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BC2. Handling the OT prophets

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Handout for the second of five sessions on the Old Testament at Bible & Culture 2010.

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BC2. Handling the OT prophets

  1. 1. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets Handling the OT Prophets 1. Five key questions What is the historical context? How is the prophetʼs message presented? What main problems does the prophet diagnose? What are the remedies? What is the underlying message about God and humanity? 2. Genres within the prophets a. Oracles i. Messenger speech e.g. Amos 7:14–17 • Prophetic word formula (the word of the Lord came to X) • Commissioning formula (Go and say . . . ) • Messenger formula (This is what the Lord says . . . ) • Message ii. Vision e.g. Amos 7:1–9; 8:1ff; 9:1ff • Announcement of vision • Transition • Vision sequence iii. Judgment oracles e.g. Amos 2:6–16 • Accusation • Link (logical connective) • Announcement of judgment © Tony Watkins" 1" www.tonywatkins.org
  2. 2. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets iv. Covenant lawsuit e.g. Amos 3:1–15? • Summons • Charge • Evidence • Verdict v. Woe oracle e.g. Amos 5:18–27; 6:1–7(14?) • Announcement of distress • Reason for distress • Prediction of disaster vi. Salvation oracles e.g. Amos 9:11–15 • Indication of situation • Reference to the future • Proclamation of radical change • Blessing vii. Lament e.g. Amos 5:1–17 viii. Oracles against the nations e.g. Amos 1:3 – 2:5 b. Narratives i. commissioning e.g. Ezekiel 1 – 3 • Divine confrontation • Introductory word • Commission • Objection(s) • Reassurances • Sign(s) © Tony Watkins" 2" www.tonywatkins.org
  3. 3. Bible & Culture 2010" OT Prophets ii. vision e.g. Ezekiel 37:1–14 iii. symbolic action e.g. Ezekiel 4:1 – 5:17 c. Prayer e.g. Jonah 2 d. Apocalyptic e.g. Daniel 7 e. Allegory e.g. Ezekiel 17 f. Poetry Most of the material by the prophets is written in poetic form. Some key features: i. Parallelism ii. Figures of speech iii. Imagery iv. Symbolism © Tony Watkins" 3" www.tonywatkins.org

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