Name or Description of the version of Data Direct
database drivers which are shipped with SPSS 11.5. Data Direct acknowledges that
this is a problem, and plans to release a fix.
Enhanced Metafiles (EMF) cropped in Internet Explorer - SPSS Viewer objects
exported as EMFs are cropped when viewed using Internet Explorer. Netscape
cannot read the EMF format. It is recommended that more popular image formats be
used for use with browsers.
SPSS doesn’t work with Altiris Vision User Module 3.1 - There is a memory
conflict with Microsoft DirectDraw and SPSS when Altiris Vision is installed using the
“Run before logon” option. In order to resolve this problem you must not install Altiris
Vision with this option - use "Add to startup menu" or "Run manually" instead. You
must uninstall and re-install Altiris Vision if you already have an installation using
“Run before logon” and are experiencing problems.
Linear Mixed Models §
In the Random dialog box if the Include Intercept checkbox is checked but
no factors or covariates are specified as random effects, the Next button
will not become available. Therefore, in order to generate a RANDOM
subcommand with no effect(s) other than an intercept, that subcommand
must be the last one specified in the Random dialog box. If there are
multiple subcommands specified, the last of which contains only the
intercept, that specification will not be generated unless Continue is clicked
while remaining at that last specification, unless that specification also
includes a subject combination.
SPSS Maps - The SPSS Map Option contains the following known problems or
Running a network installation of SPSS - The Map Option will not run
from a network installation. If you need to run the map option, install SPSS
on your desktop computer.
Limited number of ranges in Range of Values map - If you save an
output file that contains a Range of Values map that has more than five
ranges defined, you will not be able to reopen that file. Therefore the limit
on the number of ranges in the Create Range of Values Map dialog has
been set to five. You can create a Range of Values map with more ranges
using syntax or by editing the map, and you can copy that map as a
metafile into another application such as a word processor; but if you save
the SPSS output file containing such a map, you will be unable to open the
file at all. The problem is in third-party software. SPSS Inc. has not yet
been able to obtain a fix from the software vendor, but will distribute a
patch as soon as the fix becomes available.
Range of Values map causes application error with Natural Break and
no data - If your data specification results in no data records for mapping,
the Natural Break formula for determining ranges fails with an application
error. This most commonly happens if your choice of a geoset or layer
within a geoset does not correspond to your data. A mismatch table should
be produced to indicate this problem, but the application error prevents it
from being shown.
Copy Objects unavailable with maps - Maps are copied to other
software as metafiles. Copy Objects will not work correctly. A side effect of
this is that you must copy and paste maps one at a time.
Bar chart and pie chart map theme size not restored - Changes you
make to the size of bar charts and pie charts in editing maps are not
retained when the map is saved and restored.
Variable to refine geographic match can cause SPSS to hang - If you
use both a geographic variable and a variable to refine the match, the
resulting data table can exceed the capabilities of Maps and cause SPSS
to hang. Most significantly, with United States data, if you use County and
State as your geographic and refining variables and have data for more
than a few states, you will experience this problem. If you are using the
various county-level data files distributed with SPSS Maps, you can avoid
this problem by specifying the 5-digit FIPS codes as your geographic
variable and no refining variable. FIPS codes identify counties uniquely.
For data containing state and county variables but not FIPS codes, a
solution to add FIPS codes to the data will be available on the SPSS web
Maps require updated system resources - If it has been a while since
you added Microsoft products to your system, you may have outdated
system resource files. Installing Internet Explorer 4 or 5 (required for the
SPSS Statistics Coach) will update those files.
Error messages may appear during install under NT - If you have a
version of NT 4.0 that has not been updated recently, you may see
messages during installation about failure of geoset installation. The SPSS
installation replaces the system resource file required for successful
installation, which will take place after you reboot your machine at the end
of the SPSS installation. You can safely dismiss and ignore the warnings.
Maps does not use the FILTER or WEIGHT commands - This could
lead to misinterpreted results.
SPSS Technical Support - <http://www.spss.com/tech/>
SPSS AnswerNet - <http://www.spss.com/tech/answer/>